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Challenges to principled humanitarian action: Perspectives from four countries.

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL
Handicap International
July 2016

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The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an increased understanding of the perceived and actual challenges humanitarians face in operational contexts as they apply the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. A snapshot is provided of four case studies; Colombia, Nepal, northern Syria and South Sudan. Through a combination of field research, headquarters interviews, desk research, and a webinar, views and observations are presented from the humanitarian community. These observations provide a glimpse into the challenges faced by principled humanitarians. As a result the paper puts forward seven recommendations intended to assist humanitarians and states to sharpen tools and strengthen approaches when implementing principled humanitarian protection and assistance. An addendum to this study provides perspectives from selected members of the donor community. This research was conducted through interviews with state representatives in Geneva, aiming to understand how donors perceive their responsibilities in upholding the humanitarian principles and the Good Humanitarian Donorship Principles. This final chapter highlights challenges faced by states while supporting principled humanitarian action, particularly in conflict zones. On the basis of this research, additional recommendations for both states and humanitarians are proposed to strengthen the adherence to the humanitarian principles

The WHO Reproductive Health Library

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Special Programme of Research, Development & Research Training in Human Reproduction
2005

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This CD-ROM is targetted at health care professionals and assists them in understanding research evidence, making decisions about best practice, and establishing implementation procedures to assure the change. It contains editorials, articles on research, research synthesis and methodology, summaries of beneficial and harmful forms of care, systematic reviews and commentaries, implementation aids, registers of funding agencies and NGOs involved in reproductive health, and links to websites about research and research synthesis. This edition includes 13 new Cochrane Reviews (bringing the total to 101), and corresponding commentaries and practical recommendations. This issue includes a new video on 'Vacuum extraction for assisted vaginal delivery'.

Stronger evaluation partnerships : the way to keep the practice relevant

EDGREN, Gus
April 2004

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This paper argues that recipient countries/organisations do not readily assume ownership of project evaluations, and that they often see them as a burden rather than as a useful tool. The changing context of development cooperation, with a growing share of aid transfers being channelled through multi-donor budget and sector support programmes rather than through single-donor projects, is also raising challenges to the conventional practice of evaluation. The relevance of assessing achieved results compared to the originally stated goals of these programmes is being questioned by some of their managers. This paper suggests that strengthening the partnership around the evaluation would make it more relevant and would increase its impact

Accountability and health systems : overview, framework and strategies

BRINKERHOFF, Derick
January 2003

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This paper lays the groundwork for investigating accountability as it relates to health systems reform. It reviews and synthesises the literature on accountability, noting areas of convergence and of ongoing debate, and looks at an analytic framework for accountability and health service delivery systems, the role of health sector actors in accountability, and accountability-strengthening strategies

Report on communication strategies and information technology

WORLDWIDE INITIATIVES FOR GRANTMAKER SUPPORT (WINGS)
2001

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From the introduction: "This summary reflects the discussions at the Mexico Peer Learning meeting. It is not intended as a definitive text on communication strategies and the use of information technology by associations of grantmakers and support organizations supporting philanthropy. However it does provide very helpful substantive and procedural guidelines for developing an effective communications strategy to promote philanthropy. It does provide an overview of the field of knowledge management and a review of the options available for the optimum use of information technology."

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