"The international financing of DRR, representing the international community’s support to national governments in their efforts to protect development gains from disasters, is coming under increasing scrutiny. This report examines the record of the international community to date, investigating the priorities in financing of DRR, and asking questions of both the equity and adequacy of past efforts. Beyond this it points to the future of a more rational, targeted investment in risk reduction"
"Poverty and disability are interrelated, but data that can disentangle the extent to which one causes the other is not available. However, data from Vietnam allows us to examine this interrelationship in a way not previously done. Using small area estimation techniques, we uncover three findings not yet reported in the literature. First, disability prevalence rates vary significantly within a county even at the district level. Second, the correlation between disability and poverty also varies at the district level. And most importantly, the strength of the correlation lessens based on district characteristics that can be affected by policy. Districts with better health care and infrastructure, such as roads and health services, show less of a link between disability and poverty, supporting the hypothesis that improvements in infrastructure and rehabilitation services can lessen the impact of disability on families with disabled members"
Working Paper Series, No 20
"In this paper, we examine the existing data and discuss the implications of current inheritance policies and practices that affect the lives of persons with disabilities and their families, arguing that when persons with disabilities are routinely denied equal rights to inherit wealth or property, this denial has a profound impact on their ability to provide for themselves and their families. The stigma, prejudice and social isolation faced by persons with disabilities and the widespread lack of education, social support networks, and the right to appeal injustices at the family, community or national level, further limits the ability of persons with disability to contest inequities encountered in inheritance policies and practices"
Working paper series No 17
"This research report on the Characteristics of a Safe and Resilient Community has been prepared by Arup’s International Development team (Arup ID) on behalf of the IFRC as part of a wider Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) Study of the Tsunami Recovery Programme (TRP). Specifically, this report draws on the experience of the TRP CBDRR programmes and current literature in order to identify the characteristics of safe and resilient communities; to understand how these characteristics changed over time and how RCRC interventions have contributed to this change"
This set of guidelines is designed to help Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) practitioners in building community resilience to disaster risk by coping with hazards and working around the issues of capacity and vulnerability. It is focused on building capacity in mobilising community collective resources in managing disaster risk instead of building their dependence on external support and assistance. The first half of the document details the importance of CBDRM, whilst the second explores the various tools at practitioners disposal (e.g. participatory research tools, facilitation methodologies and community organising strategies).
"This paper reviews the 13-year evolution of the social economic activities in Northern Nigeria from a welfare-oriented to a community-centred programme for people affected by leprosy...Findings revealed that the transformation among other things, demanded formulation of new programme policies and guidelines; and staff training in CBR principles and practice. Findings also showed that adopting CBR principles and community development projects can stimulate improvements in living conditions,self-esteem and acceptance of people affected by leprosy into the community"
Leprosy Review Journal, Vol 81
This training manual for CBR workers looks at definitions of CBR, example activities, and ways in which CBR can benefit a community and address disability issues. It also provides guidance about setting up a CBR programme and measuring its effectiveness
This evaluation report provides information about building health research capacity in Vietnam between 2004 and 2009. The Population Council Vietnam partnered with the Hanoi School of Public Health and Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy Faculty of Public Health to enahnce research skills, provide competitive awards and develop a network to link fellows to various national and international institutes and conferences. This report is useful to health and development practitioners interested in building health research capacity Vietnam
"The number of people with disability worldwide, and particularly in the developing countries, is increasing due to wars, conflicts, vehicular accidents, chronic diseases, mental impairment, birth defects and malnutrition. Many of these people face participation-restriction in activities of life. This paper appraises the emergence and the global view of community-based rehabilitation (CBR). The review and remodelling of CBR in developing countries and its inclusion in community development will enhance the reintegration of the disabled individuals into the society"
African Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Vol 1, No 1
This second part of the handbook looks specifically at how culture, gender and HIV are connected. Studies undertaken in sub-Saharan Africa make it clear that certain cultural practices, together with the low status and economic power of women increase women and girl's vulnerability to HIV. It is a resource for community-based volunteers working with communities to mainstream HIV and gender through culture
This book provides an overview of current community-based rehabilitation (CBR) knowledge and shows how this information has been interpreted and implemented in the African context. It has been developed from conference presentations and discussions that took place in South Africa in 2007. It is useful for people interested in general CBR information and CBR in Africa
This video provides an overview of the Theatrescience involvement in the ‘Acting Against Worms’ educative drama project in East Uganda, which aims to raise awareness about bilharzia (or schistosomiasis) among school children and the community
This paper provides an update on community based rehabilitation for leprosy practitioners
Leprosy Review, Vol 79, Issue 1
This summary report presents the findings of an evaluation of the Straight Talk mass media communication programmes to inform youth in Africa about sexual and reproductive health, which have been implemented in Uganda since 1993. The campaign was delivered through a radio show and two newspapers - one aimed at primary school children and one at secondary school students
This is the report of an intervention study in Kibera, an urban slum in Nairobi, to determine what effect three different community-based activities had on the utilisation of key prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. The interventions included moving services closer to the population via mobile clinics, as well as increasing psychosocial support through the use of traditional birth attendants and peer counsellors as PMTCT promoters
This report assesses the impact of scaling up a peer education programme in schools to help girls and young women aged 6 to 25 years in Kenya, in making decisions related to their sexual and reproductive health, and to increase their knowledge about sexually transmitted infections and HIV & AIDS
This toolkit aims to support community groups to work in a practical and thorough way on improving understanding and relationships between women and men. Through this, it aims to promote sexual wellbeing, strengthen communities and help them to prevent HIV. It is aimed at individuals and organisations that support communities to address HIV and AIDS and related issues. It is divided into five categories: A) gender, sexuality and vulnerability; B) sex and relationships; C) sexual violence; D) working together; and E) making a plan
This report aims to share learning from different experiences of inclusive education within a developing country context and review participatory, active learning approaches. It includes contributions from governmental officers in southern Africa as well as civil society members, project managers and disabled people. This well organised work, which is also available in Braille, concludes by addressing potential solutions and recommendations for further research. This resource would be useful to anyone with an interest in inclusive education and disability and development
This is document outlines BCH-Africa's strategic vision to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa to meet three of the millennium goals by 2015. These goals are: to help to reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; and combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases. The strategy sets out four main areas of focus: promoting social ownership of immunisation, to contribute to a rapid reduction in infant and maternal mortality; promoting national partnership and developing community skills to roll back malaria in Africa sustainably; developing individual and community skills to stop the spread of HIV and AIDS and tuberculosis; and using communication approaches that achieve long-lasting social changes to help control HIV, malaria and tuberculosis and resolve other health problems. Accompanying strategic priorities are: integrating health communication interventions; and building human resource capacity in community health promotion with a firm commitment to involving all the main actors and partners to create greater social ownership and sustainability
This kit contains three main booklets. Each booklet has a designated audience: 1) policy makers, 2) education programme planners and practitioners and 3) community members
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion