"This evaluation reports on how well the United Nations High Commission for Refugees considers and provides for the well-being and mental health of persons of concern to the agency. Through a survey of UNHCR field staff, extensive literature and policy review, and key informant interviews with MHPSS experts from academic institutions, international agencies and non-governmental organizations, this review provides insight into how UNHCR’s current activities contribute towards improved mental health and psychosocial well-being of displaced persons and how UNHCR’s current policy frameworks relate to established practices and frameworks in the MHPSS field"
"This paper outlines the importance of applying a structural approach to vulnerability to disasters and presents evidence on the relationship between disability and disaster-related risks in low and middle income countries"
Note: Accepted under the "Addressing Inequalities" Global Thematic Consultation - Call for Proposals for Background Papers, Oct 2012
This resource outlines principles and interventions in relation to mental health and psychosocial support for conflict-related sexual violence
"Responding to the psychosocial and mental health needs of sexual violence survivors in conflict-affected Settings"
28-30 November 2011
"The ILEP Technical Commission (ITC) advises ILEP member associations on technical aspects of leprosy. A major review of research evidence in leprosy was published prior to the International Leprosy Congress in 2002. This current report updates that review based on research published between 2002-2009 and focuses on interventions for prevention, early diagnosis, chemotherapy, reactions, prevention of disability, stigma measurement and reduction and rehabilitation in leprosy"
Leprosy Review, Vol 81, Issue 3
This bibliography contains papers, reports and articles relating to the issue of HIV and AIDS and disability. "These papers reveal findings in relation to the impact of HIV/AIDS on people with disabilities, the disabling effects of HIV/AIDS, sexuality and disability, the attitude and stigma towards disability and interventions in different countries"
This report looks at the challenges in facilitating testing and disclosure for children in 0-6, 7-14 and 15-18 age groups. The report is based on operations research conducted by India HIV/AIDS Alliance in Andhra Pradesh and Manipur. This operations research was aimed at understanding current challenges with facilitating testing and disclosure for children, and to provide possible short to medium term solutions. Three broad objectives of the study were: * Identifying challenges and factors that prevent the community from seeking HIV testing of their children * Understanding issues related to disclosure of HIV status to children, and the social impact related to disclosure faced by parents and children * Using the study findings in formulating practical solutions to address these issues, and to come up with practical recommendations on building links between policy and practice
This collection of best practices on the prevention of mother to child transmission; treatment and care for women and children with HIV; vulnerability reduction for youth; and stigma reduction, aims to contribute to experience- and expertise-sharing about tailored interventions to meet the needs of target populations. The publication was produced by the United Nations Theme Group (UNTG) on AIDS, Working Group on Children to contribute to sharing between UN agencies, NGOs and bilateral organisations and civil society. The Chinese Campaign on HIV Prevention for Children and Young People was launched by the Government of China in September, 2006 under the global campaign 'Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS'
This guide is primarily for organisations implementing HIV and AIDS projects with sex workers and for organisations providing funding and technical support to these projects. It aims to help organisations understand and assess the importance of taking violence into account, and to help design and carry out activities to prevent and deal with violence against sex workers
This is an assessment of the state of the HIV epidemic in Asia, with recommendations for creating an effective response to it
This is an internal paper for the Department for International Development (DFID) that looks at information and evidence for the global prevalence of HIV stigma and how it is damaging people living with HIV and AIDS and their families, especially women. It also looks at evidence that this compromises effective responses to AIDS by lowering the uptake of preventative services and testing, delays disclosure, decreases care seeking and undermines treatment. The paper examines successful strategies that have been used to tackle stigma and suggests that DFID is well placed to help scale-up efforts and play a leading role in the international arena
This paper articulates the vulnerabilities and protection risks of children affected by AIDS and proposes practical actions to address them. It is a companion paper to "The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS". It aims to help translate government commitment into practice, building on the strategies laid out in the Framework
This volume of 'Crossings' is devoted to articles looking at the two-way connections between migration and HIV & AIDS. Not only can migration put people at greater risk of infection or reduce their access to medical care, but HIV & AIDS can also drive migration - both of adults and children
