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What are the impacts of approaches to increase the accessibility to education for people with a disability across developed and developing countries and what is known about the cost-effectiveness of different approaches?

KETT, Maria
OLIVER, Kathryn
June 2013

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This study presents a mapping of existing evidence that provides information about the impact of initiatives that provide education for children with disabilities, and also identifies any studies that provide an analysis about the cost-effectiveness of existing initiatives. It is useful for policymakers, researchers, practitioners, parents of children with disabilities and the children themselves

HIV/AIDS and disability global survey

January 2005

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The global survey on HIV/AIDS and disability is designed to identify, foster and disseminate research, policies and programmatic interventions concerning the impact of HIV/AIDS on populations with physical, sensory (deaf, blind), intellectual and mental health disabilities. This programme is concerned both with improving HIV/AIDS prevention efforts for disabled children, adolescents and adults and with mproving services and support for those individuals with disability who are HIV positive. The website contains examples of innovative programmes that are shared with the global survey team by people and organisations working in the field. There are also links to: information that has been collected through the survey, facts and figures on HIV/AIDS and disability, relevant papers, publications and notices of research, training sessions and conferences

HIV/AIDS : coping with the challenge [whole issue]

January 2005

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Explores the use of ICTs, particularly in HIV/AIDS interventions in South Asia, and provides case studies on how ICTs have been used: for example, an electronic helpline, the SAATHI's experience in HIV/AIDS response in India; and in HIV/AIDS responses by UNDP. Also includes articles that explore the issues of maintreaming HIV/AIDS in Asia, effective communication to women, funding of HIV/AIDS work, and policy on and political commitment to HIV/AIDS work in India

Lancet Neonatal Survival Series


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The goal of the Lancet Neonatal Survival Series is to provide information that will affect policy globally. The papers also provide a framework for practical action in countries so that these interventions reach families in greatest need. New information is given regarding critical factors related to neonatal deaths, where and why newborns die and assessments of the effectiveness and costs of interventions for newborn care. Practical steps are given to strengthen health care now in countries such as Ethiopia where 135,000 babies die every year, yet only five percent of women have a skilled care attendant during childbirth

HIV/AIDS : what about very young children?

DUNN, Alison
July 2004

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This short paper reflects findings from research carried out to identify current responses to meet the needs of children age 0-8 living in HIV/AIDS affected communities. The overall results show that at local, national and international levels there are gaps in programming and policy to engage ideas and mobilise resources to address the needs and experiences of very young children both infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. The question is then raised: What can we actually do to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities? Supporting existing family and community networks and current efforts that are being made by people confronting HIV/AIDS on a daily basis are important strategies. Conclusions are drawn indicating that services are required urgently to support very young children both directly and through the families and communities in which they live. Ways of listening to and including very young children in these processes need to be developed and used. Partnerships need to be developed between parents, families, NGOs, CBOs and government to ensure the holistic development of the child. At policy levels, very young children need to be included in programmes that address children, HIV/AIDS and community development. All government ministries can participate in meeting the needs of very young children in HIV/AIDS affected communities

Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

SEIFMAN, Richard

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The document suggests how services that address young children's needs might be fully integrated into a national multisectoral HIV/AIDS programme. It gives advice on developing national ECD policies, programmes and interventions, multisectoral ECD approaches, and ways to advocate, implement, monitor and evaluate these efforts. It makes suggestions of interventions for very young children and is a resource for other national HIV/AIDS programme topics

Gendering AIDS : women, men, empowerment, mobilisation


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This position paper explores the connections between gender inequality and HIV and AIDS. It draws on research conducted by VSO in South Africa, Namibia, India and Cambodia to understand the national and international-level policies on this issue, and the gap between policy and implementation. The research indicates three key areas where these issues can be addressed: the involvement of men in activities designed to reduce gender inequality and minimise the impact of HIV and AIDS; continued and sustained support of women's empowerment, including the implementation of existing policies and commitments; and addressing the immediate needs of women affected by HIV and AIDS, as carers, as people suffering from gender violence, and as individuals who need treatment for HIV and AIDS

