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Every learner matters: Unpacking the learning crisis for children with disabilities

McCLAIN-NHLAPO, Charlotte
et al
June 2019

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This paper was developed by the World Bank in partnership with Leonard Cheshire and Inclusion International. It is an attempt to add knowledge to the current understanding of the importance of learning achievements, with a focus on children with disabilities. While the premise is that inclusive education refers to the inclusion of all children, the focus of this paper is on children with disabilities.

The aim of the paper is to:

  • Provide an evidence-based review of educational participation of children with disabilities.
  • Establish a case for focusing on learning achievements for students with disabilities.
  • Take stock of current mechanisms of measurement of learning outcomes and review their inclusivity.
  • Explore evidence of practice and systems which promote disability-inclusive learning for all. 

Four case studies are provided - from Pakistan, South Africa, Canada and UK.

School and classroom disabilities inclusion guide for low- and middle-income countries

BULAT, Jennae
HAYES, Anne
et al
January 2017

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This guide provides strategies and recommendations for developing inclusive classrooms and schools. We specifically address the needs of Sub-Saharan African countries, which lack the resources for implementing inclusive education. However, our strategies and recommendations can be equally useful in other contexts where inclusive education practices have not yet been adopted. Strategies for enhancing existing school and classroom environment and instruction include: modify the physical environment; modify classroom managment strategies; ensure social inclusion; adopt best instructional practices; apply strategies for students with sensory disabilities; and use assistive technologies. Strategies for adopting response to intervention include: tier by tier implementation; individualised education plans; and planning for school wide adoption of inclusive practices and a multilevel system of support.

 

 

Inclusive learning : children with disabilities and difficulties in learning : topic guide

HOWGEGO, Catherine
MILES, Susie
MYERS, Juliette
September 2014

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"This HEART Topic Guide brings together evidence on what works in inclusive learning for children aged 3 to 12 years with disabilities and/or difficulties in learning in low and middle income countries, and explores the role of inclusive approaches in contributing to inclusive societies and ultimately inclusive growth. The Topic Guide addresses some of the contested and debated issues around terminology, labelling, and segregated, integrated and inclusive schooling; reviews the limited evidence that exists from low and middle income countries around the outcomes of inclusive learning; and identifies future research directions"

Note: This resource is available in both pdf and online formats

Networking for learning : the human face of knowledge management?

KEIJZER, Niels
ORNEMARK, Charlotte
ENGEL, Paul
December 2006

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This brief contributes to the debate on networking for learning by exploring its potentials and limitations. It draws substantially on discussions and resource materials shared through the Pelican Initiative, as well as other literature and practical examples, and seeks to identify some entry points into this field for policy-makers and development practitioners

Transitions in the early years : a learning opportunity [whole issue]

November 2006

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This issue of Early Childhood Matters presents a number of perspectives around children's transition from home environments to primary schooling and includes practical examples of initiatives in a number of countries, including the US, India, Uganda, Guatemala, Poland, Brazil and Israel. Articles look at transition and school readiness as a challenge and a learning opportunity rather than as a problem. In different contexts the emphasis of related early childhood programmes varies. The 'Parques Infantis' in Brazil focuses on children's rights, while in Guatemala and Uganda programmes reflect a need to promote local culture and support children learning the mainstream language. The Mississippi Delta Children's Partnership encourages interaction between pre-schools, primary schools and parents as a means to facilitate transition and supports school readiness through after-school programmes

Knowledge sharing toolkit : an evolving collection of practical knowledge sharing techniques

FAUL, Mark
CAMACHO, Kemly
December 2004

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This draft toolkit includes descriptions of four knowledge sharing techniques, and may soon expand to include more. The techniques described are after action reviews, retrospects, peer assists, and online communities. A brief section is devoted to each, including a short description of the technique, the benefits, a step-by-step guide to applying it, tips and cautions, a brief example, and some further resources

Learning in partnerships

BYRNE, Ailish
VINCENT, Robin
May 2004

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Outlines a range of practical steps to strengthen learning between NGOs in the North and South for anyone working in development. Reviews the wider context and influences on trends towards taking learning more seriously in the development sector. Also looks at factors affecting NGO partnerships. Reviews published literature in these areas and links it to issues raised at a workshop of practitioners in 2003

Helping children who are deaf : family and community support for children who do not hear well

NIEMANN, Sandy
GREENSTEIN, Devorah
DAVID, Darlena
2004

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This book was written primarily for parents and other caregivers of young children. It provides a wealth of well-illustrated practical information. The book gives a thorough overview of the different ways to communicate with hearing impaired children. It is written in an easy-to-read style with lots of illustrations and examples from Southern countries.

