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Developing participatory rural appraisal approaches with disabled people : a pilot project by Disability Development Services Pursat (DDSP) in Pursat province, Cambodia

HARKNETT, Steve
et al
2005

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This report documents a participatory rural appraisal research project carried out in rural Cambodia. The project was carried out by a team of uneducated, inexperienced, rural disabled people who first had to gain an understanding of the principles and tools of participatory research. The team then planned and carried out three village PRAs, and analysed the results, which were then fed into the planning of CBR activities in those villages. Lessons were learned about how to train rural disabled people in PRA, what research methods were most appropriate, and how disabled people's participation could be maximised

Participatory vulnerability analysis : a step-by-step guide for field staff

CHIWAKA, Ethelet
Yates, Roger
2005

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This guide is to assist field workers and communities to analyse people's vulnerability. The guide is divided into three major parts: part 1 provides insights into key aspects of vulnerability, as different people often have different levels of understanding about it; part 2 contains suggestions of how best to prepare for a PVA, how to conduct the analysis and how to generate action; part 3 is an appendix providing suggestions for compiling the data generated through PVA, ideas for advocacy work and an example terms of reference

Participatory evaluation with young people

CHECKOWAY, Barry
RICHARDS-SCHUSTER, Katie
2005

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This workbook contains practical tools and learning activities to help young people 'learn for change' through good participatory evaluation practices. It is based on the premise that evaluation is an everyday experience for most young people and that it is crucial that they participate in the decisions that affect their lives. The suggested evaluation questions, methods of gathering information, exercises and other hands-on problem-solving tools are designed for small groups and training workshops. Although based on community development experience in the United States, these methods are easily adaptable to development work in the South

Facilitator's guide for participatory evaluation with young people

CHECKOWAY, Barry
RICHARDS-SCHUSTER, Katie
2005

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This guide is intended for use in conjunction with the workbook 'Participatory evaluation with young people', and provides additional information for trainers and facilitators. Although evaluation is an every-day experience for most young people, they are often unaware of it as evaluation, lack adequate experience or perceive it as a negative process defined and controlled by adults. Through an interactive and participatory approach this document aims to help young people to be active participants in their own learning. Although based on community development experience in the United States, these methods are easily adaptable to development work in the South

Community capacity enhancement handbook : the answer lies within

GUEYE, Moustapha
et al
2005

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This manual draws on the experience and practice of the UNDP Community Capacity Enhancement programme, known as CCE. The programme addresses the underlying causes of HIV/AIDS, including power relations, gender issues, stigma or discrimination. The programme makes extensive use of the Community Conversations methodology - an interactive and systematic dialogue with the community - as a means to policy making participation and action. This manual is designed for CCE trainers who will train others in the Community Conversations methodology, in addition to practising it themselves. Community Conversations provide a platform for people to think through all the repercussions of a situation, and the way their individual values and behaviours, and those of their family and neighbors, affect people's lives. Community Conversations create a space for mutual learning and result in new perspectives. They help reshape relationships in line with transformed values. They are inclusive processes for enhancing the capacity of all. If successfully facilitated, Community Conversations result in a series of decisions and agreements on ways to move a community forward. The development of skilled facilitators is therefore critical to successful implementation. This is a comprehensive resource, written in a very accessible language. The methodology can be easily adapted and applied to a variety of contexts

Community capacity enhancement strategy note : the answer lies within

GUEYE, Moustapha
et al
2005

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Th is publication outlines the rationale and strategy behind the UNPD Community Capacity Enhancement (CCE) programme and provides a guide for its implementation. The programme is an integral part of UNDP's Leadership for Results programme and is based on a methodology known as Community Conversations. The CCE programme is aimed at dealing with the underlying causes of HIV/AIDS, be they power relations, gender issues, stigma or discrimination. Most community methodologies rightly focus on awareness-raising and discussion; CCE focuses heavily on interactive dialogue on the epidemic's deeper causes and, through a facilitated process, community decision-making and action. The note also contains implementation guidelines and describes key steps in facilitating Community Conversations

Who measures change? an introduction to participatory monitoring and evaluation of communication for social change

PARKS, Will
et al
2005

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This guide is an introduction to participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) and how to establish such a process and identify and use context-specific indicators for communication for social change on HIV and AIDS, (although the principles and steps may have broader applications). Following an overview, it looks at PM&E and how best to implement it and provides M&E tools for methodologies and indicators and sample data collection techniques

The ethics of research reciprocity : making children’s voices heard in poverty reduction policy-making in Vietnam

LAN, Pham Thi JONES, Nicola
2005

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This paper looks at research and reciprocity between partners and participants in the Young Lives project in Vietnam with particular regard to: the sustainability of relationships with local collaborators and project partners; the challenge of ensuring that research is designed and disseminated in a way that translates into pro-poor and child-focused policy; and the particular challenges of adhering to the principles of research reciprocity when working on a child-focused project

"We like the thinking" : theatre for development training and coaching

OPDEBEEECK, Luc
MATTHIJSSEN, Ronald
December 2004

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This evaluation report presents the method for theatre development training and coaching as demonstrated in the Village Development Programme in the Savannakhet Province. The report examines the programme and presents lessons learned and recommendations about its application Village
Development Programme Evaluation
Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR
9 August - 8 September 2004

Young children's participation : rhetoric or growing reality?

