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Medicines use in primary care in developing and transitional countries : fact book summarizing results from studies reported between 1990 and 2006

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
May 2009

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Irrational use of medicines is one of the most serious global public health problems we face today. Improving use requires regular monitoring and application of effective interventions, both of which are often not done, particularly in many lower income countries. To address this issue, WHO created a database of medicines use in in primary care settings in developing and transitional countries. Quantitative information has been extracted from 679 studies conducted in 97 countries and on 386 interventions (from 313 studies). The medicines use database has allowed the first systematic quantitative review of studies measuring medicines use in developing and transitional countries and the results are now presented

Prescription for healthy development : increasing access to medicines

LEACH, Beryl
PALUZZI, Joan E
MUNDERI, Paula
2005

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This resource highlights the importance of increasing the availability, affordability, and appropriate use of medicines in developing countries. Produced by the Working Group on Access to Essential Medicines or the Taskforce on AIDS, Malaria and TB and Access to Essential Medicines it offers concrete and practical steps to increase incentives for research for priority diseases of developing countries, improve procurement and distribution, strengthen primary health systems, develop more human resources, and increase health funding

Availability of anti-TB drugs in medical shops : a study in six RNTCP districts of Orissa

ASIAN INFORMATION MARKETING ANS SOCIAL RESEARCH
2002

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This report describes a research project, which aimed to identify the medical shops selling anti-TB drugs, the various brands of medicines available, the average sales of the drugs, whether or not these are sold with prescriptions, and the type of relationship between the medical shops and the health professionals (doctors) in the area. Data collection methods included a census of all medical shops, interviews with small samples of shopkeepers, stockists and medical representatives and patients being treated by private practitioners

Guide to good prescribing : a practical manual

DE VRIES, T. P. G. M.
et al
1994

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This book provides step by step guidance to the process of rational prescribing, together with many illustrative examples. It teaches skills that are necessary throughout a clinical career. It is primarily intended for undergraduate medical students who are about to enter the clinical phase of their studies but postgraduate students and practicing doctors may also find it a source of new ideas

How to investigate drug use in health facilities : selected drug use indicators

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
Action Programme on Essential Drugs
1993

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This manual defines a limited number of objective measures that can describe the drug use situation in a country, region or individual health facility. Such measures, or indicators, will allow health planners, managers and researchers to make basic comparisons between situations different areas or at different times. In addition, when an intervention is undertaken to improve aspects of drug use, the indicators can be used to measure impact. Indicators can also serve as simple supervisory tools to detect problems in performance by individual providers or health facilities

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