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Special appeal 2016 : Disability and mine action 2016

ICRC
November 2016

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This Special Appeal covers the funding requirements for physical rehabilitation activities for all persons with disabilities – among them, victims of armed conflict, other situations of violence and mines/ERW – as well as for initiatives related to mine action. It also summarizes the ICRC’s wider approach to addressing the needs of persons with disabilities, including its other efforts to facilitate the social and economic aspects of inclusion. The work of the Physical Rehabilitation Programme (PRP) and the Special Fund for the Disabled (SFD) is outlined. Topics associated with reducing the impact of weapon contamination and with promoting legal frameworks and government are discussed. 

Challenges to principled humanitarian action: Perspectives from four countries.

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL
Handicap International
July 2016

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The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an increased understanding of the perceived and actual challenges humanitarians face in operational contexts as they apply the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. A snapshot is provided of four case studies; Colombia, Nepal, northern Syria and South Sudan. Through a combination of field research, headquarters interviews, desk research, and a webinar, views and observations are presented from the humanitarian community. These observations provide a glimpse into the challenges faced by principled humanitarians. As a result the paper puts forward seven recommendations intended to assist humanitarians and states to sharpen tools and strengthen approaches when implementing principled humanitarian protection and assistance. An addendum to this study provides perspectives from selected members of the donor community. This research was conducted through interviews with state representatives in Geneva, aiming to understand how donors perceive their responsibilities in upholding the humanitarian principles and the Good Humanitarian Donorship Principles. This final chapter highlights challenges faced by states while supporting principled humanitarian action, particularly in conflict zones. On the basis of this research, additional recommendations for both states and humanitarians are proposed to strengthen the adherence to the humanitarian principles

Mental health problems in Juba, South Sudan: local perceptions, attitudes and patient care - A socio-anthropological study

LOHINIVA Anna-Leena
May 2016

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Mental health programming is important in post-conflict settings such as South Sudan. Handicap International is currently implementing a project entitled “Touching Mind, Raising Dignity; to stop the stigma toward people with mental health problems” which aims to improve the social and community involvement of people living with mental health problems. This qualitative research study was conducted to understand local concepts linked to mental health problems and health-seeking in order to develop effective mental health interventions in the context of Juba, South Sudan. The study was conducted in four locations in Juba among community members, people with mental health problems, their caregivers and service providers. Focus group discussions & in-depth interviews were conducted with a total of 130 study participants. The interviews were conducted in English or by translating from Juba Arabic. The data was analysed using thematic analysis. Respondents used two wide categories when discussing people with mental health problems: mad (majnun) and sad and tired (mariid= sick). Substance abuse related madness and maratsarra (epilepsy) were genuine community concerns. Mild signs and symptoms were not recognized as mental health problems, the causes of mental health problems were viewed as numerous and complex, and mental health problems were believed to be common in South Sudan. 

Victim assistance in the context of mines and explosive remnants of war

HOTTENTOT, Elke
July 2014

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This policy paper presents background information on victim assistance in the context of landmines and cluster munitions. It describes how it is rooted in two instruments of international humanitarian law and guided by the CRPD, and reviews the current situation in terms of Handicap International’s day-to-day interventions and outlines a vision of VA that is in line with their 2011 – 2015 strategy. Overall, it aims to contribute to a common position and coherent communication on VA among Handicap International staff, whether at the operational, advocacy, communication or campaigning level and to instigate new ways of operating in order to capitalize on the opportunity presented by VA at this point in time
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Intellectual/developmental disabilities and conflict : advocacy of the forgotten|What are the experiences of persons with intellectual/developmental disabilities in violent conflict and post-conflict situations? : with a focus on humanitarian assistance

ROHWERDER, Brigitte Lea
September 2011

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"This dissertation examines and analyses the experiences of persons with intellectual/developmental disabilities who have been neglected in practice and academia, focusing on their interactions with humanitarian assistance"
Dissertation submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Post-War Recovery Studies at the University of York
The user has given permission for the uploaded document to be reproduced and made publicly available on the Source website

Bosnia's political landmines : a call for socially responsible and conflict-sensitive mine action

BOLTON, Matthew
GRIFFITH, Hugh
Eds
September 2006

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This report addresses key questions related to the landmine removal process. They include: who carries out demining and what was their record during the conflict? Who benefits politically from the aid given to support mine action? Who act as ‘middlemen’ between international donors and the local deminers and to what uses do they put their profit?

Disability and inclusive development [whole issue]

July 2005

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This issue of Development Outreach, a magazine published by the World Bank, is dedicated to disability and inclusive development. Articles highlight the links between disability and equity, poverty and gender issues, HIV and AIDS, and broadcast media; disability at policy level in USAID, DFID and the United Nations; and several case studies of projects that aim to empower people with disabilities, socially, economically and politically

Emergencies and disability

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
2005

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This Key list highlights essential information resources on disability in emercency situations. During emergency situations, either due to conflict or natural disaster, there is need to include disabled people in the planning of humanitarian responses, for example in providing shelter, sanitation, health care, food and education. In the short-term, emergency situations can cause injury and malnutrition, leading to disability. In the longer term, destruction to health and education services can lead to higher rates of disease, and for example, lower rates of vaccination, which again can result in disability. In post-war situations, landmines can remain for generations after a war has ended, and mental health problems can also persist in war-affected populations for many years. This key list gathers overview articles, manuals for emergency planning and case studies about disabled persons in emergency situations

