"Country case studies were conducted in Uganda and Malawi to document and analyse experiences and perspectives on childhood TB integration into other programmes at country level and related health system requirements. The aim was to inform the broader thinking about integration of childhood TB services. The Uganda case study identified and described different approaches to integration and unpacked the integration process. The perspective on TB integration of different relevant health actors at national and district level are described. The case study used a health systems approach and focused on the community and primary levels of the health system, paying attention to factors related to children of different ages in a lifecycle approach. The methodology for the case study included document review, consultations with key health actors at national and district level, a facility visit and a participatory workshop at national level. An analytical framework approach was used to investigate the extent of integration of childhood TB interventions in multiple dimensions. An assessment tool for the case studies was developed, summarising the assessment questions by theme, combining a number of existing tools and frameworks on health care integration in general and childhood TB and iCCM benchmarks"
There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual's physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability. By working more closely together, these problems can be transformed into opportunities: nutrition services and programmes for children and adults can act as entry points to address and, in some cases, avoid or mitigate disability; disability programmes can improve nutrition for the children and adults they serve. For this to happen, however, political commitment and resources are needed, as are better data.
Paediatrics and International Child Health
Volume 34, 2014 - Issue 4: Nutrition and malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries
This report examines the findings of a qualitative institutional study on nutrition in four countries in Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda. The focus is twofold: first, to seek a general understanding as to why it is difficult for undernutrition to be targeted as a national development priority; and secondly to examine in more detail the four interrelated elements of the policy processes that are relevant to addressing undernutrition in each country. These are: policy making structures, political actors, the narrative of undernutrition that informs the policy choice and the timing of policy change
This guide is written for programme managers in governments and their partners, primarily those working in maternal and child health and nutrition. It proposes a step-wise process to develop a country-specific strategy, with plans to be implemented in support of appropriate infant and young child feeding, especially in the first two years of life
The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the key linkages between poverty, disability, nutrition and agricultural production. The paper also reports on some of the FAO's work on disability and disability rights and highlights 5 FAO projects / pilot models - ranging from mushroom production to blacksmithing - that target rural people living with disabilities. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in development policy and practice
Contents: Overview 1. Why invest in nutrition? 2. How serious is malnutrition and why does it happen? 3. Routes to better nutrition 4. Getting to scale 5. Accelerating progress in nutrition: next steps
This call for support aims to strengthen plans to help women who may be HIV positive to choose the right feeding option for their child. A framework has been created by the UN which recognises that special attention and practical support is needed in exceptionally difficult circumstances, including the presence of HIV. The framework outlines five priority areas
This issue of CHIN News focuses on nutrition and health in India. Nutrition plays a key role in the physical, emotional and mental development of human beings. In mosts parts of the world, inequity, poverty, underdevelopment and unequal distribution and poor access to food and healthcare leads to severe impoverishment. The articles contained in this issue outline the challenges this poses, and policies and programmes that are attempting to address the challenges
This is a comprehensive, authoritative and independent review of the South African health system. It is published annually and the theme of this year's edition is the restructuring of the health care system: progress to date. It is made up of 21 chapters grouped into four themes: framework for transformation, human resources, priority programmes and support systems. The review acts as a barometer for assessing the transformation processes and their impact on provision of equitable health care to all in South Africa
This is a key publication on infant feeding in the context of HIV and AIDS. The framework recommends to governments key actions related to infant and young children feeding, that cover the special circumstances associated with HIV and AIDS. The aim is to create and sustain an environment that encourages appropriate feeding practices for all infants, while scaling up interventions to reduce HIV transmission. It identifies five priority areas for governments and considers the role of UN agencies
This tool is designed to help users assess the strengths and weaknesses of policies and programmes for protecting, promoting and supporting optimal feeding practices, and determine where improvements may be needed to meet the aim and objectives of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding
A progress report by WHO describing the current state of nutrition and its effect on populations across the world. It includes an in-depth discussion on the issues surrounding malnutrition as well as some insight into the 'nutrition transition' that many countries are experiencing due to factors such as globalisation, urbanisation and industrialisation. The document also describes the different programmes and research activities undertaken by WHO in this regard
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion