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How effective are measures taken to mitigate the impact of direct experience of armed conflict on the psychosocial and cognitive development of children aged 0–8?

LLOYD, Eva
et al
June 2005

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“This report looks at research that assesses the effectiveness of measures taken to mitigate the impact of direct experience of armed conflict on the psychosocial and cognitive development of children aged 0–8…The current review had two stages. The aim of the first stage of the review was to produce a systematic map of research by identifying and describing studies that examined the outcomes for children of interventions to mitigate the effects of direct experience of armed conflict on children aged 0–8. As a second stage of the review, (the authors) reviewed a smaller set of studies in-depth”

A strange illness : issues and research by children affected by HIV/AIDS in central China

SAVE THE CHILDREN CHINA
June 2005

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Report about the concerns raised by orphans and children affected by HIV/AIDS in an area of central China with a severe HIV/AIDS epidemic. The project was undertaken as a preliminary study for a longer programme of child-focused work in the area to provide care, support and reatmenr within the framework of child protection and child participation. It outlines how children define vulnerability and future work that will be developed on the basis of the research

Paediatric HIV/AIDS : MSF fact sheet

MEDICINS SANS FRONTIERES, CAMPAIGN FOR ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL MEDICINES
June 2005

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A useful fact sheet, providing a brief but comprehensive overview of problems associated with children with HIV/AIDS. The majority of children with HIV/AIDS live in developing countries, and often have no access to health care, while diagnostic and treatment services for children are more expensive than for adults. The document shows how disparities between North and South are particularly visible in transmission prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Médecins Sans Frontières calls for: 1) WHO to develop a clear strategy to ensure that greater numbers of children receive antiretrovirals, 2) UNICEF to raise awareness about the fact that children are being excluded from AIDS treatment, and 3) pharmaceutical companies to facilitate access for children to antiretroviral therapy

Memory work [whole issue]

June 2005

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This issue of Medicus Mundi Schweiz Bulletin is devoted to memory work. Articles describe the evolution of memory books and memory work; NACWOLA’s experiences in Uganda; scaling up memory work; and related projects and tools such as hero books and the Ten Million Memories Project

HIV/AIDS : what about very young children?

DUNN, Alison
March 2005

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This paper presents the results of research into the question of how to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities. The third in a dedicated sub-series of working papers devoted to young children and HIV/AIDS, it shows how young children impacted by HIV/AIDS often seem to be almost invisible in the wider HIV/AIDS field, although no affected group is more vulnerable, more deserving or has greater potential to benefit from proper programming

Community based counselling for people affected by HIV and AIDS

WINIARSKI, Mark G
March 2005

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"This book is written for men and women who have had no formal training in counselling, but feel called to help their neighbours respond to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. It can also inform psychologists, teachers, social workers and other people working in Africa who want to know more about HIV and AIDS counselling issues"

HIV and young children : an annotated bibliography on psychosocial perspectives

SHERR, Lorraine
February 2005

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This annotated bibliography offers a practical guide to the content of the references which informed the literature review presented in BVLF Working Paper 33 (Young Children and HIV/AIDS: Mapping the Field). It is intended to help readers who want to go deeper into the issues and explore the original source material. The bibliography presents the references - mostly to peer-reviewed medical or psychology journals - under subject headings such as "disclosure", "interventions", "parentless children", "social development", and more

HIV/AIDS and disability global survey

GLOBAL SURVEY ON HIV AND AIDS AND DISABILITY
January 2005

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The global survey on HIV/AIDS and disability is designed to identify, foster and disseminate research, policies and programmatic interventions concerning the impact of HIV/AIDS on populations with physical, sensory (deaf, blind), intellectual and mental health disabilities. This programme is concerned both with improving HIV/AIDS prevention efforts for disabled children, adolescents and adults and with mproving services and support for those individuals with disability who are HIV positive. The website contains examples of innovative programmes that are shared with the global survey team by people and organisations working in the field. There are also links to: information that has been collected through the survey, facts and figures on HIV/AIDS and disability, relevant papers, publications and notices of research, training sessions and conferences

USAID project profiles : children affected by HIV/AIDS

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
January 2005

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This document presents profiles of 114 projects (90 country-specific, 12 regional, and 12 global) funded by USAID. It includes a section on USAID projects that support access to education in Africa. The project profiles include the names of implementing organisations, funding periods and amounts, objectives, strategies, key accomplishments, priority activities for the year ahead, and materials and tools available to other projects that can help meet the needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. The diversity of these projects demonstrates the US government's efforts to meet the wide variety of needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. Approaches vary in both strategy and scale. The vast majority of projects work with communities to identify opportunities that strengthen existing resources without undermining local ownership. In many places, communities are already mobilised and have systems in place to identify, protect, and provide basic necessities to the most vulnerable children. USAID supports the strengthening and monitoring of these existing activities

Effective HIV/AIDS and reproductive health information to people with disabilities

MUNTHALI, Alister
MVULA, Peter
ALI, Sandra
2005

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This study is designed to explore and understand the sexual and reproductive health needs and experiences of people with disabilities, their perceptions about HIV/AIDS and how best information about HIV/AIDS can be communicated to people with various forms of disabilities. The study looks at channels of communication, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, sources of information about HIV/AIDS, awareness of sexually transmitted infections and family planning. It makes a number of recommendations for stakeholders in HIV work and the disability sector

HIV/AIDS : coping with the challenge [whole issue]

January 2005

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Explores the use of ICTs, particularly in HIV/AIDS interventions in South Asia, and provides case studies on how ICTs have been used: for example, an electronic helpline, the SAATHI's experience in HIV/AIDS response in India; and in HIV/AIDS responses by UNDP. Also includes articles that explore the issues of maintreaming HIV/AIDS in Asia, effective communication to women, funding of HIV/AIDS work, and policy on and political commitment to HIV/AIDS work in India

ICT for mitigating HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

SPIDER
2005

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Report on the potential role of ICT for mitigating HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. It considers 'how can ICT contribute to the empowerment of people living with HIV/AIDS' and 'how can ICT improve ongoing and planned HIV/AIDS programmes in the region'. The study was carried out through a participatory approach with stakeholders in Lusaka (Zambia), Gaborone (Botswana) and Maputo (Mozambique). Findings focus around access to information in rural areas; strengthening health systems; and organisational development issues. The report concludes with recommendations to Swedish SIDA, including proposals for interventions, a framework for managing these, and indicative budgets

Young children and HIV/AIDS : mapping the field

SHERR, Lorraine
January 2005

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This paper offers a concise and comprehensive overview of the literature from a psychological perspective. It explores a range of issues in emotional, psychological, social and physical development, and their relation to broader issues including poverty, nutrition and human rights. It idenifies gaps in knowledge and will help funders, policy makers and practitioners to locate their own work in the bigger picture. It is accompanied by an annotated bibliography

Orphans and schooling in Africa : a longitudinal analysis

EVANS, David
MIGUEL, Edward
2005

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This paper looks at the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 children in rural Kenya. There was a focus on children who began the study period as non-orphans and compare children who subsequently lost a parent to those who did not. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death as well as evidence of a drop before the death. Effects are largest for children whose mothers died, for young girls (under age 12) and for children with low base line academic performance. The authors then discuss implications for the design of programmes to assist orphans and vulnerable children

Psychosocial support and counselling for young children affected by HIV and AIDS

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
2005

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This is a key list of essential information resources on psychosocial support and counselling for children affected by HIV and AIDS. Recognising psychosocial needs in young children affected by HIV and AIDS is relatively new. It refers to the psychological and emotional well-being of the child and the caregiver, including issues of self esteem, insights into adaptation to the new circumstances brought by the impact of HIV and AIDS, social functioning and social relationships. Psychosocial support is one way of increasing the capacities of young children and their caregivers to cope. Manuals and toolkits in this Key list seek to heighten critical awareness of the cultural and ethical issues associated with psychosocial work. They encourage people to think of locally used words and expressions and of how young children express themselves as social beings

Life skills education for HIV prevention : a critical analysis

BOLER, Tania
AGGLETON, Peter
2005

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Challenges conventional wisdom that teaching life skills to young people would reduce HIV infection. The paper suggests that: there is disagreement about the definition of life skills; the introduction of life skills in the curriculum often creates problems, particularly in the schools of poorer countries; and that life skills are action-oriented, and may be alien to cultural contexts where people, especially the youth, are not encouraged to choose. While the paper does not intend to undermine the importance of life skills-based education in HIV contexts, its cautious and critical analysis may provide a useful tool for the improvement of related initiatives

The toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

EVANS, Catrin
2005

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This toolkit aims to provide guidance on the development and implementation of effective HIV interventions in diverse sex work settings. It indicates the key steps and issues involved in the development and implementation of interventions, and provides links to many documents, manuals, reports, and research studies providing more detailed and in-depth information. Each such resource or tool has been annotated to assist readers in deciding whether it is relevant to their particular situations. The toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings

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