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An integrated approach to victim assistance in Cambodia & the role of Australia as supporting state

De BEAUPUIS, Gaetan
HOTTENOT, Elke
November 2018

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The objective of this case study was to review how Cambodia, as an affected state, and Australia as a donor, promote the provision of victim assistance in sectors including health, rehabilitation, disability, socio-economic development and poverty reduction. It documents promising practices and proposes next steps to ensure the sustainability of victim assistance provision in the near and long-term future. This study aims to inspire the mine action community in both affected and donor states to increase its contribution to victim assistance. This case study focuses on both prongs of the integrated approach to victim assistance by describing: i) Broader multi-sector efforts that reach casualties, survivors and indirect victims; and ii) Specific victim assistance efforts to improve victims’ quality of life deployed by mine action stakeholders, other actors in charge of coordinating victim assistance in Cambodia, and Australia as a donor state. An analysis of these specific efforts revealed that they fall into one of two of the following categories: a) Bridging gaps in data collection and service provision, or b) Advocating for, and facilitating, a multisector response.

 

Humanity & Inclusion (HI) and the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) conducted the study in November 2017 in seven provinces. The methodology comprised three steps: a desk review of project documents, national plans and policies from a range of sectors with a focus on programmes funded by Australia; interviews with key personnel from the mine action and the disability sectors; and a field survey comprising 31 individual indepth interviews with 19 survivors and 12 other persons with disabilities (23 male and 8 female), 12 focus group discussions as well as field visits to observe the initiatives described in this publication. 

 

 

Disability and extreme poverty : recommendations from practitioners in Bangladesh

FREMLIN, Peter
April 2015

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This paper presents shared lessons from experts and organisations working on disability-inclusive poverty reduction in Bangladesh. It gives an overview of the situation of persons with disabilities in extreme poverty in Bangladesh, highlighting disability-specific challenges, and the gaps in institutional capacity to deal with these issues. Recommendations are provided on the need to identify persons with disabilities more clearly, introduce disability-focus to mainstream poverty reduction efforts, adopt measures to overcome disability specific challenges, and strengthen institutional capacity to work on disability issues

Incheon strategy to "make the right real" for the persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC (ESCAP)
November 2012

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"This report presents information about 'The Incheon Strategy' which provides the Asian and Pacific region, and the world, with the first set of regionally agreed disability-inclusive development goals. Developed over more than two years of consultations with governments and civil society stakeholders, the Incheon Strategy comprises 10 goals, 27 targets and 62 indicators. The Incheon Strategy builds on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Biwako Millennium Framework for Action and Biwako Plus Five towards an Inclusive, Barrier-free and Rights-based Society for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. The Incheon Strategy will enable the Asian and Pacific region to track progress towards improving the quality of life, and the fulfillment of the rights, of the region’s 650 million persons with disabilities, most of whom live in poverty"
ST/ESCAP/2648

Realising UNCRPD : learning from inclusive practices in education and employment|Case studies in education and employment

HIRANANDANI, Vanmala
KUMAR, Arun
SONPAL, Deepa
July 2011

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"This document compiles the findings from the case studies and provides a synthesis of their inclusive practices. Further, it provides key pointers for future direction which are open for further debate. The key purpose of this document is to facilitate wider dissemination of inclusive practices in accessible formats and generate dialogue with various, thus serving an essential educational purpose"

Making a living last longer : insights into older people's livelihood strategies

ERB, Susan
2011

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This research report explores the challenges faced by older people in securing a sustainable livelihood in four countries. The research found that older people face significant barriers in achieving livelihood security due to lack of regular, predictable and sufficient cash income such as non-contributory pensions. Gender, destitution, and emergency preparedness emerged as cross-cutting issues that affect older people’s livelihood challenges regardless of location. The research also found that older people have only limited access to microfinance institutions (MFIs) and banks, and therefore to credit and savings facilities. It concludes by highlighting key guiding principles for governments, community-based organisations, NGOs, MFIs and others working to support older people to achieve greater livelihood security

Global trends in disability rehabilitation and their implications for leprosy programmes

THOMAS, Maya
THOMAS, Maliakal Joseph
March 2008

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This article explores the global trends in disability rehabilitation and the implications for leprosy programmes. It provides a brief summary the Biwako Millennium Framework of the Asia and Pacific decade to gain a better understanding of current issues and the implications for leprosy rehabilitation programmes
Leprosy Review, Vol 79, Issue 1

Ripple effects or deliberate intentions?|Assessing linkages between women's empowerment and childhood poverty

JONES, Nicola
MUKHERJEE, Madhuri
GALAB, S
May 2007

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This paper looks at the impact of women's empowerment on child poverty and well-being. It includes an overview of theoretical literature on women's empowerment and inter-generational poverty transmissions; outlines the research methodology used; presents the findings from research in four districts of Andhra Pradesh; and sets out the conclusions and policy recommendations

