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The challenge of HIV : social stigma or disability?

MCTIGUE, Peter
November 2010

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"The nature of discrimination against people living with HIV and with AIDS ('PLHA') is rooted in deeper stigmatisation than discrimination against other groups. Reasons for this include the association of HIV/AIDS with behaviours that may be considered socially unacceptable by many people. To combat such discrimination, HIV is deemed to be a 'disability' under the Equality Act 2010. Whilst this protection has been welcomed by various activists and policy groups within the field, it will be argued that the decision to classify HIV as a disability is an inadequate response to the unique and multi-faceted discrimination faced by PLHA. To achieve this this article will examine the history of the virus; current epidemiology within the UK; the extent to which HIV accords with traditional models of disability and the definition employed by the Equality Act 2010; and finally, the manner in which HIV is socially constructed and how this has compounded discrimination against PLHA"
5 Web JCLI

HIV, disability and discrimination : making the links in international and domestic human rights law

ELLIOTT, Richard
UTYASHEVA, Leah
ZACK, Elisse
November 2009

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This article looks at the links between HIV and AIDS and disability; gives a brief overview of how both are treated in international human rights law; and looks at some of the ways in which national anti-discrimination laws reflect the links between HIV and AIDS and disability, with representative examples from various countries. The conclusions and recommendations suggest how future collaborations between HIV and disability rights activists might advance human rights at the international level, for example by making use of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Intellectual property rights and access to ARV medicines : civil society resistance in the global south|Brazil, Colombia, China, India, Thailand

REIS, Renata
TERTO, Veriano Jr
PIMENTA, Maria Cristina Pimenta
Eds
2009

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This book looks at "...the recent history and the many struggles related to advocacy for access to [antiretroviral] medicines of engaged civil society. Through the experiences of five middle-income countries - Brazil, China, Colombia, India, and Thailand." It presents "...the perspective of local civil society organisations about the national impact of intellectual property protection and access to medications. "These five countries were chosen due to their accumulated experience in this field, their capacity to produce generic medication, their activist efforts, and the exchange of ideas and information that already exists between them"

Towards a stronger response to HIV and AIDS: challenging stigma

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)
2007

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This is an internal paper for the Department for International Development (DFID) that looks at information and evidence for the global prevalence of HIV stigma and how it is damaging people living with HIV and AIDS and their families, especially women. It also looks at evidence that this compromises effective responses to AIDS by lowering the uptake of preventative services and testing, delays disclosure, decreases care seeking and undermines treatment. The paper examines successful strategies that have been used to tackle stigma and suggests that DFID is well placed to help scale-up efforts and play a leading role in the international arena

Enhanced protection for children affected by AIDS

GREENBERG, Aaron
et al
2007

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This paper articulates the vulnerabilities and protection risks of children affected by AIDS and proposes practical actions to address them. It is a companion paper to "The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS". It aims to help translate government commitment into practice, building on the strategies laid out in the Framework

International guidelines on HIV/AIDS and human rights|2006 consolidated version

OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (OHCHR)
JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2006

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This document consolidates the 12 guidelines adopted at the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, held in September 1996, and revised Guideline-6 on access to prevention, treatment, care and support adopted at the Third International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights held in July 2002. The purpose of these guidelines is to assist states in creating a positive, rights-based response to HIV that is effective in reducing the transmission and impact of HIV and AIDS and is consistent with human rights and fundamental freedoms

HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations: case studies of successful programmes

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2005

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This report is a collection of case studies of projects, programmes and activities around the world that have used innovative methods to challenge HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. The case studies are grouped under stigma-reduction approaches; anti-discrimination measures; and human rights and legal approaches. They are followed by some cross-project/activity analysis that identifies common elements and a number of key principles of success, each of which offers an entry point for innovative and potentially effective work

Breaking the silence : memory books and succession planning. The experience of NACWOLA and Save the Children UK in Uganda

WITTER, Sophie
2004

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This report highlights the work of National Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (NACWOLA) in Uganda and Save the Children UK in supporting parents and children to develop memory work. Memory books are a unique strategy in supporting the development of children's ability to cope when one or more of their parents is living with HIV, through improving communication within the family and supporting greater planning for the future of children within the family and community. The report outlines the successes and challenges of memory books and succession planning in Uganda, looking at the impact of the project on families, and NACWOLA's organisational development

Making UNGASS work

ASIA PACIFIC COUNCIL OF AIDS SERVICE ORGANISATIONS (APCASO)
2004

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Workshop manual designed to assist civil society groups working in HIV/AIDS to make the most of the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS made in June 2001. It aims to generate an NGO/CBO national advocacy platform based on the UNGASS declaration and its indicators, and to facilitate the development of an action plan for the NGO/CBO sector based on UNGASS priorities. The workshop structure reflects the need to understand how UNGASS can be relevant to current activities; the need to stay within the limitations of current resources and activities and avoid generating a completely new set of project activities; and the need to work out how UNGASS can add value to what is already happening

Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : toolkit for action

KIDD, Ross
CLAY, Sue
September 2003

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This toolkit was designed for NGOs, community groups and HIV educators to raise awareness and promote actions to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. Based on research in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia, the toolkit contains more than 125 exercises. In addition to these exercises there is a supplementary volume of further activities to support the toolkit. The toolkit is developed to support participatory learning and encourages participants to move from awareness to action. Organisations are encouraged to pick modules and exercises that fit their needs or to integrate exercises into an existing training programme

Human immunodeficiency virus and quarantine in Cuba

HANSEN, Helen
GROCE, Nora
2003

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This article examines Cuba's policy for HIV prevention. Widespread HIV testing was introduced as an early response to HIV and those who tested positive to the virus were confined to living in sanatoriums. While enforced quarantine no longer exists, Cuba still relies on a quarantine system for transitional counselling and care facilities

The Africa campaign on disability and HIV & AIDS

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The Africa Campaign is a unifying umbrella under which disabled people's organisations, organisations of people living with HIV & AIDS, non-governmental organisations, AIDS services organisations, researchers, activists, and other citizens work collectively to achieve two main objectives: a coordinated response involving persons with disabilities in African countries to achieve inclusive national HIV & AIDS policies and programmes; and equal access for persons with disabilities in Africa to information and services on HIV & AIDS. This website contains information about the campaign and key documents

KC team : speak your world

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This website has health and development stories from Key Correspondents (KC) as well as tips about writing and posting stories. The KC Team is a vibrant network of more than 250 citizen journalists, from all walks of life, based in over 50 countries. They write about health and development issues affecting them and their communities and in doing so, ‘speak their world’. A large number are people living with HIV, TB or other health conditions. Together they help document local realities and give a voice to the voiceless. The aims of the KC Team are to: * Train and empower community voices by developing writing skills, critical analysis of information and advocacy reporting; * Increase people’s awareness of local/international HIV/AIDS/TB and other health issues by publishing KC articles through a range of multimedia platforms and supporting KCs with media outreach; * Enable grassroots involvement in national strategies on HIV/TB and health by documenting issues, producing policy briefs and publicising recommendations from KC stories; and * Document and publish local issues locally and globally through KC reporting of global, regional and national conferences and events. To become a Key Correspondent, register on the website

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