From car park to children's park : a childcare centre in development

WUNSCHEL, Gerda
July 2003

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This working paper illustrates the "Situationsansatz" pedagogical framework, as implemented at Kita, a childcare centre in Berlin. The emphasis is on children's environments, children's participation and optimal learning. The key principles of the "Contextual Child Development Approach" include: recognising the learning potential of diverse cultural heritages and intercultural interaction, developing close relations with the social environment and adopting an open planning process, with the contribution of children, parents and other adults. Includes an appendix, which briefly outlines the guidelines for working with the Contextual Child Development Approach in childcare centres

Transfer of learning : a guide to strengthening the performance of health care workers

PRIME II POJECT
March 2002

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The purpose of this guide is to share strategies and techniques that can be used before, during and after training interventions to ensure support for the transfer of knowledge and skills to improved performance on the job. The strategies and techinques for transferring learning are presented in a matrix that allows the user to navigate easily through the content. The CD-ROM contains forms for completing an action plan, a primary tool for coordinating the transfer of learning. The online version also has interactive features

Improving communication [whole issue]

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2002

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This issue of Disability Dialogue focuses on increasing the awareness of, and improving approaches to people with communication disabilities. It includes articles on approaches to communication; listening and learning; involving the community; working for integration; sharing skills; and helping adults after a stroke

In my classroom : guide to reflexive practice

DU PLESSIS, Joy
et al
2002

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This practical guide "suggests ways of working together in schools and teacher networks. Through the use of reflection and dialogue, the materials ask teachers to analyze their own teaching context and try out new teaching strategies...(it provides) teachers with opportunities to examine the ideas and examples, discuss them with colleagues and others, and guides them through adapting tasks, practices, and materials that may be used effectively in their own context"

Knowledge management

MILTON, Nick
Ed
2002

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This useful brief sets out the basics of knowledge management clearly and concisely. It describes the benefits of managing knowledge in an organisation, and presents two approaches: connecting people and organisations (networking) and collecting (capturing and documenting experiences using methods such as after action reviews). The issue of organisational culture is touched on, and ways that 'traditional' and electronic information technology might help knowledge management are proposed. The last page lists 'top tips' and some ideas for getting started on knowledge management

Inclusive citizenship : the Leonard Cheshire social exclusion report 2002

KNIGHT, John
HEAVEN, Christine
CHRISTIE, Ian
2002

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This report documents how disabled people have been excluded from society in the UK, and it explores possibilities for the inclusion of disabled people. It is useful for disabled people, disabled people's organisations, and non-governmental organisations aiming to include disabled people.

School readiness : helping communities to get children ready for school and schools ready for children

October 2001

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This is a brief introduction to the concept of school readiness with a focus on the US. It presents a framework for community involvement in supporting children's transition to school, based on an 'ecological' view of child development. A variety of factors relating to the child development are considered and explored, including the different roles played by the child's family, early childhood care and education, schools, neighborhood, and the wider society

Autism resources

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This website gives guidance about autism and includes online publications. It has a section on frequently asked questions and a booklist that points to resources that are related to autism and learning disabilities

Observatory Pascal : place management, social capital and learning regions

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PASCAL is an online portal which brings together documents, analysis, news, events and research, and provides easy, cost effective and efficient access to relevant and useful information. Its focus is on the importance of learning, social capital and partnership for the sustainable development of communities and regions. Includes briefing notes, newsletters and a forum around learning and social capital in communities

Bernard Van Leer Foundation

BERNARD VAN LEER FOUNDATION (BVLF)

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The Bernard van Leer Foundation is an international grant making foundation with the mission to improve opportunities for children up to age 8 who are growing up in socially and economically difficult circumstances. The foundation primarily works to support programmes that are implemented by local partners by focusing upon strengthening the care environment, successful transitions from home to school, and social inclusion and respect for diversity. Their website highlights information about the foundation, their programmes and grants, and the countries where they work. It also features links to related publications, a newsroom and a blog

National Resource Centre for Inclusion (NRCI)

SPASTICS SOCIETY OF INDIA

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This website contains a wide range of publications for sale in both English and Hindi covering many aspects of disability. The website also describes projects currently being carried out by NRCI, on inclusive education in early childhood and research. NRCI organises conferences called 'North-South Dialogues' and documents from these conferences can be downloaded from the website

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