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Smarter, greener, more inclusive? Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy. 2017 edition

EUROSTAT
July 2017

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The focus of this publication is on showing progress of the EU and its Member States towards the goals and targets defined in the Europe 2020 strategy. The analysis of long-term trends, as described by the strategy’s headline indicators, is accompanied by additional contextual information, which improves understanding of the driving forces behind the developments that these indicators show. The current edition builds upon and updates the previous releases. The publication provides analyses based on the most recent statistics in the five thematic areas of employment, R&D and innovation, climate change and energy, education, and poverty and social exclusion. Each area is analysed in a dedicated chapter. An executive summary outlines the main statistical trends observed in the indicators. Additional country profiles describe the progress of each Member State towards its national Europe 2020 targets

DOI: 10.2785/760192

OPERA framework

July 2016

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"A guiding lens for CESR's national enforcement work, the OPERA framework allows an assessment that triangulates outcomes, policies and resources to provide a much fuller picture of what a state is doing to promote the realization of specific rights. Importantly, it traces economic and social deprivations and disparities back to the actions or omissions of the state, to make the case that they constitute an injustice and a violation of human rights."

Assessing fiscal policies from a human rights perspective

Center for Economic and Social Rights
July 2016

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"The study undertaken by the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR) and the Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales (ICEFI) aimed to contribute to a broader reflection on the role of fiscal policy in complying with a state’s economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) obligations. Despite being a middle-income country with the largest economy in Central America, Guatemala’s social indicators were alarming; with more than half the population living below the national poverty line and one in seven Guatemalans living in extreme poverty. The persistence of systemic inequality and discrimination could be partially explained by the legacy of almost 40 years of armed conflict, which did not end until the signing of the Peace Accords in 1996. Nevertheless, the stark contrasts between rich and poor suggested that the dismal state of ESC rights could not be attributed to limited state resources, but to the way in which they were distributed, this highlighted the need to hold the state accountable for its efforts to generate and manage resources equitably and in accordance with its human rights obligations.... Methodological case study on the use of available resources to realize economic, social and cultural rights in Guatemala

Opera : a four step framework for monitoring economic, social and cultural rights fulfillment

CENTER FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RIGHTS (CESR)
March 2016

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This infographic illustrates the OPERA framework. This framework is for monitoring economic, social and cultural rights fulfilment and consists of four levels of analysis: outcomes, policy efforts, resources and assessment. The infographic lays out specific benchmarks and for what is measured by each level of analysis and how each concept is to be measured

Victim assistance in the context of mines and explosive remnants of war

HOTTENTOT, Elke
July 2014

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This policy paper presents background information on victim assistance in the context of landmines and cluster munitions. It describes how it is rooted in two instruments of international humanitarian law and guided by the CRPD, and reviews the current situation in terms of Handicap International’s day-to-day interventions and outlines a vision of VA that is in line with their 2011 – 2015 strategy. Overall, it aims to contribute to a common position and coherent communication on VA among Handicap International staff, whether at the operational, advocacy, communication or campaigning level and to instigate new ways of operating in order to capitalize on the opportunity presented by VA at this point in time
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The OPERA framework : assessing compliance with the obligation to fulfil economic, social and cultural rights

CORKERY, Allison
WAY, Sally-Anne Way
OTERO, Victoria Wisniewski
2012

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“This paper presents a practical framework for integrating different tools and techniques in order to provide a more comprehensive assessment of how public policies comply with the obligation to fulfill ESC rights. The OPERA framework (so called because it triangulates Outcomes, Policy Efforts and Resources to make an overall Assessment) articulates relevant human rights standards and principles to take into account when monitoring ESC rights fulfillment and offers practical guidance on which tools and techniques might be employed to evaluate them. These range from simple descriptive statistics that summarize data to more complex fiscal policy and budget analysis that assess the availability and allocation of resources. By making explicit this crucial link between the various human rights standards and principles that underpin the obligation to fulfill and the different assessment methods available to monitor them, the framework enables a systematic approach to building evidence of failures to fulfill ESC rights”

Assessing the situation of women with disabilities in Australia : a human rights approach

Rosny Park, Tasmania
Women With Disabilities Australia (WWDA)
July 2011

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This paper uses a human rights framework to document the range of data, research and information needed in order to give a comprehensive assessment of the situation of women with disabilities in Australia. The paper provides "an overview of the intersection of gender and disability, as well as a brief background to the human rights imperative. Using key articles from the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the paper then prescribes the key quantitative and qualitative data and research required under each article, and links this to Australia’s international human rights obligations and domestic policy context"

The knowledge of transition toolkit|Bridging the know-do gap : a resource for researchers

