"The guidelines aim to raise awareness of violence against women among health-care providers and policy-makers, so that they better understand the need for an appropriate health-sector response. They provide standards that can form the basis for national guidelines, and for integrating these issues into health-care provider education...The guidelines are based on systematic reviews of the evidence, and cover: identification and clinical care for intimate partner violence; clinical care for sexual assault; training relating to intimate partner violence and sexual assault against women; policy and programmatic approaches to delivering services; mandatory reporting of intimate partner violence"
"This document summarizes ‘Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women: WHO clinical and policy guidelines’, the World Health Organization (WHO), 2013 publication, developed by an international group of experts following a thorough review of evidence. It contains evidence-based recommendations for the introduction of policies into health services and programmes to improve responses within the health sector to violence against women. Each recommendation is classified as either "strong" or "conditional", on the basis of the generalizability of benefit across different communities and cultures, the needs and preferences of women to access services, as well as taking into consideration the level of human and other resources that would be required"
"This 28-page learning paper describes Malaria Consortium’s experience with Integrated Community Case Management (ICCM) in malaria prevention and treatment in Mozambique and Uganda. ICCM is an approach where community-based health workers are trained to identify, treat, and refer complex cases malaria (and other diseases) in children"
The Learning Series Papers
This manual "aims to provide readers in India with guidance on introduction to disabilities, causes, identification and management from multidisciplinary approach. it highlights the ways to ensure that disability management is streamlined in the organization/centre. It can serve as a tool to train newly inducted rehabilitation professionals in the team of a centre. If used correctly, this manual will help promote the comprehensive knowledge on chronic disability, sensitivity towards people with disabilities and commitment to serve empathetically. It will also assist in promoting evidence based practice and delivering rights based approaches"
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This study benchmarks ARV prices of former Soviet Union (FSU) countries against each other and against global and European region ARV prices. The study reveals that extreme price variation exists within and across FSU countries for identical ARVs, which suggests that some countries may be able to obtain ARVs at lower prices and therefore purchase additional ARVs to treat more people
This report provides in-depth information on: treatment and care for people living with HIV; HIV testing and counselling; health sector interventions for HIV prevention; scaling up HIV services for women and children; strengthening health systems and health information; and towards universal access as the way forward
This is an assessment of the state of the HIV epidemic in Asia, with recommendations for creating an effective response to it
This comprehensive report presents the findings of a systematic review of the effectiveness of shortening Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy training. The results are useful for NGOs and other national and international bodies working in the field of childhood illness
Health Policy and Planning (in press)
This study aims to identify current opioid prescribing services and regulatory bodies within 12 African PEPFAR (Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief ) countries, and to examine the barriers to, and appraise the potential for, expansion in the number of opioid providers, for people with HIV and AIDS according to the World Health Organization pain ladder. It concludes that while there are common issues raised by services and International Narcotics Control Board competent authorities, it is clear that these key stakeholders have concerns regarding the potential roll-out of opioids
This statement advocates a community-based approach to the management of severe malnutrition, combined with a facility-based approach for those malnourished children with medical complications. It outlines actions that countries can take and suggests how WHO, WFP, SCN, UNICEF and other partners can support these actions
This paper explores the contribution of information and communication strategies to universal access to anti-retroviral treatment. It suggests that people taking antiretroviral drugs and their supporters need to understand new and complex ideas around drugs, side effects, nutrition and positive living. Treatment literacy aims to help individuals and communities understand why ARV treatment is needed, and what it can and cannot do. Effective treatment literacy, developed by or with people living with HIV and AIDS and those taking ART, can lead to improved health outcomes, better adherence to drug regimes and higher uptake of voluntary counselling and testing. Current resources and community capacity to understand and support antiretroviral therapy are not sufficient
