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Child health research : a foundation for improving child health

DABIS, François
et al
2002

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This report discusses the role of medical research in child health improvement, highlighting how new knowledge has lead to action and action, in turn, to research. Research findings have contributed to reduce child morbidity and mortality by leading to significant achievements in diarrhoea management, breastfeeding promotion, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and remedying vitamin A deficiency. However, research and information systems need now to address four crucial causes of child poor health: low birth weight, nutrition, environmental factors and poverty. Research findings about these crucial risk factors should inform public health programmes and help identify feasible goals. The report calls for more investments to broaden the research capacity of resource-constrained countries to ensure health policies are responsive to local needs

The child friendly cities initiative in Italy

CORSI, Marco
2002

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This paper reviews the strengths and limitations of different child friendly cities initiatives in Italy and the many measures by national, regional and local governments to support them. City initiatives have sought to respond to the constraints that industrialisation and urbanisation have placed on children’s safe mobility, use of city space and participation. Many of the initiatives described have promoted children’s participation in city governance, often through children’s councils that developed proposals for city governments. Also described are special provisions by municipal authorities to ensure more attention to children’s issues, many of them involving environmental improvements that benefit children (for example, making children’s routes between home and school safer, expanding parks, creating bicycle tracks). The paper also describes children’s assessment of impacts, also their critical views of administrators who failed to keep their promises and teachers who were too controlling in participatory projects

International classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2001

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ICF is a classification of health and health related domains that describe body functions and structures, activities and participation. The domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives. Since an individual's functioning and disability occurs in a context, ICF also includes a list of environmental factors

Information and communication technologies and disability in developing countries : a technical note

SANDHU, Jim S
SAARNIO, Ilkka
WIMAN, Ronald
2001

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This study highlights the role information and communication technologies (ICT) can play in the fight against poverty of disabled people in developing countries. The study addresses the possibilities and barriers ICT can cause for disabled people. It shows the role ICT can play in the provision of services and information for disabled people in the context of middle and low income countries

Transport, poverty and disability in developing countries

MERILAINEN, A
HELAAKOSKI, R
2001

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This technical note aims to help policy makers create and maintain accessible environment for people with disabilities. Inclusive transport is key in a strategy of mainstreaming the about 400 million people with disabilities in developing countries. This document sets out the guiding principles that should inform planning decisions, analyses the policy context and the decision-making process and addresses issues of public awareness, evaluation criteria for performance and costs of improvement

Mainstreaming gender in disability and rehabilitation : a development perspective

REHMAN, Gulshun
2001

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"Part I of the paper asserts the links between disability and human rights by highlighting the relationship between disability, gender and development by examining the ways in which poverty, environmental factors and gender issues determine access to health services by physically impaired women, men and young people in South Asia...In Part II of the paper the case study of a community hospital in Bangladesh specialising in the provision of medical care and rehabilitation services for paralysed women, men and children is used as a basis to examine the extent to which a unique and specialised service was able to meet the gender needs of its patients...Overall, the paper recommends that strategies to mainstream disability within a good governance policy objective at the global and national levels is essential if the relationship between disability rights and human rights is to be honoured and respected"

Handbook for emergencies

UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR)
2001

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The purpose of this revised handbook is to provide guidance to field workers during emergency situations.

Accessibility guidelines

McCAUSLAND, Katie
CLARK, Hannah
May 2000

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This straightforward document presents guidelines for making buildings accessible in Cambodia. It highlights various building designs and materials with diagrams for outdoors, indoors, bathrooms and toilets. This document is useful for professionals and technicians who are interested in accessibility guidelines in Cambodia

Access for all : helping to make participatory processes accessible for everyone

SAVE THE CHILDREN
2000

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This manual draws attention to different aspects of the accessibility of meetings, written documents, visual communications, presentations, environment and accommodation. It gives an overview of the major issues around accessibility for disabled people and presents practical adaptations to enable disabled people to be included in participatory activities

Adaptation of community based rehabilitation in areas of armed conflict

BOYCE, William
2000

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Armed conflict and civil strife have affected over 40 countries world-wide in the last decade. The majority of these conflicts are in poorer countries, and the principle victims are from poor families and vulnerable groups that include people with disabilities. This article discusses how the principles of community based rehabilitation may be applied in areas of conflict, and the challenges faced in trying to do so

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