BENNETT, Gavin
JESSSANI, Nasreen
Eds
2011

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"This toolkit provides a thorough overview of what knowledge translation (KT) is and how to use it most effectively to bridge the ‘know-do’ gap between research, policy, practice, and people. It presents the theories, tools, and strategies required to encourage and enable evidence-informed decision-making. This toolkit builds upon extensive research into the principles and skills of KT: its theory and literature, its evolution, strategies, and challenges. The book covers an array of crucial KTenablers, from context mapping to evaluative thinking, supported by practical examples, implementation guides, and references. Drawing from the experience of specialists in relevant disciplines around the world, The Knowledge Translation Toolkit aims to enhance the capacity and motivation of researchers to use KT and to use it well"

Bridging the gaps between research, policy and practice in low- and middle-income countries a survey of researchers

LAVIS, John N
et al
May 2010

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This article describes the findings from a study which examined efforts to bridge the gaps between research, policy and practice in 10 low- and middle-income countries in which researchers conducting research in one of four clinical areas relevant to the Millennium Development Goals: prevention of malaria (Ghana, Laos, Senegal and Tanzania), care of women seeking contraception (China, Kazakhstan, Laos and Mexico), care of children with diarrhoea (Ghana, India, Pakistan and Senegal) and care of patients with tuberculosis (China, India, Iran and Mexico) were surveyed

International compilation of human research protections

OFFICE FOR HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTIONS, US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
2009

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This compilation lists the approximately 1,100 laws, regulations, and guidelines that govern human subjects research in 92 countries, as well as standards from a number of international and regional organisations. Its purpose is to help these groups familiarise themselves with the laws, regulations and guidelines where the research will be conducted and to assure those standards are followed appropriately. This edition includes numerous additions and updates to the 2008 Edition, and features the laws, regulations and/or guidelines for seven new countries: Burma (also known as Myanmar), Egypt, the Gambia, San Marino, South Korea, the Sudan and Vietnam. This compilation was developed for institutional research bodies/ethics committees, researchers, sponsors, and others who are involved in international research

Policy briefs as a communication tool for development research

JONES, Nicola
WALSH, Cora
May 2008

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There has been little systematic research in the development field about the communication needs of developing country policy-makers and how such research can be used to inform policy brief content and design. This background note looks at the research communication environment involving researchers, policy-makers and development practitioners from the North and South in science, technology and innovation

Programming experiences in early childhood development

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
November 2006

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This document presents examples and case studies from 21 countries. They demonstrate the benefit of cross-sectoral programming to support early childhood development, some building on early child care or education programme

'The last thing the world needs is another website' : the role of evidence in integrating information and communication into development policy

PERKINS, Nicholas
Ed
October 2006

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This summary paper outlines the interim findings from the ICD (Information and Communication for Development) Knowledge Sharing and Learning programme. It summarises the communication processes that are needed to engage with policy makers in order to embed effective information and communication within their development policies and practice

Part 46 : protection of human subjects

OFFICE FOR HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTIONS (OHRP)
June 2005

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This policy regulations outline the basic US Health and Human Services Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects. It also provides additional policy information about protection for pregnant women, human foetuses, neonates and children involved as subjects in research. This is an important document for anyone who is completing research with human research subjects in the United States

No development without research : a challenge for research capacity strengthening

NUYENS, Yvo
2005

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This document provides an overview of key players, programmes and issues around research capacity strengthening. Fragmentation, overlapping and insufficient coordination of programmes prevent the bridging of the 'know-do gap'. The document depicts a framework encompassing the individual level (training), the institutional level (development of institutions) and the macro level (enabling environment, which includes the national health research system). Crucially, it describes research 'as an iterative process in phases, starting with managing the research agenda and ending with utilizing evidence in decision-making in policy and practice'

Communicating for health research

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
2005

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This Key list highlights essential information resources on health research communication. Interest in evidence-based policy and practice has promoted an exploration of the factors that affect the influence of research on policy. Studies of research-policy dynamics suggest there is a need for effective communication - both the appropriate dissemination of research results and attention to the networks and links between researchers, policymakers and practitioners throughout the research process. There is also much to learn from work at the 'research-practice boundary'

How do we communicate health research?

BARNES, Melaina Barnes
VINCENT, Robin
2005

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This is an image of the various players involved in producing evidence and developing policy and what can be done to bridge the gaps between them and strengthen the influence of research on policy

Human subject regulations decision charts

OFFICE FOR HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTIONS (OHRP)
September 2004

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These graphic aids are a guide to help decide if a research activity involving human subjects needs to be reviewed by an institutional review board (IRB) under the requirements of the US Department of Health and Human Services. The charts specify the following: whether an activity is research that must be reviewed by an IRB, whether the review may be performed by expedited procedures, and whether informed consent or its documentation may be waived. This document is useful for institutional review boards (IRBs), investigators, and others who are conducting research with human subjects

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