Resources search

Getting the message across : the mass media and the response to AIDS

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
December 2005

Expand view

The mass media have the potential to provide a platform for discussion, communication and education on HIV and AIDS, giving a voice to people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), challenging stigma and discrimination, lobbying policy makers and building partnerships and capacity through sharing and transferring skills and expertise. However, mass media can also disseminate misleading messages, while HIV/AIDS communication competes with other topics for broadcasting time and audiences. This report presents three case studies of effective and creative use of the media in South Africa: Soul City and Soul Buddyz adopt an 'edutainment' approach, aiming both to educate and entertain; the Community Health Media Trust produces a series of programmes addressing issues concerning people with HIV/AIDS; Takalani makes television and radio programmes, to encourage small children to develop self-esteem, offer positive models and destigmatise PLWHA. Detailing the lessons learned from these experiences, the report looks at how target audiences are chosen, how partnerships are formed, how topics and ideas are developed and what ethical issues arise

Positive voices : religious leaders living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS

BYAMUGISHA, Gideon
WILLIAMS, Glen
October 2005

Expand view

Churches and other faiths have often reacted with uneasiness to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and at times even reinforced stigma, denial and discrimination. This booklet, through the voices and experiences of 12 religious leaders, Christian and Muslim, attempts to 'break the silence' and to show that the acceptance of the experience of the disease can enhance communities' religious and spiritual life. This document is aimed primarily at church leaders, faith-based NGOs, national and international religious networks, but can also be useful to those who want to explore the issue of HIV/AIDS and its impact on faith communities

Rights passages from 'near death' to 'new life' : AIDS activism and treatment testimonies in South Africa

ROBINS, Steven
October 2005

Expand view

This paper investigates how the moral politics of AIDS activism in South Africa are contributing towards new forms of biological/health citizenship that are concerned with both rights-based struggles and creating collectively shared meanings of the extreme experiences of illness and stigmatisation of individuals living with AIDS. The paper argues that it is precisely the extremity of 'near death' experiences of full blown AIDS, and the profound stigma and 'social death' associated with the later stages of the disease that produce the conditions for AIDS survivors commitment to 'new life' and social activism. It is the activist mediation and re-telling of these traumatic experiences that facilitates AIDS activist commitment and grassroots mobilisation. It is the profound negativity of stigma and social death that animates the activist's construction of a new positive HIV-positive identity and understanding of what it means to be a citizen-activist and member of a social movement

Civil society involvement in rapid assessment, analysis and action planning (RAAAP) for orphans and vulnerable children : an independent review

GOSLING, Louisa
July 2005

Expand view

This review explores civil society organisations' experiences of the Rapid Assessement, Analysis and Action Planning (RAAAP) process - an initiative launched by USAID, UNICEF, UNAIDS, and the World Food Program - for orphans and other vulnerable children in November 2003. It comprises of a review of where civil society organisations were involved and where they were not and an overview of the process of their invovlement. It also offers recommendations for existing and future RAAAPs to ensure greater invovlement of civil society organisations, and includes individual reports on the 16 sub-Saharan African countries invovled in the first round of RAAAP in 2004

Working report measuring HIV stigma : results of a field test in Tanzania

TANZANIA STIGMA-INDICATORS FIELD TEST GROUP
June 2005

Expand view

This is the working report of a project that builds expressly on the findings of the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and its partners in a multi-country study on stigma and on the Horizons and POLICY Project work on stigma and HIV. The specific aim of this project is to examine, test and validate selected stigma indicators in Tanzania as a first step to coming up with a set indicators that can reliably assess stigma in a given setting and measure progress in reducing it

Building bridges with SIPAA : lessons from an African response to HIV and AIDS

DUNN, Alison
HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2005

Expand view

This document examines the key lessons from the Support to the International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (SIPAA) programme implemented between 2001 and 2005 in nine African countries. The programme's main focus was on African leadership and ownership, involvement and participation of people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS and mobilisation of national and regional partners. Lessons learned include: meaningful involvement of people living with HIV and AIDS; supporting associations according to potential rather than proven track record; networks support; support for local leaders; making connections through National AIDS Councils; building strong partnerships; sharing information and knowledge across Africa; making the most of African skills and resources

Access to rights and services of people living with HIV in Ukraine : social research results

ALL-UKRAINIAN NETWORK OF PLWH
INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE IN UKRAINE
2005

Expand view

This is a comprehensive assessment on the state of human rights for people living with HIV/AIDS in Ukraine. It investigates government policies regarding HIV-positive people, PLHA awareness of their rights, access to medical and social services and ART, and experience of discrimination and intolerance. 41.5% of people living with HIV or AIDS reported violations of their rights as a result of their HIV status. The document includes useful statistics and charts, and concludes with a detailed lists of the key findings

Psychosocial support training manual

WALKER, Lynn
2005

Expand view

This document recognises that psychosocial support for children affected by HIV and AIDS is as important as responding to their material needs. It explores children's experience of loss and grief, and suggests ways to deal with aggressive behaviour and to overcome stigma and discrimination. Some of the topics discussed are accompanied by useful handouts. It is designed as a training tool for professionals working directly with children or in community building projects

The memory work trainer's manual : supporting families affected by HIV and AIDS

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
NATIONAL COMMUNITY OF WOMEN LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN UGANDA (NACWOLA)
2005

