"Although efficient spending on health has always been a desirable goal, it is particularly critical in the face of recent threats, such as HIV/AIDS and drug-resistant bacteria, as well as the problems presented by increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), that threaten to roll back the significant health gains achieved in the past two decades. This book is an opportunity to assess anew the costs associated with and the health gains attainable from specific interventions and thereby better inform the allocation of new health funding."
"This study sought to compare the HIV knowledge and sexual practices of learners with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities and non-disabled learners (NDL) in Nigeria. Findings could help in the development of HIV interventions that are accessible to Nigerian learners with intellectual impairments"
Journal of the International AIDS Society, Vol 16
This bibliography contains papers, reports and articles relating to the issue of HIV and AIDS and disability. "These papers reveal findings in relation to the impact of HIV/AIDS on people with disabilities, the disabling effects of HIV/AIDS, sexuality and disability, the attitude and stigma towards disability and interventions in different countries"
This report looks at the challenges in facilitating testing and disclosure for children in 0-6, 7-14 and 15-18 age groups. The report is based on operations research conducted by India HIV/AIDS Alliance in Andhra Pradesh and Manipur. This operations research was aimed at understanding current challenges with facilitating testing and disclosure for children, and to provide possible short to medium term solutions. Three broad objectives of the study were: * Identifying challenges and factors that prevent the community from seeking HIV testing of their children * Understanding issues related to disclosure of HIV status to children, and the social impact related to disclosure faced by parents and children * Using the study findings in formulating practical solutions to address these issues, and to come up with practical recommendations on building links between policy and practice
This report provides in-depth information on: treatment and care for people living with HIV; HIV testing and counselling; health sector interventions for HIV prevention; scaling up HIV services for women and children; strengthening health systems and health information; and towards universal access as the way forward
This is an internal paper for the Department for International Development (DFID) that looks at information and evidence for the global prevalence of HIV stigma and how it is damaging people living with HIV and AIDS and their families, especially women. It also looks at evidence that this compromises effective responses to AIDS by lowering the uptake of preventative services and testing, delays disclosure, decreases care seeking and undermines treatment. The paper examines successful strategies that have been used to tackle stigma and suggests that DFID is well placed to help scale-up efforts and play a leading role in the international arena
A useful fact sheet, providing a brief but comprehensive overview of problems associated with children with HIV/AIDS. The majority of children with HIV/AIDS live in developing countries, and often have no access to health care, while diagnostic and treatment services for children are more expensive than for adults. The document shows how disparities between North and South are particularly visible in transmission prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Médecins Sans Frontières calls for: 1) WHO to develop a clear strategy to ensure that greater numbers of children receive antiretrovirals, 2) UNICEF to raise awareness about the fact that children are being excluded from AIDS treatment, and 3) pharmaceutical companies to facilitate access for children to antiretroviral therapy
This summary presents findings from exit interviews conducted with youth 14 to 21 years old leaving services at the AIDS Information Center and Naguru Teenage Information and Health Center in Kampala to measure satisfaction by youth with services, and in-depth interviews with counsellors to learn their views of the job and the new youth-focused services
This paper focuses on mother to child transmission of HIV in the five most affected countries in Asia -- Cambodia, China, India, Myanmar, and Thailand. The technical background and lessons learned, however, are relevant for the rest of the region. It discusses risk factors, issues of diagnosis and treatment of pediatric AIDS and experiences of prevention in Asia and elsewhere. In particular it looks at issues of: comprehensive maternal and child health (MCH) services; voluntary counselling and testing (VCT); antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis; counselling and support for safe infant feeding; optimal obstetric practices. This document is intended as a technical resource and a basis for discussion and it is aimed at governments, NGOs and other stakeholders working in HIV prevention in Asia
This briefing paper covers the issues involved in working with the military including HIV testing and HIV prevention in the armed forces
Report of the proceedings of a workshop aiming to build the capacities of health and social workers, and community leaders to mobilise their communities towards HIV prevention and care. The participants were selected from rural communities with the potential for a community-based approach. The workshop examined the community response model, and enabled participants to learn from the experinces of the participating countries and develop follow-up actions
This website provides the latest WHO and UNAIDS guidelines on voluntary counselling and testing programmes, as well as information about diagnostics, policy and advocacy documents, training materials, technical documents, resources about related topics and country and regional resources
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion