A mid-term review of the Reflect ICT project, which uses a participatory approach to ICT and communication for development and empowerment. The review reinforces Reflect's position that it is the process whereby ICTs are chosen and introduced which determines their impact, as much or more than the investment itself, and describes pilot projects in Uganda, Burundi and India which illustrate the Reflect approach and inform the 'lessons learned' in the final section
Evaluation manual for Sida in two parts. The first part reviews central evaluation concepts and discusses roles and relationships in development co-operation evaluations. It also deals with issues in the evaluation of poverty reduction. The second part is a step-by-step account of the evaluation process, beginning with the decision to evaluate and ending with management response and dissemination of results
Organisational learning is increasingly recognized as critical to performance. This paper documents Action Aid's radical institutional changes with its new approach to accountability, learning and planning system (ALPS)
This brief describes the impact of IDRC's Acacia Initiative in Mozambique, where the programme has successfully influenced national ICT policy. The programme initiated two pilot projects to establish telecentres, and worked through key 'ICT champions' to achieve policy change
Review of a 'challenging' pilot scheme in telemedicine in India. Lessons learned include keeping the objectives of the project in small modules and keeping the deliverables within sight. An account of some of the challenges faced while developing telemedicine technology in India serves as a useful example for upcoming telemedicine programmes in other low-resource countries
The purpose of this paper is to gather information outside of the Bank, in both developed and developing countries, on design and delivery of community based social service initiatives. Recommendations are provided for practical advice on project design and to enhance the sub-project cycle for social service-type projects
Social Protection Discussion Paper Series
This case study collection aims to help projects working with men in order to have an impact on the HIV epidemic. It presents experiences and lessons from a range of different projects that involve men, gender identity, sexuality or related issues, offering inspiration, ideas and models for working with different kinds of men in a deliberately broad range of contexts
This report looks at how to increase access of people living with HIV to ARV treatment, building on the experience of KHANA and its partners. Its major recommendations include scaling up care and support, and developing new approaches for community preparedness. It recommends doing this by providing technical and financial support for ongoing information, skills and training, influencing policy, involving people living with HIV/AIDS and communities, encouraging dialogue and collaboration, and making better use of existing structures and services. It includes case studies and a range of useful resources
This study's main objectives are to evaluate traditional means of communication; to note their constraints; to select the traditional methods which can best be used for the diffusion of information and to devise a strategy for implementing the selected method of traditional communication. The methodology of this survey is based on the Active Method of Participative Research.
The study illustrates that the traditional media for communication in Cameroon are: the gong and songs accompanied by dances (in all of the surveyed provinces); the xylophone (in the center and south); griot [travelling poet] and balafon (in the east); colleagues of the traditional chiefs (Lawanes, Djaoros); and messengers of traditional chiefs or muezzins (extreme north).There are numerous constraints to using individuals in devising communications strategies: a lack of trained musicians, the lack of initiative on the part of the village elders, the disinterest of the youth, conflict among the different generations, the proliferation of modern communications technologies, the complexity of training in various methods, the possible alteration of messages, a lack of motivation and the slow speed of transmission. The study notes that the best methods for the diffusion of information in the regions surveyed in Cameroon are: the gong, the colleagues and messengers of traditional chiefs to organize village meetings in which reproductive health issues could be raised, singing and dancing, travelling poets and xylophones.
In order to devise effective strategies for conveying messages about reproductive health through these traditional methods of communication, traditional authorities must be engaged early on in the process and informed of the importance of these means of communication; qualified individuals must be identified as resources and others trained; and a training of trainers must be conducted
After Action Review (AAR) is a review technique for appraising ongoing or past operational activity. Part One of this paper identifies the principal components of an AAR-type process and explains how AAR works. It also contains a section on the assumptions underpinning the methodology used for this study. Parts Two, Three and Four each describe the experience of an individual agency or event. Part Five explores the comparative dimensions of the case studies, and lessons learned are described in an Annex
A concise description of After Action Review, its strengths and weaknesses, good practice, and practical guidance tips
The document analyses the 'Communication Without Borders' programme - a proposal developed in the Republic of Costa Rica in 2003 to incorporate new technologies into the life of the citizens. It examines the programme as it works in reality, showing the difference between the ideal model and the one executed. It makes recommendations around policy issues, institutional change and infrastructure development
This is a report, commissioned by the UK Commission for Health Improvement (CHI) in March 2003, which provides a literature review looking at the sharing of learning in different sectors. A key aim of CHI’s approach is to encourage NHS organisations to embed learning in their work to help them improve their practice. The report draws on studies in the fields of education, psychology, organisational learning, personal learning, and participatory approaches to explore understanding of good learning practice. It includes more than 15 case studies that illustrate methodologies and approaches used to share learning in the business, public, and voluntary sectors, paying particular attention to the types of processes that encourage engagement with diverse communities of interest or multiple stakeholders
The article describes the SATELLIFE Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Project that explored questions related to the selection and design of appropriate, affordable technology and locally relevant content for use in African healthcare environment. The project was specifically targeted at assessing the usefulness of the PDA for (1) data collection and (2) information dissemination. This report describes a number of valuable lessons leaned from the project that can be applied to further deployment of PDAs in developing countries. A number of obstacles to technology use have also been identified, which will need to be overcome in order to promote the widespread adoption of the technology in this context
This report highlights the lessons learned from 25 years of primary health care. It highlights the gains that there have been in health status, but also looks at the setbacks, for example the increased gap between the health of rich and poor, and the resurgence and spread of old communicable diseases and new epidemics. It highlights the mixed progress in implementing primary health care and makes proposals for the revitalisation of primary health care
This manual is based on Oxfam's experience working with local disabled people's organisations before, during and after the recent crisis in Kosovo. Case studies from West Africa and South and East Asia also show how the principles and training can be translated to a wide range of political and social contexts. It suggests practical materials useful for trainers working in geographically isolated areas without access to sophisticated equipment. Most of the activities and exercises can be adapted for use in groups of people with a wide range of impairments and educational levels. The text is written in clear and simple language
A catalogue of all United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) evaluation studies, and their corresponding evaluation summaries, through 2002. Listed by report number, country, sector or theme, and year
Education sectors of affected countries are playing an increasingly important role in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This sourcebook aims to support efforts by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. It provides concise summaries of programmes around Africa, highlighting the main elements of the programme as well as what lessons can be learned from them
This policy briefing is based on a review of reports of the Kisumu Primary Health Care project that ran from 1983 to 1997. It sets out to answer three questions around the sustainability of primary health care projects after donors withdraw: how and why do communities carry on the activities after the donor has withdrawn; what can programmes do to encourage such persistence; and what lessons from the Kisumu project can be applied elsewhere?
This policy brief focuses on the outcomes of the Kwale Health Systems Strengthening Project (KHSSP), which aims to improve the quality of health care at the dispensary level. The project increased the participation of the local community in the running of the dispensaries and in the development and operation of the health information system that was used. This brief outlines the projects work and lessons that can be learned from it
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