November 2004

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This special issue of Early Childhood Matters explores the topic of participation of young children. Some key articles present the analytical framework, exploring the relationship between child development and child participation. It is suggested that participation is not only a right but also an essential component of the development process, enabling children to learn to make informed decisions. Practical examples and field experiences from Mexico, Zimbabwe, The Netherlands, South Africa and Scotland are also included

Tools for policy impact : a handbook for researchers

START, Daniel
HOVLAND, Ingie
October 2004

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"This handbook presents work in progress on tools for policy impact, specifically geared towards the needs of researchers. "The handbook is particularly targeted at civil society organisations, or the parts of them, whose activities involve gathering evidence, doing research, learning lessons or advising on strategy for social, environmental and economic development in the North and South"

Researching across cultures : issues of ethics and power [whole issue]

MARSHALL, Anne
BATTEN, Suzanne
September 2004

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Cultural diversity manifests in all relationships, including research relationships. Academic investigators work across a broad range of cultures that goes beyond ethnicity. What implications are most important for academic researchers to consider when designing and implementing a project? A review of relevant literature suggests that ethical implications begin with the power aspects in the research relationship. Consent, research processes, research design, data ownership, and uses of data are also salient issues that arise. [Authors' abstract]

Learning from difference : understanding community initiatives to improve access to education

EENET
August 2004

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This CD-ROM holds guidelines for an action research project carried out by teachers in Zambia and Tanzania and external facilitators. The guidelines are aimed at people who want to adapt the process for their own communities, and are supplemented with videoclips and links to further information and useful examples. The aim of the research was to encourage teachers to articulate their experience in inclusive education by developing written accounts that could be shared with other countries of the South. The accounts, guides and examples are useful training materials and serve as a stimulus for further reflection

Hygiene promotion in Burkina Faso and Zimbabwe : new approaches to behaviour change

SIDIBE, Mynam
CURTIS, Val
August 2004

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After years of debate, most people working in water and sanitation now agree that hygiene promotion is vitally important. But even now, many programmes either ignore it or do it badly. This field note describes two African hygiene promotion programmes that have successfully used new approaches: Saniya in burkina Faso and ZimAHEAD in Zimbabwe. Both programmes concentrated on understanding how people actually hehave and hence hot to change that behaviour. Both programmes demonstrated ideas that can be applied at a larger scale. Changin human hygiene behaviour is a long process that is difficult to measure and both of these programmes still have obstacles to overcome. However, this work indicates that systematic and carefully managed hygiene promotion programmes can achieve improvement in hygiene behaviour and hence reduction in diarrhoeal diseases

Institutionalising participation and people-centred processes in natural resource management : research and publications highlights

PIMBERT, Michel
Ed
2004

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This report presents the background and rationale for the IIED-IDS action research on institutionalising participatory approaches and people centered processes in natural resource management. The methodologies used in the different case studies (India, Indonesia, Senegal, Mexico and other settings) are then introduced, along with the complementary studies undertaken in this collaborative research programme. The last section of this report contains highlights of all the publications in the Institutionalising Participation Series, and a summary of each

Double burden : a situation analysis of HIV/AIDS and young people with disabilities in Rwanda and Uganda

YOUSAFZAI, Aisha
EDWARDS, Karen
2004

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This analysis was carried out by Save the Children UK after reports from the field suggested that disabled people were not accessing HIV prevention information or services, despite being at higher risk of infection. It outlines ways in which disabled people are not fully included in safer-sex communications: for instance blind people hear talk about condoms, but have never held one; the necessity to have a sign-language interpreter for deaf people compromises their right to confidentiality; young girls with disabilities are more likely to be raped and are less able to negotiate safe sex. It recommends the greater integration of disabled people into health and HIV communications and further research to develop disabled-friendly means of communication

Disability and HIV & AIDS : a participatory rapid assessment of the vulnerability, impact and coping mechanisms of the disabled people on HIV/AIDS

NGANZI, Patrick
MATONHODZE, George
2004

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This study assesses the vulnerability, impact and coping mechanisms of disabled people on HIV and AIDS, and suggests strategies for developing an HIV and AIDS programme for disabled people’s organisations. Using participatory methodologies of inquiry, the study found that disabled people perceive themselves to be at higher risk of HIV infection due to their disability, regardless of their awareness levels. Their social exclusion from the mainstream HIV/AIDS services makes the situation worse. The study revealed that the many myths and misconceptions around HIV and disability increase the vulnerability of disabled people to HIV/AIDS, such as the belief that sex with a disabled person cleanses a person of HIV/AIDS. It also revealed that disabled people have limited access to HIV/AIDS information and limited use of HIV/AIDS services mainly because of the nature of their disability, the location of the facilities and the attitudes of service providers. In conclusion, the study revealed that disabled people are at a higher risk of infection by sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS due to their exclusion from mainstream HIV interventions. This situation is further exacerbated by the lack of policy framework on disability and HIV and AIDS

Disability and HIV & AIDS : a participatory rapid assessment of the vulnerability, impact, and coping mechanisms of parents of disabled children on HIV & AIDS

NGANZI, Patrick
MATONHODZE, George
2004

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This study assesses the vulnerability, impact and coping mechanisms of parents of disabled children on HIV/AIDS and suggests strategies for developing an HIV and AIDS programme. Using participatory methodologies of inquiry, the study found that the parents of disabled children are at a higher risk of infection to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and/or HIV and that the risk increases as the parents try to cope with having a disabled child. Therefore, a disabled child in a family acts as one of the pre-disposing factors to the parents' infection and when an infection happens in a home, the quality of care for the very disabled child is compromised causing a vicious cycle of disability and HIV/AIDS at the household level.The study recommends that target-specific interventions should be designed and implemented for the parents of disabled children to address issues of HIV/AIDS and disability, empowerment and gender issues as well as sexual reproductive health

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