"The World Health Organization (WHO) stated in March 2016 that there was a scientific consensus that the mosquito-borne Zika virus was a cause of the neurological disorder Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) and of microcephaly and other congenital brain abnormalities based on rapid evidence assessments. Decisions about causality require systematic assessment to guide public health actions. The objectives of this study were to update and reassess the evidence for causality through a rapid and systematic review about links between Zika virus infection and (a) congenital brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, in the foetuses and offspring of pregnant women and (b) GBS in any population, and to describe the process and outcomes of an expert assessment of the evidence about causality."
“CBR Perspectives from Latin America” is a critical reflection on the multi-dimensional and changing nature of CBR, the perceived benefits, the conundrum of standardized approaches versus community driven processes, the nature of links between CBR and human rights, the resourcing of CBR and the difficulty inherent in taking a short term view in the evaluation of what is a long term process. Not so often are the experiences and perspectives from Latin America shared to a wider audience, making Dr. Grech’s work a remarkable achievement for the Region.”
"This report reviews both published and gray literature from the past 25 years that addresses intra-household roles and dynamics related to infant and young child nutrition-specifically the roles and influence of senior women, or grandmothers, and men. The report examines infant and young child nutrition and other maternal and child health interventions explicitly involving grandmothers and/or men and reports on each intervention’s effectiveness"
This article "reviews interventions that affect maternal and child undernutrition and nutrition-related outcomes. These interventions included promotion of breastfeeding; strategies to promote complementary feeding, with or without provision of food supplements; micronutrient interventions; general supportive strategies to improve family and community nutrition; and reduction of disease burden (promotion of handwashing and strategies to reduce the burden of malaria in pregnancy). (The authors) showed that although strategies for breastfeeding promotion have a large effect on survival, their effect on stunting is small"
The Lancet, Vol 371, Issue 9610
This CD comprises electronic editions of 'Practical Mother, Newborn and Child Care in Developing Countries' by Prof G J Ebrahim, Emeritus Professor, Institute of Child Health, London. 'An autorun CD with over 260 images/figures, 430 PowerPoint slides, an index of over 90 tables and an index
Written for for health professionals in charge of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm newborn infants in first referral hospitals, this document describes the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) method for care of stable preterm or LWT babies (those who can breath air and have no major health problems) who need thermal protection, adequate feeding, frequent observation, and protection from infection. It provides guidance on how to organise services at the referral hospital and on what is needed to introduce and carry out KMC, focusing on settings where resources are limited. Evidence for the recommendations is provided whenever possible
This report reviews evidence on key interventions that could greatly improve birth outcomes in developing countries. It reviews the available statistics of low birth weight, prematurity, and birth defects; reviews current knowledge and practices of a healthy pregnancy, identifies cost-effective opportunities for improving birth outcomes and supporting families with an infant handicapped by birth problems
A concise publication on reducing the incidence of malaria among children. It provides some useful background facts on childhood mortality and other consequences such as low birth weight, anaemia, epilepsy, and learning difficulties. It then describes the tools to 'roll back malaria': insecticide-treated bednets, intermittent preventative treatment, antimalarial drug combination therapy, improving access to treatment, and strengthening health infrastructure
This brochure was developed to promote awareness of the impact of malaria on pregnant women and its potential impact on their newborns, and to influence reproductive health professionals, programme managers and policy makers to consider the implementation of interventions to reduce malaria impact. It has been designed to inform and advocate for recognition of the effects of malaria in pregnancy and strategies for mitigating those effects
This document is a report of the second interagency technical meeting on indicators. The meeting reviewed country experiences in strengthening health information systems for monitoring reproductive health and discussed a guideline for district level health managers describing a process of identifying reproductive health indicators according to specific criteria. The meeting also discussed a draft set of indicators for global monitoring
This document is a report of the second report interagency technical meeting on indicators. Some 40 participants attended the meeting from country level, United Nations and partner agencies, and donor organizations. The purpose of this meeting was to review experience with the existing common set of Reproductive Health Indicators for Global Monitoring
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