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Programming experiences in early childhood development

November 2006

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This document presents examples and case studies from 21 countries. They demonstrate the benefit of cross-sectoral programming to support early childhood development, some building on early child care or education programme

International conventions and policy issues : young children affected by HIV and AIDS


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This Key list highlights essential information resources on international conventions and young children affected by HIV and AIDS. At policy levels, young children need to be included in programmes that address children, HIV and AIDS and community development. This was the theme at the international conference on early childhood development (ECD) in Asmara, Eritrea, 2002. In 2003 UNAIDS, The World Bank and UNICEF published guidelines on ECD in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programmes in Africa, which serve as a useful tool for policy makers. In addition, UNICEF experience suggests that a good ECD programme should have a broad framework, be developed with and for families and with and for communities, respecting cultural values and building local capacity. Also important is equal access for all children and a programme that is flexible and reflects diversity. It should also take into account the different experiences and needs of the different age groups within early childhood

HIV/AIDS : what about very young children?

DUNN, Alison
July 2004

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This short paper reflects findings from research carried out to identify current responses to meet the needs of children age 0-8 living in HIV/AIDS affected communities. The overall results show that at local, national and international levels there are gaps in programming and policy to engage ideas and mobilise resources to address the needs and experiences of very young children both infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. The question is then raised: What can we actually do to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities? Supporting existing family and community networks and current efforts that are being made by people confronting HIV/AIDS on a daily basis are important strategies. Conclusions are drawn indicating that services are required urgently to support very young children both directly and through the families and communities in which they live. Ways of listening to and including very young children in these processes need to be developed and used. Partnerships need to be developed between parents, families, NGOs, CBOs and government to ensure the holistic development of the child. At policy levels, very young children need to be included in programmes that address children, HIV/AIDS and community development. All government ministries can participate in meeting the needs of very young children in HIV/AIDS affected communities

Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

SEIFMAN, Richard

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The document suggests how services that address young children's needs might be fully integrated into a national multisectoral HIV/AIDS programme. It gives advice on developing national ECD policies, programmes and interventions, multisectoral ECD approaches, and ways to advocate, implement, monitor and evaluate these efforts. It makes suggestions of interventions for very young children and is a resource for other national HIV/AIDS programme topics

HIV/AIDS and early childhood [whole issue]

December 2002

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This is one of the few publications solely dedicated to early childhood and HIV/AIDS. It contains articles examining the particular experience of the very young child and the social, psychosocial and nutritional impact on their lives in AIDS affected communities. There is also an article about infant feeding practices in Africa. It makes some policy recommendations and the several case studies provide some direct examples of programming in this area

Social inclusion through early childhood education and care

LERO, Donna S
June 2002

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[From the introduction]: "This paper explores how childhood education and care [ECEC] services contribute to social inclusion in society.... The paper's main purpose is to examine the circumstances under which ECEC services contribute to ... social inclusion, and when they don't. The following section examines the key concepts upon which this is based. Then, applying a framework drawn from an international policy study, we consider the specific policy and program elements that enable ECEC services to contribute to social inclusion. Finally, we examine whether the current ECEC situation in Canada is constructed and supported in ways that contribute to social inclusion, what changes are needed to enable it to do so, some implications for practice and future policy directions."

Caribbean Early Childhood Development and HIV/AIDS


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This website was established by the University of the West Indies to make Caribbean-relevant information on early childhood available to the countries that the University of the West Indies serves. The website is targeted at practitioners, parents, policy makers, researchers, the media or other persons and organisations interested in Caribbean early childhood, parenting and family development issues. The aim of the site is to increase the sharing of information, strategies, resources and overall communication on early childhood, parenting and the family within the Caribbean. The website provides information on national Early Childhood Development (ECD) Associations and their plans of action, parenting initiatives, research, and publications and products available on early childhood development issues in the region. There is a section devoted to HIV AIDS and ECD, but only a few reports on this topic are currently available

Early childhood development

January 2001

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This article delivers details on the Working Group on Early Childhood Development (WGECD) as one of the most recent working groups of the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA). It describes its activities and the policy studies project which provides information to African governments about ECD policies that have been developed in Africa. It also takes a look at ECD and HIV/AIDS and the role of WGECD and UNICEF


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