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Mainstreaming disability and making WASH programmes inclusive

ENFIELD, Sue
October 2018

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This rapid review synthesises evidence and literature on approaches that have worked in mainstreaming the disability agenda in WASH programming. It begins by exploring the overview of approaches to including disabled people in WASH programming and continues to discuss the barriers to access and consequences. In this section, there are specific and important WASH issues being emphasised including Menstural Hygiene Management (MHM), incontinence, Lymphatic Filariasis and Leprosy and high-density populations. Final section of the review discuss about practical guidance for inclusive WASH programming including the cost of inclusion that needs to be taken into consideration.

 

K4D helpdesk reports provide summaries of current research, evidence and lessons learned. This report was commissioned by the UK Department for International Development

Menstrual hygiene matters : a resource for improving menstrual hygiene round the world

HOUSE, Sarah
MAHON, Therese
CAVILL, Sue
2012

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This resource provides a comprehensive resource on menstrual hygiene that supports the development of context-specific information for improving practices for women and girls in lower- and middle-income countries. The resource presents a synthesis of good practices and guidance considering a range of contexts and situations for women and girls around the world, and encourages increased engagement in advocacy . It is divided into modules, each with its own toolkit, focusing on various aspects of menstrual hygiene. Readers can choose the sections most relevant to them and follow the recommendations and cross references for more information. 

 

This resource is for use by all professionals who are concerned with improving the lives of girls and women. It will be of particular use to WASH sector professionals, as well as those from other sectors, including health, sexual and reproductive health and rights, education, community development, protection and gender

Menstrual hygiene in South Asia : a neglected issue for WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) programmes

MAHON, Thérèse
FERNANDES, Maria
2010

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This report explores the reasons why menstral hygiene is not generally included in WASH initiatives, and the social and health impact of this neglect on women and girls. Examples are provided of successful approaches integrating menstral hygiene in WASH programmes in the South Asian region. This report is interesting for development practitioners interested in integrating menstral hygiene into WASH programmes

A period is no longer a full stop

PANDE, Alka
June 2009

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This article describes a UNICEF-funded initiative in Tamil Nadu, in India, to develop and trial sanitary napkin vending machines in government schools and colleges. A compact electronic incinerator for disposal of soiled napkins also was trialled. Overall these initiatives led to improved menstrual hygiene practices. This information is useful for people interested in menstral hygiene practices

Is menstrual hygiene and management an issue for adolescent school girls?|A comparative study of four schools in different settings in Nepal

WATERAID IN NEPAL
March 2009

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This report presents a study of adolescent schoolgirls’ perspectives and experience of management of menstrual hygiene. Data were collected from 204 adolescent school girls from four government secondary schools. Recommendations include: accurate and adequate information, address the lack of privacy (e.g. locks on toilet doors) and making sanitary pads available and affordable. This report is useful for people interested in adolescent school girls' menstrual hygiene management

Women, water and sanitation : going the extra mile

IRURA, Catherine
June 2008

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This article discusses issues facing African women related to water and sanitation (WATSAN). These include the need for proximity of WATSAN facilities, increased security and privacy, and access to good menstrual hygiene. This article is useful for people interested in WATSAN issues for women

Sexual health for people with intellectual disability

EASTGATE, Gillian
2008

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This article explores how people with intellectual disability often experience difficulties meeting their sexual needs and desires due to poor education and social isolation. However, the article highlights that people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships with appropriate education and good social support. It emphasises that providing this support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability
Salud Publica Mex, 50 suppl 2

Menstrual hygiene : breaking the silence | Beyond construction : use by all|A collection of case studies from sanitation and hygiene promotion practitioners in South Asia

AHMED, Rokeya
YESMIN, Kabita
2008

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This paper provides information about an awareness-builidng programme from WaterAid Bangladesh focusing on the issue of menstrual hygiene. It highlights the incorporation of menstrual awareness and management in sanitation and hygiene programmes. This paper is useful for people interested in menstrual hygiene issues

Adolescence in Pakistan : sex, marriage and reproductive health. The findings of research carried out into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan

HAMDANI, Insha
LEE-JONES, Louise
SADLER, Alan
February 2006

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Report of research into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan. The results of the research show that respondents had little SRH information to help them through the changes of adolescence, and cultural barriers exacerbate the problem. Girls were more likely to experience social restrictions and their options were limited, reflecting traditional cultural values. As a result of their participation in the research, however, many agreed that more information about menstruation could be beneficial to them

Girl-friendly toilets for schoolgirls : helping adolescent girls

IRC INTERNATIONAL WATER AND SANITATION CENTRE
2006

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This case study details a Plan International project to design ‘girl-friendly’ school toilets, based on consultation with girl students, 10 schools in Ghana. The design includes a room for washing and changing, larger toilet holes to suit girls, a door on the urinal, and provision of water and soap inside the changing room and at the exit to the urinal. Photos and three-dimensional drawings are provided. This case study is useful for people interested in 'girl-friendly' school WASH designs

Screened toilet, bathing and menstruation units for the earthquake response in NWFP, Pakistan

NAWAZ, Jamila
et al
2006

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This paper describes an initiative that put screened toilets, bathing and menstruation units into emergency camps in rural mountain areas in northern Pakistan, following an earthquake in October 2005. Design drawings are provided, and recommendations for improvements are given, based upon the feedback from users of the facilities. This information would be useful for people interested in hygiene units

Introduction to sexuality education for individuals who are deaf-blind and significantly developmentally delayed

MOSS, Kate
BLAHA, Robbie
September 2001

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"This book is designed for parents, professionals, and other caregivers working with school-aged children who have combined vision and hearing loss or deaf-blindness coupled with significant developmental delays. It aims to provide them with special methods to familiarize children with sexual aspects of their daily life...Each chapter takes an in-depth look at a particular aspect of developing sexuality for these children: (a) developing sexuality education programs in a school system; (b) teaching appropriate touch and modesty; and (c) instruction about menstruation, masturbation, coupling, sexual health, and sexual abuse. The last chapter includes readings and resources"

Sexuality and reproductive health

CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES (CROWD)

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The mission of the Center for Research on Women with Disabilities is to promote, develop, and disseminate information to improve the health and expand the life choices of women with disabilities. This section addresses issues for sexuality and reproductive health for women with disabilities by providing useful information and related resources for specific thematics

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