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Building an alliance with transport sector in HIV vulnerability reduction

HSU, Lee-Nah
March 2001

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This paper provides concrete examples of how the transport system's operation efficiency can contribute to reduction in workers' and passengers' vulnerability to HIV infection. In addition, some statistics are provided to show the correlation between road construction-improvement and the increase in HIV prevalence in areas where there were no proactive transport sector HIV preventive policies and strategies

Brazil's HIV/AIDS treatment programme

TREATMENT ACTION CAMPAIGN (TAC)
February 2001

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It is estimated that 540,000 Brazilians have HIV/AIDS, with the highest prevalence among the poor. However, Brazil treatment programmes have been comparatively successful and AIDS mortality rates have decreased significantly. This fact sheet attempts to explain the reasons for the success but also assesses weaknesses and unresolved issues of the Brazilian programme

Documenting and communicating HIV/AIDS work : a toolkit to support NGOs/CBOs

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
2001

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This toolkit looks at planning documentation and communication, so that lessons from the work of NGOs and Community Based Organisations are captured and shared with others. Includes sections on: introducing communication and documentation; planning, designing and evaluating particular documentation 'products'; and building documentation and communication skills. Also includes a range of useful handouts and workshop session outlines, and 12 'information cards' relating to specific communication 'products' such as newsletters, or radio programmes

Information, education and communication : lessons learned from the past; perspectives for the future

CLIFT, Elayne
2001

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This document discusses the lessons learned from 25 years of the World Health Organization's experience in information, education and communication (IEC). It provides information on the lessons learned from general health programmes and reproductive health programmes. The lessons reflect a retrospective view of what is now known about planning, implementing , monitoring and evaluating IEC interventions. The focus is on practical steps, what has worked, and special considerations to be taken when applying IEC to reproductive health initiatives

Can ICTs help the urban poor access information and knowledge to support their livelihoods?

SCHILDERMAN, Theo
2001

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This paper is based on a research project undertaken by ITDG and funded by DFID in to the knowledge and information systems of the urban poor. Using an action research approach, the research team found that the urban poor do require knowledge and information to improve their livelihoods, but there are gaps in what is offered; that social networks are the biggest information source, followed by key informants; that a wide range of 'infomediaries' supplies information, but again their are gaps; and that although there are a number of cases of strengthening the knowledge and information systems of the urban poor, ICTs are not yet playing a major role here

Lessons learnt : the peer education approach in promoting youth sexual and reproductive health

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION (IPPF)
2001

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This study focuses on the peer education approaches and experiences in five youth projects funded by the IPPF Vision 2000 Fund in Burkina Faso, Senegal, Ghana and Indonesia. The specific objectives are to identify the main lessons learned and key criteria for developing a successful peer education approach in a similar context; and to establish a model which encompasses the various experiences and approaches for peer education, and outreach activities. This document is designed to be used as a guideline by youth programme managers in family planning associations and other people who want to plan and carry out peer education projects for youth, such as social workers, health educators, personnel of non-governmental organisations and youth associations, etc. The results and key lessons can be used to design a new project, or to integrate peer education into an existing youth project. The document describes the necessary steps to plan, design, implement and evaluate peer education programmes

Information and communication technologies and small enterprise in Africa : lessons from Botswana

DUNCOMBE, R
HEEKS, R
2001

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The project reported here investigates what role new information and communication technologies (ICTs) may play in small enterprise development in Africa. Drawing on field research in Botswana, the project analyses the information and communication needs of these enterprises and assesses opportunities for ICT application. The authors note that holistic and integrated approaches are necessary for the successful utilisation of ICTs for small businesses in Africa

Information and communication technology : poverty and development in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia

PIGATO, Miria
2001

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This lengthy report examines the patterns of utilization, ownership and affordability of ICT in these two regions. It also discusses the application of ICT to the poor by the private sector, government and NGOs. The paper notes the significant gap between industrialized countries and these two regions and two internal gaps - between the richest and poorest and between the urban and rural areas. It also notes several principles for ICT use to alleviate poverty.

Education for all and children who are excluded

BERNARD, Anne
2001

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This thematic study was produced in preparation for the World Education Forum on education for all held in Dakar in Senegal in 2000. The final product was published in 2001 following the Forum. Millions of children are excluded from education through poverty, disability, ethnic difference and gender issues. Two thirds of the 130 million million primary school age children not in school are girls. This report discusses education at all levels from early childhood development through to primary school and secondary school with respect to the most vulnerable groups: girls, children in war, indigenous children, children with disabilities and children with HIV/AIDS. It looks at lessons from good practice and debates the way forward for a more inclusive approach. It is aimed at policy makers and programme makers

Participation and sustainability in social projects : the experience of the local development programme (PRODEL) in Nicaragua

STEIN, Alfredo
2001

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This paper describes the work of the Local Development Programme (PRODEL) in the eight cities in Nicaragua where it provided low-income groups with small grants for infrastructure and community works projects, and loans for housing improvement and micro-enterprises. Donor funds were matched by municipal, community, and household contributions. Between 1994 and 1998 more than 38,000 households benefited and both loan programmes achieved good levels of cost recovery. The paper describes the micro-planning workshops and other methodologies, and explains how local governments and the bank responsible for managing the loans learned to work in a more participatory way, and it outlines the measures taken to ensure that the needs and priorities of women and children were addressed. The paper considers lessons learned in sustaining the initiatives and institutionalising citizen participation in social programmes, and describes how PRODEL's methods have come to be used by central and local governments in other programmes. [Publisher's abstract]

Patronage or partnership : local capacity building in humanitarian crises

SMILIE, Ian
Ed
2001

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This book reviews recent experiences in strengthening local institutions, governmental and non-governmental alike, in six countries on five continents. It examines various aspects of the tensions between international initiatives to save lives or to reconstruct the fabric of societies, and the parallel and sometimes competing international commitment to "capacitation" - to building longer term skills locally. The last chapter reviews the case studies and attempts to draw out the learning in terms of conceptual, operational, political and motivational issues

Evaluation and poverty reduction

FEINSTEIN, Osvaldo N
PICCIOTTO, Robert
Eds
2001

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This collection of papers includes contributions from leading figures in development including policy makers and a Nobel Laureate. It covers a broad spectrum from methodological issues to policy concerns, whilst emphasising 'what works' in poverty reduction programmes. Contributors emphasise social funds and safety nets, social services, crisis prevention, informal social security and insurance systems, anti-corruption programmes, mobilisation of the poor and ultimately the creation of a workable civil society

Hepatitis B vaccine introduction : lessons learned in advocacy, communication, and training

WITTLETT, Scott
January 2001

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Hepatitis B is especially dangerous for infants, since they may carry the infection for the rest of their lives without knowing it. Chronic carriers can infect others and are at risk of serious liver disease in later life. However, the hepatitis B vaccine, if provided, helps protect infants against these problems. The vaccine's introduction to developing countries only began in the late 1980s, but many countries still cannot afford to administer the vaccine to all children. This paper summarises the lessons learned about effective advocacy with decision makers, communication with parents and caretakers, and training health staff regarding hepatitis B, gained from over ten years of experience introducing hepatitis B vaccine worldwide. It also includes the WHO 'aide-memoire' on hepatitis B

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