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The burden of mental disorders in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013

CHARARA, Raghid
et al
January 2017

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The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. Data was used from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost–YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability–YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group.

 

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169575

Rapid assessment of disability in the Philippines: understanding prevalence, well-being, and access to the community for people with disabilities to inform the W-DARE project

MARELLA, Manjula
DEVINE, Alexandra
ARMECIN, Graeme
et al
August 2016

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The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities. A population-based survey was undertaken in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City. 60 clusters of 50 people aged 18 years and older were selected with probability proportion to size sampling from both locations. The Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD) survey was used to identify people with disabilities based on their responses to activity limitations. The levels of well-being and access to the community for people with disabilities were compared with controls matched by age, gender, and cluster. Information on barriers to accessing the community was also collected.

Popul Health Metrics 14, 26 (2016)

DOI 10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y

Participation and quality of life outcomes among individuals with earthquake-related physical disability: A systematic review

NUNNERLEY, Joanne
DUNN, Jennifer
McPHERSON, Kathryn
et al
May 2015

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A literature review to evaluate quality of life and participation outcomes of individuals with earthquake-related physical injury. A systematic review was performed searching MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL and AMED electronic databases from 1966 to January 2014. Studies that measured quality of life or participation outcomes among individuals who acquired a physical disability as a result of an earthquake injury were included, with no limits on research design. The search yielded 961 potentially relevant articles after removal of duplicates. Of these, only 8 articles met the inclusion criteria. Seven papers were reviewed from the following 5 earthquakes: 2001 Gujarat earthquake, India; 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, China (also known as the Sichuan earthquake); 2005 Kashmir earthquake, Pakistan (27); 2009 Padang earthquake, Indonesia; 2010 Port-au-Prince earthquake.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol.47, no.5, 2015, 385-393

10.2340/16501977-1965

A home-based rehabilitation intervention for people living with HIV and disability in a resource-poor community, KwaZulu-Natal : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

COBBING, Saul
HANASS-HANCOCK, Jill
MYEZWA, Hellen
2015

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In this paper, the researchers develop a needs-based home-based rehabilitation programme for people living with HIV in order to improve their quality of life and functional ability. The study aims to  provide rehabilitation professionals and researchers with evidence that can be utilised to improve existing rehabilitation interventions for people living with HIV.

The paper outlines a randomised control trial to test the programme, to be conducted at a public hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The trial will assess the participants’ quality of life, perceived level of disability, functional ability and endurance

Trials 16:491

Use of subjective and objective criteria to categorise visual disability

KAJLA, Garima
ROHATGI, Jolly
DHALIWAL, Upreet
May 2014

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This article presents research into the use of  subjective (quality of life) as well as objective criteria to classify visual disability. When both subjective and objective criteria were used, instead of just the commonly accepted objective criteria, visual disability could be  objectively reclassified

Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 62, Issue 4

Institutional care for older people in developing countries : the case of Buenos Aires, Argentina

SHERLOCK-LLOYD, Peter
REDONDO, Nelida
2009

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"This paper examines the quality of care provided by old age homes in developing countries. It draws attention to the growing demand for such services and the emergence of a largely unregulated private sector. The paper reviews the findings of a survey of 101 private old age homes conducted in Buenos Aires, Argentina during 2004 and 2005. This reveals that the quality of care leaves much to be desired, and that the rights, autonomy and dignity of older people are often neglected. Particular issues of concern are the repressive managerial structures (including the use of restraints and medication), questionable processes of admission, and limited support for dependent residents. The paper calls for long term care to be given a higher policy profile in developing countries than is currently the case"
Journal of Population Ageing, Vol 2, No 1-2

Measuring health and disability

MONT, Daniel
May 2007

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This article examines the use of Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), an indicator for assessing the relative effects of public health interventions, by comparing the underlying concepts to WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). It concludes by stating "the main difficulty with DALYs is that they do not value interventions that enhance the lives of people with disabilities. To do so, they must draw on the social model of disability to look at how the environment interacts with functional status"
The Lancet, Vol 369

The quality of life, mental health, and perceived stigma of leprosy patients in Bangladesh

TSUTSUMI, Atsuro
et al
March 2007

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"The present study aims to determine the quality of life (QOL) and general mental health of leprosy patients compared with the general population, and evaluate contributing factors such as socio-economic characteristics and perceived stigma. A total of 189 patients (160 outpatients, 29 inpatients) and 200 controls without leprosy or other chronic diseases were selected from Dhaka district, Bangladesh, using stratified random sampling"
Social Science Medicine Journal, Vol 64, Issue 12

A review of community based rehabilitation evaluations : quality of life as an outcome measure for future evaluations

MANNAN, Hasheem
TURNBULL, Ann P
2007

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"This review examines key articles in evaluation of community-based rehabilitation carried out in developing countries and proposes family quality of life as an outcome measure of community-based rehabilitation. The concept of community-based rehabilitation is reviewed, quality of life and family quality of life measurement scale is presented. It presents a practical approach to future evaluations of community-based rehabilitation programmes. This review presents the features of community-based rehabilitation evaluation (i.e., service delivery system, technology transfer, community involvement, and organisation and management), methodology, and findings. Implications are defined for the enhancement of community based rehabilitation through practical suggestions for programme coordinators involved in community development for rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities, and social inclusion of people with disabilities"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 18, No 1

Impacts of poverty on quality of life in families of children with disabilities

PARK, Jiyeon
TURNBULL, Ann P
TURNBULL, H. Rutherford
2002

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This literature review examines the impact of poverty on the quality of life in families of children with disabilities in the USA. The article examines the impact of poverty relating to the five dimensions of family, including health, productivity, physical environment, emotional well-being and family interaction. It provides suggestions for policy, research and practices. This article is useful for people interested in the impact of poverty on the quality of life in families of children with disabilities in the USA
Exceptional Children Journal, Vol 68, No 2

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