Children, HIV/AIDS and communication in South Africa : a bibliographic review

FOX, Susan
OYOSI, Salome
PARKER, Warren
May 2002

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This list of books, articles and reports covers five topics: Policies, rights and statistics; Community and family impacts; Community and family responses; Children and communication; HIV/AIDS communication. Entries are carefully selected and many include thorough abstracts. It supports a literature review (also available online). It is searchable online through the CADRE website

Approaches to caring for children orphaned by AIDS and other vulnerable children : essential elements for a quality service

WILSON, Theresa
February 2001

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This research study examines responses to the care of orphaned children. The goal of the study is to develop policy recommendations for the care of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa. It complements a partner study into the cost effectiveness of care. Here quality care is that which meets the needs of children in a culturally acceptable way and enables them to realise their rights. It examines a variety of approaches to care from formal to non-formal ways and examples, and case studies are looked at in order to evaluate quality. Conclusions and recommendations are made around the continuum of approaches for the care of OVC, the capacity of households to care for OVC, mobilising communities to care for OVC, and providing a safety net for OVC

Evaluation and poverty reduction


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This collection of papers includes contributions from leading figures in development including policy makers and a Nobel Laureate. It covers a broad spectrum from methodological issues to policy concerns, whilst emphasising 'what works' in poverty reduction programmes. Contributors emphasise social funds and safety nets, social services, crisis prevention, informal social security and insurance systems, anti-corruption programmes, mobilisation of the poor and ultimately the creation of a workable civil society

Collaboration with traditional healers in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa : a literature review

KING, Rachel
September 2000

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This report gives an update on AIDS and traditional medicine in Africa. It continues to discuss the integration and collaboration of traditional medicine with national health care systems. Eight intervention projects in the resource-constrained settings of sub-Saharan Africa are selected from all interventions involving traditional healers and then compared

Women, children, and HIV


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This site contains a library of practically applicable materials on mother and child HIV infection including preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT), infant feeding, clinical care of women and children living with HIV infection, and the support of orphans. The goal of the site is to contribute to an improvement in the scale and quality of international HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment programs for women and children by increasing access to authoritative HIV/AIDS information. Its aims are to disseminate state of the art clinical information and training resources on MTCT and related topics. It also communicates the best practices in preventing MTCT and caring for infected children. It aims to disseminate prevention of MTCT program resource materials, clinical information and training resources on perinatally acquired pediatric HIV infection. It is browseable and searchable through a basic 'free-text' search box. The site also features an up-to-date news section.



Expand view is a collaboration between the DFID AIDS Policy Team, the UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development and the DFID Health Resource Centre, which produces the Eldis AIDS resource guide. brings together the contents of the resource guide with policy discussions and country resources which are currently under development. There is a new AIDSPortal resource section on orphans and vulnerable children. It is also possible to access country specific resources and contacts from civil society organisations. There is information about a recent symposium to support the sharing of best practice in OVC programming which includes an overview of issues around OVC

Policy Paper on psychosocial interventions in Lebanon


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"This document is a policy paper that presents a design for a national plan on psychosocial interventions. It aims to develop and promote the national plan established during the July 06 war, as well as at building on the results and recommendations of psychosocial needs assessments carried out so far. It also aims to provide a tool to help develop a more comprehensive and inherent psychosocial model"

International journal for equity in health

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International Journal for Equity in Health is an open access journal, which aims to further the state of knowledge about equity in health, and address the systematic and potentially remediable differences in health across populations and population groups defined socially, economically, demographically, or geographically. It focuses on advances in the areas of contributions to the conceptualization of influences on health and inequities in health and their mode of operation; advances in methods for studying inequities and evaluating interventions and policies to reduce them; pathways through which influences on health influence equity in health; evaluations of interventions that reduce inequities in health; and development, implementation, and evaluation of policies for reducing inequities in health
Free - Open access


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