The Reproductive and Child Health Section (RCHS) of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Tanzania, in collaboration with developmental partners, particularly Saving Newborn Lives / Save the Children carried out this analysis to guide implementation of newborn health interventions in Tanzania
Originally published in 1995, A Book for Midwives has been a comprehensive resource for practicing midwives and midwifery training programmes around the world. This new edition has been extensively updated and revised to reflect new WHO/UNICEF guidelines and standards for mothers and newborn children.This book covers the essentials of care before, during, and after birth, providing a variety of designs for low-cost equipment and training materials. It includes new information on helping women stay healthy during pregnancy; helping mothers have safer labors and births; preventing, managing, and treating obstetric emergencies; breastfeeding; the health needs of new babies; and involving the community in improving the health of mothers and pregnant women. It also includes new information about treatment and medications for HIV and other sexually transmitted infectons; vaccinations, medicines, and drug interactions; infection prevention; improved methods for dealing with complicated deliveries; and new and updated information on family planning
This paper contains five tables listing recommendations to improve maternal and newborn health and survival, through health services, family and community. Table 1. Care in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period for mother and newborn infant; Table 2. Place of care, providers, interventions and commodities; Table 3. Home care, family, community and workplace support for the woman during pregnancy and childbirth and for the newborn infant; Table 4. Care for the woman before and between pregancies; Table 5. Pregnant women not wanting child
This is a comprehensive manual on prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. It is designed to help meet the needs of both the mother and the child in all critical stages of maternity and perinatal care. Places a great emphasis on psychological support and counselling, to enable HIV-positive mothers to make informed decisions and healthy choices. Include an overview of key mother-to-child transmission issues. Topics discussed also include: basic principles of HIV counseling; voluntary counseling and testing; confidentiality; instructions for nevirapine treatment of HIV-infected mothers and for HIV-infected mothers during antenatal, labor, delivery, and postnatal periods; counseling and support for safer infant feeding; follow-up and care of an infant born to an HIV-positive mother; follow-up and care of an HIV-positive mother; PMTCT support groups; laboratory HIV testing; universal precautions; PMTCT programme supervision and monitoring; reporting and management information system (MIS). This training manual is intended as a tool for health care workers who desire to know more about HIV and to help train counsellors who work in PMTCT centers
The African region has the highest rates of neonatal mortality in the world, and has shown the slowest progress so far in reducing neonatal deaths. New policies, however, seem to provide opportunities to accelerate progress for maternal, newborn and child health. Section 1 presents an overview of neonatal deaths, and lives that could be saved in Africa in order to guide policy and programme priority setting. Section 2 explores the the continuum of care through pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period, highlighting current gaps in coverage of care and opportunities to address these gaps at all levels - family and community care, outreach services, and primary and referral care facilities. Section 3 contains an overview of the current situation for 9 key programmes related to newborn health. Section 4 discusses lessons learned and existing gaps between new policies and their implementation. Section 5, finally, contains a summary of relevant data for decision making for 46 countries in sub-Saharan Africa regarding maternal, newborn and child health status and policy. This accessible and comprehensive tool will be of use to policy makers, health and community workers and programme managers
"The Men in Maternity (MiM) study investigated the feasibility, acceptability and cost of a new, more comprehensive, model of maternity care that encouraged husbands' participation in their wives' antenatal and postpartum care. The study specifically assessed the impact of the intervention on family planning in the postpartum period and STI preventitive practices among men and women. The study was conducted in collaboration with the Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC), Delhi Directorate at their primary health facilities called dispensaries"
"The Reproductive Health Research Unit (RHRU) University of the Witwatersrand, in partnership with the FRONTIERS Program of the Population Council, and the KwaZulu Natal Department of Health conducted a three-year operations research study titled "Men in Maternity" (MIM) in the Ethekwini district. The study was completed in July 2003...The intervention was clinic-based and included two broad strategies: improving antenatal care services by strengthening the existing antenatal package and service monitoring and supervision; and introducing couple counseling by providing training to health providers, inviting partners of antenatal women to attend counseling twice during pregnancy and once post delivery, and providing information to couples with a new antenatal booklet...At follow-up few differences were found between the control and intervention groups to support the hypothesized effect of the intervention. Significant differences were found only in changing communication, partner assistance during pregnancy emergencies, and knowledge of the condom as a method of dual protection"
This manual is part of a set of training tools (which includes a teacher's guide, a student's manual and policy guidelines), which have been produced to build the capacity of health personnel to prevent and to manage the health complications of FGM. They aim to bring FGM into mainstream education for health professionals will increase the pressure for the elimination of the practice. The teacher's manual contains four modules. The first module gives an introductory overview of the problem, considering cultural, ethical and human right implications of the practice. Module 2 looks at ways of involving the communities, and policy makers, in the prevention of FGM. Module 3 explains how to provide support, both medical and psychological, to girls and women with FGM complications. Module 4 looks at the implications of FGM during pregnancy, labour, delivery and post-partum period and at ways to manage complications. This is a useful tool for nursery and midwifery teachers, for community and health workers, and for those willing to raise awareness around the issue of female genital mutilation
This book raises critical issues arising from the national and international policies, programmes and services whose aim is to prevent maternal mortality and morbidity. It analyses where safe motherhood initiatives stand today, what has been achieved and what remains to be done, and offers perspectives on making pregnancy, childbirth and abortion safer for women in future. The book reviews work in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya, Uganda, Vietnam, India, Tanzania, Mexico, Nigeria, Bolivia, Ghana and South Africa
The Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor was a journal that served the international development community and all scientists who share a professional interest in indigenous knowledge systems and practices. Publication ceased in 2001. The author describes the indigenous postpartum maternal and child health care rites and observances among the Igbo of South Eastern Nigeria. Next he examines these practices against the background of the Igbo conception of health and recommends that Igbo health practices be adapted and incorporated into the primary healthcare plan
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