This report provides in-depth information on: treatment and care for people living with HIV; HIV testing and counselling; health sector interventions for HIV prevention; scaling up HIV services for women and children; strengthening health systems and health information; and towards universal access as the way forward
This report argues the need to adopt a rights-based approach to counter gender inequality, violence against women and other violations of women’s rights, in order to combat the HIV and AIDS pandemic effectively. It explores obstacles to universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support for all women and girls. It illustrates the ongoing violations of women’s rights by the actions and inactions of those setting policies, providing funding, offering services and implementing programmes. It further provides working solutions and best practices for overcoming those obstacles. These strategies were gathered through research studies conducted in 13 countries: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Guatemala, India, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, South Africa, Vanuatu and Zimbabwe
This report assesses progress in malaria control and analyses how well countries are making available key interventions that reduce the malaria burden. A particular emphasis is progress across sub-Saharan Africa - whose countries face the greatest malaria burden
This annotated bibliography offers a practical guide to the content of the references which informed the literature review presented in BVLF Working Paper 33 (Young Children and HIV/AIDS: Mapping the Field). It is intended to help readers who want to go deeper into the issues and explore the original source material. The bibliography presents the references - mostly to peer-reviewed medical or psychology journals - under subject headings such as "disclosure", "interventions", "parentless children", "social development", and more
The Horizons Program of the Population Council and the University of Cape Town are conducting a study to identify successful programme strategies in paediatric HIV treatment in South Africa and to determine priority knowledge gaps to be addressed by operations research. This report summarises key findings from the initial consultative workshop of expert practitioners and stake-holders, focusing on the status of providing antiretroviral therapy to children in South Africa and strategies to expand and improve services. It includes providing services to under six year olds
Describes the major problems facing clinicians in treating children with HIV and AIDS in developing countries: inadequate diagnosis methods for children under 18 months, un-adapted machines for monitoring CD4 counts, lack of pediatric formulations of anti-retroviral drugs, and the lack of pediatric fixed-dose combinations. The lack of simple guidelines and tools to facilitate prescription and the high price of the pediatric formulations that do exist are also major challenges
This report explores the connections between tackling AIDS and tackling poverty and draws attention to the fact that millions of children affected by HIV and AIDS are in need of care and protection. There is an equally important and parallel agenda of expanding support for the millions of people needing access to treatment for HIV/AIDS. ARV treatment represents a crucial gateway to supporting millions of children yet it is rarely attempted. The report aims to examine the implications of expanded access to HIV/AIDS treatment, as exemplified by the 3 x 5 initiative, for prevention of HIV in children and young people and expanding support and care for orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. Achieving the 3 by 5 goal set by WHO would mean that millions fewer children would lose their parents. Community based, NGO and governmental work could be pre-emptive in supporting children who do become orphaned rather than responding to mitigate impact. There are examples of programme good practice which illustrate the feasibility of developing effective treatment and care programmes and key findings and recommendations are made in the concluding section
Since tobacco smoking continues to represent a serious public health problem worldwide, and digital telecommunications have shown an explosive growth in the last two decades, the present study aimed to document and analyze both areas from the standpoint of human behaviour. The authors propose ways to design and implement cognitive-behavioural interventions via the internet for smokers. The proposal explores such aspects as materials, cost-benefit and basic infrastructure needed for the eventual implementation of the intervention
Firstly statistical information about children under five affected by HIV/AIDS is documented along with the consequences of inadequate care for under five year olds. The special problems facing vulnerable children are addressed using age specific categories, including health and psychosocial concerns. Also examined are some cultural beliefs and traditions that impact upon children under five living in AIDS affected communities, including how orphans are perceived and treated. Who cares for under fives is also addressed, along with a critique of orphanages and alternative programmatic suggestions. The authors also review some assessment tools for the care of vulnerable children for feeding, health care and childrearing practices, and the time restraints of caregivers. There are some useful practical questions that can be put to communities and households in AIDS affected areas to assess the impact upon young children. Recommendations are then made as to appropriate strategies
This site contains a library of practically applicable materials on mother and child HIV infection including preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), infant feeding, clinical care of women and children living with HIV infection, and the support of orphans. The goal of the site is to contribute to an improvement in the scale and quality of international HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment programs for women and children by increasing access to authoritative HIV/AIDS information. Its aims are to disseminate state of the art clinical information and training resources on MTCT and related topics. It also communicates the best practices in preventing MTCT and caring for infected children. It aims to disseminate prevention of MTCT program resource materials, clinical information and training resources on perinatally acquired pediatric HIV infection. It is browseable and searchable through a basic 'free-text' search box. The site also features an up-to-date news section.
SEA-AIDS is an electronic-mail discussion and information service aimed at connecting the people building and shaping the response to HIV and AIDS in the South East Asia region. It aims to bring together a broad range of people including people living with HIV or AIDS; those working in government ministries, non-governmental and community-based organisations, and other national or international organisations; representatives of the business sector; and academic researchers. SEA-AIDSLink is for sharing experiences and information with colleagues throughout the region who have also joined the group. SEA-AIDSFiles allows you to get information and materials on HIV/AIDS in South East Asia by using simple e-mail commands.
For instance, a posting on 3 August 2004 concerns educating and empowering children with HIV. One participant from Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) argues that through cartoons and fairy tales, it is possible to promote the health and well-being of children living with HIV and AIDS. There is an urgent need to educate HIV positive children and MSF has developed tools to do this, because carers did not know how to approach them. The tools allowed carers to communicate properly with the children
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