This document recognises that psychosocial support for children affected by HIV and AIDS is as important as responding to their material needs. It explores children's experience of loss and grief, and suggests ways to deal with aggressive behaviour and to overcome stigma and discrimination. Some of the topics discussed are accompanied by useful handouts. It is designed as a training tool for professionals working directly with children or in community building projects
This is the final evaluation report of the Child-Centered approaches to HIV/AIDS (CCATH) project which was funded by Comic Relief for the years 2000-2004. This report synthesizes the findings from two independent evaluations and from the participatory evaluation undertaken by the CCATH project partners and the communities with whom they work. Project interventions included: Memory Project work; life skills education and seminars for parents/guardians and children to improve dialogue; Child-to-Child activities in schools promoting communication amongst children and with their teachers; sensitisation and advocacy activities in communities and at national level. The report finds that these initiatives have helped break the silence around HIV/AIDS, strengthen children's coping skills, reduce stigma and discrimination, influence policy makers on child-centered issues around HIV/AIDS and share learning from the project. This report is a particularly good example of a child-sensitive methodology applied to evaluation
This study assesses the vulnerability, impact and coping mechanisms of disabled people on HIV and AIDS, and suggests strategies for developing an HIV and AIDS programme for disabled people’s organisations. Using participatory methodologies of inquiry, the study found that disabled people perceive themselves to be at higher risk of HIV infection due to their disability, regardless of their awareness levels. Their social exclusion from the mainstream HIV/AIDS services makes the situation worse. The study revealed that the many myths and misconceptions around HIV and disability increase the vulnerability of disabled people to HIV/AIDS, such as the belief that sex with a disabled person cleanses a person of HIV/AIDS. It also revealed that disabled people have limited access to HIV/AIDS information and limited use of HIV/AIDS services mainly because of the nature of their disability, the location of the facilities and the attitudes of service providers. In conclusion, the study revealed that disabled people are at a higher risk of infection by sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS due to their exclusion from mainstream HIV interventions. This situation is further exacerbated by the lack of policy framework on disability and HIV and AIDS
This study assesses the vulnerability, impact and coping mechanisms of parents of disabled children on HIV/AIDS and suggests strategies for developing an HIV and AIDS programme. Using participatory methodologies of inquiry, the study found that the parents of disabled children are at a higher risk of infection to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and/or HIV and that the risk increases as the parents try to cope with having a disabled child. Therefore, a disabled child in a family acts as one of the pre-disposing factors to the parents' infection and when an infection happens in a home, the quality of care for the very disabled child is compromised causing a vicious cycle of disability and HIV/AIDS at the household level.The study recommends that target-specific interventions should be designed and implemented for the parents of disabled children to address issues of HIV/AIDS and disability, empowerment and gender issues as well as sexual reproductive health
A report from a meeting for exchange and learning between organisations working with orphans and vulnerable children in India, looking community responses to working with this group. The experience of Plan International, Palmyrah Workers Development Society and the International HIV/AIDS Alliance was presented to the meeting. Specific responses to working with orphans and vulnerable children discussed in the report include lessons from a child participatory approach, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and the development of community action
A set of eight booklets designed to support programme design and practice at the community level around children made vulnerable or orphaned by HIV or AIDS in Africa. The resources are all locally adaptable and are based on the experience of Alliance, its partners and other organisations. The booklets are called "Overview"; "Psychosocial support"; "Health and nutrition"; "Economic strengthening"; "Education"; "Social inclusion"; "Older Carers"; and "Young children and HIV"
This workshop brought together stakeholders to reinforce awareness of the impact of HIV and AIDS on children and their caregivers, and to build commitment to action particularly at government level. The overall goal of this workshop was to support the scaling up of action for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) at country level
This study examines the role of incentives in encouraging companies in Thailand to adopt workplace policies and programmes that address stigma and discrimination and respond to the needs of workers for information and services
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion