This report focuses on the growing trend to integrate home-based care initiatives with those serving children affected by HIV and AIDS. It advocates for integration, and looks at the challenges as well as the benefits of doing so. It looks in detail at the processes necessary to integrate CABA services into HBC through responding to five basic questions: Are CABA activities pre-existing or new? Does HBC change much as a result of integrating CABA activities? Is care provided by a single, general volunteer team or separate, specialised teams? Is support to children long-term or short-term? Do programmes have a holistic approach or a more narrow medical focus?