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Worker-led participatory research and evaluation : lessons from the real world : reflections of the SREPP participants

ECKMAN, A
MCQUISTON, T
LIPPON, T
2000

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In 1997, four US union health and safety training programmes entered into a three-year, multi-union learning action-research collaborative, the Self-sufficiency Research and Evaluation Pilot Project (SREPP). This initiative sought to build the research and evaluation capacities of the participating unions' training by offering a new model of participatory learning and action in the area of worker health and safety. Existing examples of participatory action research in this field have tended to concentrate on single worksites and start with a stakeholder labour management model. By contrast, this project has sought to foster participatory learning across programmes from a union perspective. It uses and expands on the peer-training model to institutionalise a new base of worker produced knowledge. During the last of SREPP’s four training workshops participants reflected on their experiences in the project through a series of participatory activities. In this article the background to the project is followed by the words of SREPP participants describing what it takes to learn about and do participatory evaluation in the context of union-based, worker-led health and safety training programmes. This includes a look at what was learned and how, as well as supports and barriers to participatory evaluation and the model that they have developed

Monitoring and evaluating stakeholder participation in agriculture and rural development projects : a literature review

KARL, Marilee
2000

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This article reviews the current literature on the subject, and also highlights three key methodological issues to be addressed: how to assess the degree and quality of participation; how to measure the costs and benefits of participation to the stakeholders involved; and how to assess the impact of that participation on desired project outputs, project performance and sustainability. An annotated bibliography is also provided

Listening to children

SMALE, Jim
Ed
January 2000

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This edition focuses on participation by children of 0-7 years in the conceptualisation, implementation and evaluation of early childhood development programmes. Articles show how adults are taking the crucial steps in developing that participation: establishing environments and practices that enable young children to express themselves confidently and fully, and to develop some experiences in participation

Children and participation : research, monitoring and evaluation with children and young people

SAVE THE CHILDREN UK. Development Dialogue Team
2000

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This book is about participatory information gathering in the process of research, monitoring and evaluation with children and young people. It describes participatory methods of information gathering with children, including drawing, role play, photography and video-making. It also guides teachers, project planners and practitioners towards other sources of information

Mapping the contours of effective programming : The Effectiveness Initiative 1999-2002 [whole issue]

October 1999

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This edition is about trying two share two new things: first, sharing a process that Bernard van Leer are currently engaged in, as it is happening, in the hope that this, in turn, will encourage readers to react and contribute toward the further formation of the Effectiveness Initiative (EI). Second, presents material in a special edition of ECM with the Coordinator's Notebook (CN). In recognition of the collaboration and dialogue built into the EI, decision was taken to join forces in this initial publication to reach out to both the Early Childhood Matters and Coordinators' Notebook audiences

Locally generated printed materials in agriculture : an experience from Uganda and Ghana

CARTER, Isabel
1999

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This report examines the usefulness of locally generated information material to (near-) subsistence level farmers in Uganda and Ghana. It questions the assumption that non-literate farmers do not benefit from information material and shows the variety of vectors and strategies that communities use to disseminate new knowledge. It examines the conventional theoretical and practical bases for the provision of information and contrasts these with practice at community level. The starting point for the report is a survey of Footsteps readership by Tearfund. Footsteps is a widely disseminated newsletter on community development, aimed at near-subsistence level farmers. It seeks to provide farmers with printed agricultural information in their own language and appropriate for their situation

Communications and development : a practical guide

BURKE, Adam
1999

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DFID guide to development communications in three sections: background (channels of communication, rights, participation, implications to poor people and civil society); guide to implementing development communications (including forming a strategy, planning, using mass media, building capacity); guide to different media (drama/performance, mass media, ICT)

Advocacy : building skills for NGO leaders

CENTRE FOR DEVELOPMENT AND POPULATION ACTIVITIES (CEDPA)
1999

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A three-day, six-session curriculum designed as a companion piece to 'Cairo, Beijing, and Beyond: A Handbook on Advocacy for Women Leaders'. This manual uses participatory methodologies and is based on CEDPA's experience in building the skills of NGO leaders to advocate for change in the reproductive health arena. While the background information and role play scenarios deal directly with reproductive health issues, a trainer can adapt the sessions for other contexts

