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Unmet needs and use of assistive products in two districts of Bangladesh: Findings from a household survey

PRYOR, Wesley
NGUYEN, Liem
ISLAM, Qumrun Naher
JALAL, Faruk, Ahmed
MANJULA, Marella
December 2018

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Access to assistive products (AP) is an under-researched public health issue. Using an adaptation of a draft World Health Organization tool—the ‘Assistive Technology Assessment—Needs (ATA-N)’ for measuring unmet needs and use of AP, we aimed to understand characteristics of AP users, self-reported needs and unmet needs for AP, and current access patterns in Bangladesh. The ATA-N was incorporated in a Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD), a population-based survey to estimate prevalence and correlates of disability. In each of two unions of Kurigram and Narsingdi districts, 60 clusters of 50 people each aged two years and older were selected using a two-staged cluster random sampling process, of whom, 4250 (59% Female; 41% Male) were adults, including 333 using AP. We estimate 7.1% of the studied population used any AP. AP use is positively associated with age and self-reported functional difficulty. The proportion of people using AP is higher for mobility than for sensory and cognitive difficulties. Of all people with any functional difficulty, 71% self-reported an unmet need for AP. Most products were home or self-made, at low cost, but provided benefits. Needs and unmet needs for AP are high, especially for people with greater functional difficulties. Assessing unmet needs for AP revealed important barriers to scale that can inform policy and practice.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2901;
doi:10.3390/ijerph15122901

New sign language new(S): the globalization of sign language in the smartphone era

TANNENBAUM-BARUCHI, Caroline
FEDER-BUBIS, Paula
October 2017

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"Languages are dynamic and change over the years. Changes in sign languages have been usually initiated to accommodate the needs of the local Deaf community. With the increase in smartphone use, sign languages are influenced not only by the local Deaf community, but also by foreign Deaf people on the other side of the screen, regardless of their location. Smartphones influence the sign language itself and the Deaf community by connecting different communities of Deaf people through messages, shared information and experiences, and news delivery. The popularity of this technology among Deaf communities is a social phenomenon emerging from Deaf people themselves. Smartphones may promote the globalization of sign language, shortening distances between Deaf communities around the world"

Disability & Society, Volume 33, 2018 - Issue 2

Inclusive Education Booklets and Webinars

UNICEF Europe and Central Asia Regional Office
February 2017

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With the view to promoting Inclusive Education systems, the UNICEF RO for CEE/CIS in collaboration with the Education and Disability Sections at HQ, has developed a cohesive set of products related to Inclusive Education, products that will support the capacity development of UNICEF staff and provide them with a set of materials that can be used in the field. Below you can find a series of webinars and companion booklets, each dedicated to a specific thematic area, under the overall title of A Rights-Based Approach to Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities.

The series is intended to provide practical guidance to UNICEF staff and their partners on the issues of Inclusive Education with a focus on children with disabilities, by exploring specific concerns, policy and implementation issues specific to thematic areas. The webinars provide the audience with the necessary tools and references to guide further study, and determine the capacity development needs of each country. Each webinar and its companion booklet was developed by an expert on a specific thematic area.

My disability matters – news website

REARDON, Dale
2017

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My Disability Matters (MDM) provides a news and article curation and republishing service to alert readers to stories published in the mainstream and disability media and disability niche blogs that relate to disability and disability advocacy. News based in various parts of the world: Australia, Canada, Europe, New Zealand, Rest of World, UK, USA

Evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of the ‘Care for Stroke’ intervention in India, a smartphone-enabled, carer-supported, educational intervention for management of disability following stroke

SURESHKUMAR, K
MURTHY, G V S
NATARAJAN, S
GOENKA, S
KUPER, H
February 2016

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This study aimed to identify operational issues encountered by study participants in using the ‘Care for Stroke’ intervention and to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. ‘Care for Stroke’ is a smartphone-enabled, educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke. It is delivered through a web-based, smartphone enabled application (app). It includes inputs from stroke rehabilitation experts in a digitised format. Sixty stroke survivors discharged from hospital in Chennai, South India, and their caregivers participated in the study. The preliminary intervention was field-tested with 30 stroke survivors for 2 weeks. The finalised intervention was provided to a further 30 stroke survivors to be used in their homes with support from their carers for 4 weeks. Field-testing identified operational difficulties related to connectivity, video-streaming, picture clarity, quality of videos, and functionality of the application. Assessment was carried out by direct observation and short interview questionnaires. 

 

 

Libraries, literacy and poverty reduction : a key to African development

MCHOMBU, Kingo
2006

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This research paper explores the potential for libraries to empower communities and fight poverty in Africa, through promoting literacy and providing access to relevant information. The author outlines the challenges that libraries and information centres in Africa face; and the potential that linkages with local and international partners could bring. Case studies illustrate how library networks in three countries address the challenges and serve their communities. Recommendations for library networks highlight the need for skilled personnel, partnerships, a remit to create and share local content, appropriate use of technology, and better and more responsive monitoring and evaluation. Recommendations for governments and donor agencies include creating national information policies, filling a 'coordinating' role in the information environment, investing in literacy, and expanding public library networks

Eldis OnDisc : Feasibility study for document caching and CD-ROM creation and distribution project

INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
June 2005

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This report documents the Institute of Development Studies' investigation into the feasibility of creating Eldis OnDisc, a CD-ROM derived from their extensive website of development information. This report provides: background to the proposal, description of how the feasibility study was conducted, findings from the user survey, publisher survey, and other interviews, recommended next steps, and suggested budget. Annexes include user and publisher surveys, potential copyright agreements, and user and publisher responses to their proposal. The report concludes that there is a substantial market for offline distribution of Eldis-identified documents, and that publishers and distributors seem very interested in participating in this. Key findings from the survey are that: users still have problems accessing full text on the internet and have a need for offline access to such content, for both their own work and that of their colleagues; publishers are generally willing to release copyright, but there is a major logistical task in collecting the agreements although there is a growing interest in open-source content provision; users see value in a range of disc formats, including both single subject and multiple subject discs; and finally, small scale, high-impact distribution is possible. The business case for Eldis' involvement in such distribution is leverage of the IDS network of information service consumers

China AIDS Survey

SETTLE, Edmund
2005

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China AIDS Survey aims to provide historical and analytical resources for relevant HIV/AIDS stakeholders, including educational and advocacy groups, government and civil society actors, and policy / media organizations, a diverse database dedicated to the AIDS crisis in China. China AIDS Survey consists of concise overviews of the main issues concerning HIV/AIDS in China; annotated chronologies charting the course of the AIDS epidemic in China over a span of 20 years; a glossary of over 200 AIDS-related terms and phrases in Chinese (characters and pinyin) and English; and a collection official statements and other relevant documents on HIV/AIDS in China and as a non-traditional security issue

World disasters report 2005 : focus on information in disasters [summary]

INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION ON RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES (IFRCS)
2005

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This report considers the quality of communication between aid givers and receivers, and what impact this has on vulnerable people. The report examines how information is handled before, during and after disasters. It analyses thematic issues such as consulting with affected people, assessing needs, mapping risks and sharing information. It looks at the role of both local and international media, and the impact of information and communication technology on humanitarian relief. The report calls on agencies to focus less on gathering information for their own needs and more on exchanging information with the people they seek to support

The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in African public library services

ROSENBURG, Diana
July 2004

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This article concerns the use of computers in public libraries in developing countries. To investigate the current level of use of ICTs and plans for the future within the public library environment, a survey was undertaken of 22 public library services in ten English-speaking African countries. The results indicate great disparities in the level of access to computers between the countries, and within country, and indicate a need for more funding and appropriate training

World youth report 2003 : the global situation of young people

UNITED NATIONS. Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Ed
2004

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Overall, young people today are better off than previous generations, but many are still severely hindered by a lack of education, poverty, health risks, unemployment and the impact of conflict. The World Youth Report 2003 provides an overview of the global situation of young people. The first ten chapters focus on the priority areas of education, employment, extreme poverty, health issues, the environment, drugs, delinquency, leisure time, the situation of girls and young women, and youth participation in decision-making as identified by the World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) adopted by the General Assembly in 1995. The remaining five chapters address some of the newer issues that were later identified as additional priorities for youth and were adopted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 2003

Making information user-driven

LLOYD-LANEY, Megan
March 2003

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This brief document describes the issues and priorities involved in making information accessible. It explains that tailoring information to suit your audience increases the likelihood that your information will be accessed and taken up. To provide user-driven information it is important to understand who your target audience is, what information they want/need, how they access information and whether you are trying to inform or influence your audience. With this knowledge you can provide the information your target audience wants, in media they can use, and place your information where your audience will look for it. If you are clear about who has produced the information, who it is intended for and its purpose, the user can make informed decisions about the value of your information. Involving end users in research is also more likely to produce outputs that are quickly disseminated and taken up. Awareness of the strategic role of information within your organisation can be enhanced by encouraging all organisation members to become involved in identifying information needs, dissemination and community building

Blue trunk libraries : selected publications

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) Library and Information Networks for Knowledge
2003

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The Blue Trunk Library is a 'ready-to-use' mini-library designed for district health centres in Africa as a means of compensating for the lack of up-to-date medical and health information. The mini-libraries which consist of more than one hundred books and three journal subscriptions, are contained in blue metal trunks to ensure easy transportation and protection. Priority is given to practical manuals (especially those published by WHO) offering accessible solutions to the medical, public health and management problems medical and health staff may have to face

Learning Resource Center (LRC) Project best practices and lessons learned : a guide to improving healthcare through information and communication technology

CARNEVALE, Irina
STOREY, Mark
2003

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This report provides specific guidelines and recommendations that can be applied wholly or in part by healthcare institutions worldwide that are seeking to adapt the Learning Resource Centre (LRC) model to improve the quality of healthcare they provide, through improving the access of health professionals to healthcare information resources. The LRC model, which was initially developed in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly-Independent States, has two components - dedicated resources and appropriate personnel - which it identifies as necessary for the successful application of information and communication technologies to healthcare improvement

Presenter's guide : preparing a user-friendly presentation

NATIONAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CONSORTIUM FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG ADULTS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND
2003

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This concise guide gives tips and advice on the production of user-friendly and easy to understand presentations, dealing with issues such as appropriate language to use, working with interpreters, using alternative formats, Braille, and using suitable equipment such as computer software and overhead projectors

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