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Double exposure : disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

SWEENEY, Jacinta

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This paper argues that the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is in need of more attention. People with various disabilities are more exposed to contracting HIV/AIDS: firstly, because they are deprived of their right to HIV/AIDS information; secondly, because disabled women in particular are sexually exploited due to society’s paralleling of disability with worthlessness. Fundamentally, people with disabilities are further exposed to HIV/AIDS because they are socially excluded. The paper uses the social exclusion framework to argue that there is a need to view social exclusion, disability and HIV/AIDS as part of a relationship. It reviews the debate of definitions of disability and presents various scenarios that illustrate the overlap between poverty and disability, the inaccessibility of HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) and attitudinal discrimination towards disabled people. The response of some key donors, governments and non-governmental organisations to the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS is also reviewed. The paper concludes that the social exclusion framework is useful in order to understand the conceptualisation of disability and that this conceptualisation must be adapted to the social model, which removes the onus of disability from the person to society

Developing HIV/AIDS work with drug users : a guide to participatory assessment and response

August 2003

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This publication describes the steps to designing and carrying out a participatory assessment of the drug-related HIV/AIDS epidemic and other drug-related harms, drawing on regional workshops and experiences of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and its partners in Asia and the Ukraine. It uses a participatory assessment and response approach, which builds on the work of the Alliance in adapting participatory rural appraisal methods for HIV/AIDS work. The ten steps include setting up an advisory group, making contact and building trust, and analysing information [Publisher's abstract]

Children affected by HIV/AIDS : appraisal of needs and resources in Cambodia. Summary report

May 2000

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This report presents the findings of an appraisal carried out to determine vulnerability/resilience factors for children, explore how HIV/AIDS-related life events impact on these factors; identify the range of needs specific to children affected by AIDS; and to identify existing resources and potential strategies for meeting these needs. A secondary aim was to build the capacity of local NGO staff in participatory appraisal facilitation. The report also looks at lessons learned from other countries, and highlights steps that need to be taken


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