Another way to learn : case studies

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
2007

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These case studies come from an initiative that supports non-formal education projects in Africa, South Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America. The long-term goal of these projects is to develop sustainable livelihoods for low-income, low-literate populations by addressing vulnerability to HIV and AIDS and drug misuse, a lack of education and social exclusion. Central to all of these projects are the creative and innovative methods used to communicate in a meaningful way, engage people and encourage their participation. The projects all focus on capacity building, empowerment, and creating learning opportunities. A DVD has been produced to accompany this publication

Role of social workers in Indonesia

SUHARTO, Edi
2006

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"After reviewing the figures and definitions related to disability, this paper explores the psychosocial issues confronting people with disabilities and the challenges for social workers working in rehabilitation for people with disabilities. Finally, the process of social work services and the roles of social workers with reference to the rehabilitation setting are examined"
Third Country Training on Vocational Rehabilitation for Persons with Disabilities, National Vocational Rehabilitation Centre (NVRC)
Cibinong, Bogor, Indonesia
10-11 November 2006

A case study on reaching the poorest & vulnerable

AHMED, Rokeya
2006

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This paper outlines a case study focusing on the very poorest people in a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme in urban areas of Bangladesh. WASH focuses on economic access through a cross-subsidy approach, and uses poverty ranking by community to identify the hard-core poor. Two case studies are presented; one about a blind elderly man and the other about a frail elderly woman. The paper would be useful for people interested learning about WASH programmes for poor people in urban areas in Bangladesh

Community based rehabilitation practices and alleviation of poverty of people with disabilities in Bangladesh

ALAM, Khandakar Jahurul
BARI, Nazmul
KHAN, Masudul Abedin
June 2005

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This paper presents a problem analysis of the current issues for disabled people in Bangladesh. It also analyses critical issues and details further needs for community based rehabilitation and poverty alleviation. It is useful for people interested in community based rehabilitation in Bangladesh
Workshop on Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) and Poverty Alleviation of Persons with Disabilities
Bangkok, Thailand
5 July 2005

Chennai statement on up-scaling pro-poor ICT policies and practices

ARUNACHALAM, Subbiah
et al
January 2005

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The Chennai Statement is intended to serve as an input into the on-going global debate on the role of ICTs for development, particularly in view of the poverty reduction oriented agenda for the implementation of the WSIS Principles and Action Plan in the context of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

DFID departmental report 2005

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2005

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This report gives a comprehensive account of previous spending and future plans for spending of the UK Department for International development (DFID). Specifically, this report focuses on DFID's work and key developments from April 2004 to March 2005 and explains DFID's approach to working as part of a wider international effort to address poverty in developing countries. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in international organisations and development

Reflections on Young Lives 2000-2005 : bridging research, policy analysis and advocacy to tackle childhood poverty

JONES, Nicola
2005

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This paper explores efforts to bridge multi-disciplinary research, policy engagement and practice to improve poor children’s life quality in four diverse transforming societies. It draws on Young Lives (2000-2015), an international longitudinal policy-research project on childhood poverty, tracing 12,000 children (8,000 from birth and 4,000 from age eight) in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Biwako millennium framework for action towards an inclusive, barrier-free and rights-based society for persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC (UNESCAP)
January 2003

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Provides information on the Biwako Framework that was adopted in 2002. The document sets out a draft regional framework for action that provides regional policy recommendations for action by governments in the region and concerned stakeholders to achieve an inclusive, barrier-free and rights-based society for disabled people. The regional framework for action explicitly incorporates the millennium development goals and their relevant targets to ensure that concerns relating to disabled people become an integral part of efforts to achieve the goals

State of the world's children 2004 : ­girls, education and development

BELLAMY, Carol
2003

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This year's report focuses on girls' education and its implica- tions for development. It presents the many benefits of educat- ing girls, examines the barriers that keep more girls out of school and the lasting impact such exclusion has on a country's development, details why education is the most effective means of combating many of the most profound challenges to human development and presents concrete and practical recommendations for the way forward

Tackling poverty in Asia

MOLLETT, Roger
September 2002

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This publication analyses current trends in European Union-Asia development cooperation, political dialogue, and trade and investment flows from the development persepctive. It finds that EU aid to Asia should be increased to reflect the high levels of poverty in the region and be focused on sectors contributing to poverty reduction; that European and Asian governments should engage in political dialogue to establish a common strategy for achieving the UN Millenium Development Goals; and EU trade and agriculture policies should be made consistent with efforts to reduce poverty

Identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction : India country study

FOUNDATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
2002

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This country report describes the situation of disabled people in India. It gives an overview about the country, reviews the legislation, describes disability organisations and development agencies and lays out the results of a participatory programme. In addition to this, the report analyses the connections between disability and poverty by reviewing the current programmes and showing the gaps. The recommendations of the report urge to pay special attention to activities in the fields of inclusion, participation, access and quality

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