Practical guide to multilateral needs assessments in post-conflict situations

KIEVELITZ, Uwe
et al
August 2004

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This practical guide presents information about post-conflict needs assessments and includes details relating to context, recovery phase links and various settings. It reviews key conceptual issues, provides recommendations on managing the needs assessment process and presents estimated costs. Supporting figures and boxes are used to highlight sequenced steps, phrases and responsibilites. The guide would be useful for anyone who is undertaking a post-conflict needs assessment

Landmine monitor report 2004 : toward a mine-free world

INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO BAN LANDMINES
2004

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Landmine Monitor is not a technical verification system or a formal inspection regime. It is an attempt by civil society to hold governments accountable to the obligations they have taken on with respect to antipersonnel mines. The monitor is designed to complement the States Parties transparency reporting required under Article 7 of the Mine Ban Treaty.
Landmine Monitor Report 2004 contains information on every country in the world with respect to landmine ban policy, use, production, transfer, stockpiling, mine action funding, mine clearance, mine risk education, landmine casualties, and survivor assistance. It does not only report on States Parties and their treaty obligations, but looks at signatory states and non-signatories as well. Appendices with information from key players in mine action, such as UN agencies and the International Committee of the Red Cross, are also included.
Landmine Monitor and its annual reports aim to promote and advance discussion on mine-related issues, and to seek clarifications, in order to help reach the goal of a mine-free world. Landmine Monitor works in good faith to provide factual information about issues it is monitoring, in order to benefit the international community as a whole

Inclusive security, sustainable peace : a toolkit for advocacy and action

2004

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This toolkit, is intended to enable women to engage in peacebuilding and security processes, and can be used as a reference guide, for training and awareness-raising; or to enhance understanding of Security Council Resolution 1325 and other relevant international agreements, instruments and institutions. It has sections on: the broad conceptual framework of peace, accountability and rights; key international policies and legal mechanisms; and human rights, and there are chapters on: conflict prevention, resolution and reconstruction; security issues; justice, governance and civil society; and protecting vulnerable groups

Lessons learned workshop : a review of assistance programs for war wounded and other persons with disabilities living in mine-affected countries

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
2004

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This review is the result of a workshop in May 2004 which brought together rehabilitation specialists from Africa, Asia, Europe and Central America to review assistance programmes for war wounded and persons who are living in landmine-affected countries. Lessons learned regarding emergency and continuing medical care, physical rehabilitation, psycho-social support, economic integration, capacity-building and sustainability, access to services, data collection, and coordination are presented in some detail, with reference to achieving the aims outlined in the International Campaign to Ban Landmines' Guidelines for the care and rehabilitation of survivors (1999)

Fun inclusive : sports and games as means of rehabilitation, interaction and integration for children and young people with disabilities

IKELBERG, Jenny
et al
2003

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This handbook looks at the activities used in the GTZ (German Agency for Technical Co-operation) pilot project called "Rehabilitation through sports activities for children and young people in war-affected countries". The project aimed to strengthen disabled children both physically and mentally by promoting their rehabilitation, social integration and capacity for self help. The handbook provides basic guidelines for the implementation of sports and games as a means of rehabilitation and integration, building on the experiences from workshops in Angola and Cambodia, which tested 12 games. It includes an evaluation sheet that can be adapted and used

The mental health of war affected children : a community based rehabilitation and reconciliation programme in Sri Lanka's Eastern Province

CHASE, Robert
BUSH, Kenneth
January 2002

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This article describes the Butterfly peace garden initiative, an innovative after-school programme for 600 war-affected children in Sri Lanka. The programme offers creative play activities and ethnic reconciliation, integrated with opportunities for trauma healing through art-based processes. The article discusses the programme's similarities with and differences from community-based rehabilitation and deals with the controversial issues of the pathology of militarised violence at a societal level, mental illness paradigms such as post-traumatic stress disorder and the appropriateness of Western counselling approaches

Patronage or partnership : local capacity building in humanitarian crises

SMILIE, Ian
Ed
2001

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This book reviews recent experiences in strengthening local institutions, governmental and non-governmental alike, in six countries on five continents. It examines various aspects of the tensions between international initiatives to save lives or to reconstruct the fabric of societies, and the parallel and sometimes competing international commitment to "capacitation" - to building longer term skills locally. The last chapter reviews the case studies and attempts to draw out the learning in terms of conceptual, operational, political and motivational issues

Community based rehabilitation : a strategy for peacebuilding

BOYCE, William
KOROS, Michael
HODGSON, Jennifer
2001

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There are features of peace building which distinguish it from peace keeping and which make it an appropriate strategy in dealing with vertical conflict and low intensity conflict. However, some theorists suggest that attempts to impose liberal values upon non-democratic cultures are misguided and lack an ethical basis. During post-conflict reconstruction, disability is a powerful emotive lever that can be used to mobilize cooperation between factions. Consequently, the paper investigates the peace building properties of community based approaches to disability in a number of countries. The paper describes the practice and impact of peace building through community based rehabilitation (CBR) strategies in the context of armed conflict. Finally, a number of benefits and challenges to using CBR strategies for peacebuilding purposes are identified

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