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Children and HIV

AIDS INFONET
November 2005

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This factsheet summarises how children's bodies respond differently to HIV infection and treatment than adults; whre research on children and HIV is taking place; and treatment and adherence issues. Based on the context of the USA

Formative communication research on early childhood development in Uganda

BAUME, Carol A
et al
2004

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This is a report on findings of five years of communication research on parental interaction with young children in Uganda. The purpose was to identify factors that inhibit and encourage positive parental interactions (PPI) with young children, in order to guide the development of project communication and intervention strategies. The study covered opportunities for parent-child interaction, concepts of intelligence, parental role in school outcomes, beliefs and attitudes about child development, current parental interaction with children and behavioural analysis and program implications

HIV-infected women and their families : psychosocial support and related issues. A literature review

LINDSEY, Elizabeth
2003

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This review looks at global literature from academic institutions and UN agencies on psychosocial support and counselling, to HIV infected pregnant women and their families (from pre-conception to 2 years old). It also contains information about the efficacy of practices and projects that care for infected women and their families, especially methods used in relation to mother-to-child transmission during the perinatal period. There are also interesting examples of such projects from around the world. The final section of the review makes recommendations on psychosocial support and counselling for HIV infected women and families

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Asia : a practical guidance for programs

PREBLE, Elizabeth A
PIWOZ, Ellen G
June 2002

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This paper focuses on mother to child transmission of HIV in the five most affected countries in Asia -- Cambodia, China, India, Myanmar, and Thailand. The technical background and lessons learned, however, are relevant for the rest of the region. It discusses risk factors, issues of diagnosis and treatment of pediatric AIDS and experiences of prevention in Asia and elsewhere. In particular it looks at issues of: comprehensive maternal and child health (MCH) services; voluntary counselling and testing (VCT); antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis; counselling and support for safe infant feeding; optimal obstetric practices. This document is intended as a technical resource and a basis for discussion and it is aimed at governments, NGOs and other stakeholders working in HIV prevention in Asia

Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV : a guidance note

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2001

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Provides guidance and a basis for dialogue for DFID on reducing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Provides a detailed technical briefing and focuses on systems that need to be in place for effective MTCT prevention. Also identifies knowledge gaps where further research is required. Acknowledges that MTCT prevention is difficult to introduce in many countries because of weak health systems and high costs, but looks ahead to a time in the future when improved health systems will be able to support effective and efficient MTCT prevention

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