This article considers the impact of AIDS on women’s roles and responsibilities within the household ‘care economy’. In particular, it emphasises that all interventions aimed at reversing the AIDS epidemic need to take into account the excessive work-load that members of the household, usually women, shoulder in responding to the needs of sick family members. Most notably, gender equality and care economy issues need to be identified by development programmes. There is also a need to implement policies that focus on issues such as treatment, prevention, education, economic empowerment and violence against women. The article argues that unless the care economy and the relations of gender inequality within the household are included in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of such interventions, results will be compromised
The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) campaigns for greater access to HIV treatment for all South Africans, by raising public awareness and understanding about issues surrounding the availability, affordability and use of HIV treatments. It recognises the importance of treatment literacy and has produced a series of booklets, posters and factsheets on treatment aiming to encourage treatment literacy in the general population. A TAC publication "HIV in our lives" is a book of information sheets for clinics. There are opportunistic infections posters available in five different languages, nutrition fact sheets and short guides on a range of treatment issues such as treating opportunistic infections, pregnancy and HIV/AIDS, mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS, and TB and HIV/AIDS. They can be found on the treatment literacy section of their website
This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. Provides an impact analysis of AIDS on populations at risk and civil society. Looks at effective ways to prevent, control and treat the disease. Indicates how to improve allocation and use of financial resources, design and implement effective national policies and approach the response from a strategic perspective rather than in terms of crisis management. Annexes include country profiles, essential statistics and country progress indicators
This accessible guide on HIV and AIDS covers all relevant aspects of the disease in simple and straightforward language. Contains essential information on HIV treatment, anti-HIV medications, treatment regimen failure, treatment regimen change, treatment adherence, HIV and pregnancy, HIV prevention, alternative therapies, and nutrition and AIDS. This package is aimed at people living with HIV, and affected families, communities and community care givers
"This publication - produced by WHO and its partners - is designed to provide comprehensive practical advice to health care providers at all levels of the health care system on how to prevent, detect early, treat and palliate cervical cancer. In particular, the Guide seeks to ensure that health care providers at the primary and secondary levels will be empowered to use the best available knowledge in dealing with cervical cancer for the benefit of the whole community."
To mark World AIDS Day 2005, HAI Africa has prepared a simple, concise fact sheet on the pharmaceutical industry's role in access to HIV/AIDS treatment. The document, written in a question-and-answer format, addresses the impact of generic competition, compulsory licences and what the industry can do to increase access. It asks questions such as 'Are pharmaceutical companies involved in initiatives to increase access to ARVs?' and 'Do patents on medicines have an impact on access to ARVs?'
This publication is aimed at governments, development partners, and public and private health facilities seeking to provide ART as part of comprehensive care and support for people living with HIV and AIDS. It describes valuable lessons learned from several ART learning sites throughout Ghana, Kenya and Rwanda. By the end of April 2005, more than 5,800 new patients had initiated ART through this treatment and care initiative. Strategies, challenges and key recommendations are presented and comments by national and community leaders, providers and patients appear throughout the text to give readers a sense of the programs as they progressed. The lessons may not have direct relevance to all health facilities providing or planning to provide ART; it should be used or adapted depending on the epidemiological, political, social, cultural and economic context of each setting
Provides information on drugs and diagnostics for people living with HIV/AIDS, along with their price and source or manufacturer
WHO and UNAIDS launched a strategy for ensuring treatment for 3 million people living with HIV and AIDS in low and middle income countries by the end of 2005 - the "3 x 5" target. Since late 2003, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has more than doubled from 400,000 to approximately 1 million receiving treatment by the end of June 2005. 14 of these countries are providing ART to at least 50% of those who need it, consistent with the 3 x 5 target. This interim report highlights progress made to date and the major obstacles that remain to the rapid scale up of HIV treatment. It looks primarily at the reasons for the successes and failures of scaling up HIV/AIDS interventions in different settings. The report also makes recommendations concerning the approaches needed to overcome bottlenecks as well as the need for sustainable financing mechanisms and greater harmonisation of effort by technical and financing partners at country level
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion