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Orphans and vulnerable children in India : understanding the context and the response

GOLDMAN, Judith
ANASTASI, Marie-Christine
June 2003

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A report from a meeting for exchange and learning between organisations working with orphans and vulnerable children in India, looking community responses to working with this group. The experience of Plan International, Palmyrah Workers Development Society and the International HIV/AIDS Alliance was presented to the meeting. Specific responses to working with orphans and vulnerable children discussed in the report include lessons from a child participatory approach, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and the development of community action

Sida et theatre : comment utiliser le théâtre dans le cadre de la réponse au VIH/SIDA? Manuel pour les groupes de théâtre

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
THE JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
BUREAU RÉGIONAL DE L'UNESCO POUR L'EDUCATION EN AFRIQUE (BREDA)
June 2003

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This French language publication offers theatre groups accurate information on HIV and AIDS, ideas on how to sensitise audiences to HIV and AIDS, how to write a script and other useful related topics

A last resort : the growing concern about children in residential care

INTERNATIONAL SAVE THE CHILDREN ALLIANCE
June 2003

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This paper sets out the International Save the Children Alliance’s position on the residential care of children and highlights concerns about its growing use. Its aim is to draw attention to an area that has largely been ignored as a rights issue for international attention and action

Study on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS among persons with disabilities in Kampala, Katakwi and Rakai districts : knowledge, attitudes and practices

MULINDWA, Innocent Najjumba
May 2003

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This is the report of a study to investigate the reproductive health and HIV/AIDS of disabled people, and their beliefs, perceptions and reproductive health practices. It also identifies the constraints faced by disabled people in seeking reproductive health services and suggests strategies through which reproductive health delivery for disabled people could be improved. The report calls for: the design and implementation of reproductive health interventions which are specifically tailored to the needs of disabled people; an improvement in the poverty situation of disabled people; the provision of information, education and communication on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS; and awareness-raising in communities about the plight of disabled people in order to curb stigma and discrimination

Psicoterapia vía Internet, su práctica, regulación e investigación : el caso del tabaquismo|[Practice, research and regulatory issues of psychotherapy via the internet : the case for tobacco smoking]

PATONI Maldonado, Roberto Israel
May 2003

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Since tobacco smoking continues to represent a serious public health problem worldwide, and digital telecommunications have shown an explosive growth in the last two decades, the present study aimed to document and analyze both areas from the standpoint of human behaviour. The authors propose ways to design and implement cognitive-behavioural interventions via the internet for smokers. The proposal explores such aspects as materials, cost-benefit and basic infrastructure needed for the eventual implementation of the intervention

Integrated early childhood development

THE COMMUNICATION INITIATIVE
February 2003

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This issue of the Drum Beat focuses on organisations, communication activities and resources addressing IECD in various regions and implemented by diverse organisations. There are links to all of these and some include health issues such as HIV and AIDS

Education and HIV/AIDS : a sourcebook of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes

WORLD BANK. Education Team
2003

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Education sectors of affected countries are playing an increasingly important role in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This sourcebook aims to support efforts by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. It provides concise summaries of programmes around Africa, highlighting the main elements of the programme as well as what lessons can be learned from them

HIV and AIDS and disability

NARIB, Leitago D
2003

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This report gives a general overview of HIV/AIDS and disability. It reports on the group discussions that took place during the conference on different types of disability and HIV/AIDS, demonstrating that the lack of access to information is a specific problem especially for visually impaired and hearing-impaired people. Different aspects of HIV/AIDS and disability were explored during the conference, including the production of HIV/AIDS materials and the inclusion or exclusion of disabled people within this process; HIV/AIDS and the workplace; minorities; gender issues; education; and organisations of disabled people. Discussions revealed that disabled people see HIV/AIDS not as a topic in itself, but as part of the bigger problem of marginalisation in general. The main recommendations arising from the conference were to establish a task force in the NFPDN to work on a programme on HIV/AIDS and disability, to network and cooperate with mainstream HIV/AIDS organisations, and to establish baseline data on HIV/AIDS

Speak for the child : community care for orphans and affected children. Case study Kenya

LUSK, Diane
et al
2003

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This is a rare case study of a pilot project to address the specific needs of children under 5 affected by HIV/AIDS who are typically ignored at the programming level and often miss the benefits of general HIV/AIDS interventions. The project operated in Western Kenya and the study contains evidence of the work carried out, a lessons learned catalogue of the processes and tools developed, and a set of suggestions of how the tools and processes might be adapted to other groups in other contexts. It is an excellent example of a community based response to the needs of very young children and addresses the key challenges faced in attempting to do so

Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

SEIFMAN, Richard
SURRENCY, Amber
2003

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The document suggests how services that address young children's needs might be fully integrated into a national multisectoral HIV/AIDS programme. It gives advice on developing national ECD policies, programmes and interventions, multisectoral ECD approaches, and ways to advocate, implement, monitor and evaluate these efforts. It makes suggestions of interventions for very young children and is a resource for other national HIV/AIDS programme topics

Supporting early childhood development (ECD) in HIV/AIDS programs for Africa

EMING YOUNG, Mary
2003

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This PowerPoint presentation is a good overview of reasons why it is important to address early childhood development (ECD) in HIV/AIDS programmes for Africa; what policy makers need to know about ECD in relation to HIV/AIDS; and how governments can partner with civil society to support ECD HIV/AIDS interventions. It examines the potential negative consequences for a child born in an AIDS affected community, and how ECD programs benefit communities. The potential direct beneficiaries are identified and finally an ECD HIV/AIDS policy package is suggested

Building blocks : Africa-wide briefing notes. Resources for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
January 2003

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A set of eight booklets designed to support programme design and practice at the community level around children made vulnerable or orphaned by HIV or AIDS in Africa. The resources are all locally adaptable and are based on the experience of Alliance, its partners and other organisations. The booklets are called "Overview"; "Psychosocial support"; "Health and nutrition"; "Economic strengthening"; "Education"; "Social inclusion"; "Older Carers"; and "Young children and HIV"

Orphans and vulnerable children technical consultation : presentations and materials for OVC consultation

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
2003

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This web page of a technical consultation on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) contains a variety of presentations of the situation of OVC, the impact of HIV/AIDS global strategies of action and some presentations of case studies from different countries such as Cambodia and Malawi. Some also look at clinical and community care and include ethical considerations

Bernard Van Leer Foundation annual report 2003: young children and HIV/AIDS

BERNARD VAN LEER FOUNDATION
2003

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The Bernard Van Leer Foundation is committed to actively engaging with and supporting early childhood development activities in over 40 developing and industrialised countries. The Foundation's 2003 annual report gives a succinct overview of activities, clearly communicating around their mission and work and engaging with the current debate around the accountability of not for profit organisations. The report notes how the Foundation is working towards achieving various goals including working with a clear learning agenda, increasing synergies between the work of partners, their own work and the efforts of the broader ECD community and enhancing their communications functions and strengthening its advocacy role. The report contains an overview of the Foundations' grant-making activities and of the financial aspects of grant-making. A section on the work of the Foundation includes two major initiatives on 'Young Children and HIV/AIDS' and 'Respect for Diversity' which were launched in 2003 and a third 'Growing up in Indigenous Socities' which began in 2002

Annotated bibliography : children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

INTERAGENCY COALITION ON AIDS AND DEVELOPMENT (ICAD)
2003

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This is an annotated list of documents and papers concerning children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. Mostly written in the 1990s and early 2000s, it is a wide-ranging bibliography covering key issues and implications for women and children in the light of the HIV and AIDS pandemic

Memory boxes and the psycho-social needs of children : trainer's manual

SINOMLANDO
2003

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This manual describes a training curriculum designed to give community workers and volunteers a basic understanding of the psychosocial needs of vulnerable children, and basic skills in 'memory box' methodology. It is based on a four-day, twelve-session workshop and covers child development, bereavement, loss, stigma, counselling skills and making memory boxes

Making a hero book : a guide for facilitators

MORGAN, Jonathan
2003

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This manual describes one of the tools used in "memory work", an approach to helping families and communities cope with HIV and AIDS. Through a series of art exercises and storytelling, children are encouraged to identify their heroes or role models. This process should help children affected by HIV/AIDS to cope with emotions (sadness, fear, anger), and to develop resilience and a positive approach to life. Through the process of developing a book, children are also encouraged to see themselves as heroes, to rely on their strengths and maximise their potential to overcome the problems they might encounter

Gendering prevention practices : a practical guide to working with gender in sexual safety and HIV/AIDS awareness education

LEWIS, Jill
2003

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This manual lays out eight sessions, each with an array of diverse learning activities, for capacity building to help participants grasp the implications of working with gender in HIV prevention. The session themes are: Perceptions of gender, Ways of Understanding Gender, Key aspects of Gender for HIV prevention, Sex as a Gendered Activity, Gender and HIV, Embodying Change, A Sense of Working Together, Reviewing Gender issues in Context

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