Manual : psycho-social support of orphans

MADÖRIN, Kurt
1999

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This manual is a tool for trainers to train concerned community members to assist distressed children, and to facilitate their interventions on the level of awareness, knowledge, skills and behaviour in relation to orphans. Its stated objective is to enhance the capacity of adults to listen and talk to orphans and children of terminally ill parents, and to understand their situation and their needs. In this way the community improves its capacity to cope with some of the consequences of AIDS. In the manual there are 16 modules that rely on participatory methods, each with detailed instructions for the facilitator and a handout for participants. The manual was produced by the Humuliza (Community Based Mental Health for Orphans) project team

The essential handbook. Radio and HIV/AIDS : making a difference : a guide for radio practitioners, health workers and donors

ADAM, Gordon
HARFORD, Nicola
1999

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Part of the UNAIDS best practice collection, this publication outlines an inexpensive communications methodology for media and HIV/AIDS workers. It is illustrated with examples of successful HIV/AIDS radio programming from all over the world. Includes sections on planning, researching, designing and producing radio programming, with a participatory emphasis

Towards better programming : a manual on hygiene promotion

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
1999

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This manual is part of UNICEF's guidelines series on water, the environment and sanitation. The manual is based on the experiences of the UNICEF supported Saniya project; a public health communication project in a West African town. The manual presents methodologies to assist development workers in the promotion of behavioural change for safer hygiene practices and to help make hygiene promotion programmes more effective. It is a tool that will contribute towards a reduction in diarrhoeal diseases. The manual desribes a methodology for bottom up programming for hygiene promotion; first finding out what people know about hygiene through formative research in people's knowledge and practices and then combining this state-of-the art expert knowledge and appropriate communication strategies to develop effective and sustainable programming models

Empowering communities : participatory techniques for community-based programme development vol 1 : trainer's manual

DE NEGRI, Bérengère
et al
December 1998

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This manual presents a two-week course (suggested length) for the staff of organisations aiming to encourage community participation in health or other related sectors. Participants are ideally those who work directly with the communities involved in their programmes. This course trains participants to work with communities to improve their well-being through the use of participatory learning and action (PLA). While the course focuses heavily on the health sector, the skills that are taught can be applied to other development sectors, such as education or environment. The course covers the participatory programme development process; attitudes, behaviours and skills of successful PLA trainers; and specific techniques. The course includes a field component, and consideration of planning, monitoring and evaluation, as well as reflection on the experience

Empowering communities : participatory techniques for community-based programme development vol 2 : participant's handbook

DE NEGRI, Bérengère
et al
December 1998

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The purpose of this handbook is to provide course participants with key points for each session, case studies, exercises and a structured format for keeping notes during their field experience. Therefore, the handbook is not meant to serve as a stand-alone guide to participatory programme development (PPD), but as a hands-on tool for use during the course. The handbook is divided into three main sections: key points from the training sessions; case studies, exercises and PLA resources; and field notes

Participatory monitoring and evaluation : learning from change

GUIJT, Irene
GAVENTA, John
November 1998

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A concise summary outlining the basic case for participatory methods and summarising the key principles underlying participatory approaches. The briefing includes details of some commonly used techniques and methods, and discusses the selection of appropriate indicators. Also highlighted some common assumptions and mistakes relating to participatory approaches

Knowledge shared : participatory evaluation in development cooperation

JACKSON, Edward T
KASSAM, Yusang
Eds
1998

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This book presents leading-edge analysis on the theory and practice of participatory evaluation around the world. With its instructive case studies from Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Nepal, and St Vincent, the book is a guide to a community-based approach to evaluation that is at once a learning process, a means of taking action, and a catalyst for empowerment. It is intended primarily as a tool for practitioners and policymakers in all segments of development cooperation, but will equally appeal to students, professors, scholars, and researchers in development studies, development administration, evaluation, environmental studies, social work, community development, rural development, international public health, and other disciplines related to sustainable and equitable development

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