Expand view

This manual guides trainers through a course to support parents, guardians and carers affected by HIV and AIDS, by helping them to share information, hopes and fears with their children; strengthen each child's sense of identity and belonging; plan for the future care of their children. The course is designed to be delivered to: parents and other family members living with HIV and AIDS; future guardians of children affected by HIV and AIDS; community workers and volunteers working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. The manual draws significantly on the experiences and ideas of NACWOLA trainers and trainees, as well as those of Healthlink Worldwide and others. The course consists of 12 modules, covering child development, parenting, communication between parents, carers, guardians and children, HIV status disclosure, coping with separation, loss and grief, planning for children's future, involving children in planning, preparation for new care arrangements, making a memory book, and related legal aspects

Guidelines for reducing stigma and discrimination and enhanacing care and support for people living with HIV and AIDS

KHAN, Naira
LOEWENSON, Rene
2005

Expand view

In many communities, stigma and fear of discrimination often exacerbate the impact of the AIDS epidemic and prevent people living with HIV (PLWH) from accessing support services. This document, commissioned by SANASO, and incorporating inputs from faith-based organisations, union representatives, people living with HIV and the media, examines how to address stigma and discrimination in key settings of social life, such as the family, the workplace, faith-based organisations, and the media. It suggests good practices, policies or behavioural changes which should foster a supportive environment for PLWH and improve the general response to HIV and AIDS

HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations: case studies of successful programmes

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2005

Expand view

This report is a collection of case studies of projects, programmes and activities around the world that have used innovative methods to challenge HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. The case studies are grouped under stigma-reduction approaches; anti-discrimination measures; and human rights and legal approaches. They are followed by some cross-project/activity analysis that identifies common elements and a number of key principles of success, each of which offers an entry point for innovative and potentially effective work

Bottlenecks and drip-feeds : channelling resources to communities responding to orphans and vulnerable children in southern Africa

FOSTER, Geoff
2005

Expand view

"This report summarises findings from recent research by Save the Children UK in southern Africa. The research was undertaken in order to identify policy and advocacy issues that, once addressed, would increase the flow of resources to community-based organisations in ways that ensure that vulnerable children benefit. This report considers what the most efficient and effective mechanisms are that can be implemented at a scale to provide such support"

More than words? action for orphans and vulnerable children in Africa : Monitoring progress towards the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

YOUNG, Helen
Ed
2005

Expand view

This qualitative research looks at how far the rights and needs of orphans and vulnerable children are being met in four of the worst-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on surveys and focus group discussions with children, parents, caregivers and officials in Ethiopia, Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia, this report offers an insight into how far commitments are being met and provides practical recommendations for action at both a national and an international level

Common at its core : HIV-related stigma across contexts

OGDEN, Jessica
NYBLADE, Laura
2005

Expand view

The report begins by defining stigma and providing background about projects that ICRW and its partners in four countries carried out into HIV-related stigma and discrimination. It then discusses that, in spite of different contexts, the four countries where the studies took place share key features that shape the nature and forms of HIV-related stigma and it presents findings focusing on the similarities across the four different country contexts. It concludes with a discussion of the way forward and an overview of the two anti-stigma toolkits that grew out of the projects’ findings: one that is suitable to many African settings; and one, adapted from the first, which is tailored for Vietnam but suitable for adaptation elsewhere in the Asian region

HIV/AIDS and human rights in a nutshell

ROSEMAN, Mindy Jane
et al
December 2004

Expand view

This is a quick guide to human rights in the context of HIV and AIDS. It is divided into three sections, defining issues and providing examples relating to accountability, advocacy and approaches to programming. A fourth section brings together key resources for further reading

Succession planning in Uganda : early outreach for AIDS-affected children and their families

HORIZONS
MAKERERE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
PLAN, UGANDA
December 2004

Expand view

This is the report on an intervention study that evaluated the effectiveness of a succession planning programme in Uganda. The programme works with children and their families while their HIV-positive parents are still living and in a position to plan for their children’s long-term well-being. The focus of this report is on the impact of the succession planning intervention on HIV-positive parents’ and standby guardians’ efforts to prepare for the future of children who will experience parental loss. The report also presents findings on the impact of the programme on children and discusses the programme and policy implications of the research

Directory of associations of people living with HIV/AIDS

SYNERGY PROJECT
July 2004

Expand view

A directory of organisations for people living with HIV/AIDS. The directory is organised by geographical region. Each entry provides the contact details of an organisation, along with information about the services it offers. There is also a section looking at further sources of information for people living with HIV/AIDS

Living proof : community action on AIDS

LAWSON, Lesley
MENDEL, Gideon
July 2004

Expand view

This publication, produced to celebrate the Alliance's 10th anniversary, tells the stories of people in Zambia, India, Ecuador, Ukraine and Burkina Faso carrying out extraordinary work to contain the HIV epidemic, often overcoming stigma and organising themselves to find strength in numbers. It highlights the importance of strengthening community responses. The stories are relatively brief and are illustrated with many full-colour photos by Gideon Mendel

A rapid situation analysis of the access to care project in northern Thailand

PANPANICH, Ratana
et al
June 2004

Expand view

As antiretroviral (ARV) therapy becomes more widely available in Thailand, it is necessary to have a better understanding of operational issues related to expansion of existing programs. A Rapid Situation Analysis study was undertaken to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the Access to Care project in northern Thailand. The ultimate aim of the study is to make recommendations for action that will improve the quality of ARV services that clients receive and to enhance their adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy

Pages

E-bulletin