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Getting started in electronic publishing

MORRIS, Sally
2006

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Many journals around the world struggle to attract authors and readers, and frequently suffer from a lack of resources - both human and financial. In addition, research habits are changing and researchers increasingly expect any information to be found online which means that a journal which cannot be located on the web may be effectively invisible. Online publications can help to address some of these issues. At the same time, many readers still seem to prefer print so it may not be possible to stop producing a print edition as well.
Publishing a journal electronically sounds very attractive. There are a number of good reasons for doing so, but it does have disadvantages too. Before committing to the effort and expense involved in online publication, it is sensible to look carefully at both the advantages and disadvantages. In the end, the decision will depend on what the main objectives are, so it is important to be clear about the reasons for publishing in the first place: what information is being disseminated, and to whom

eHealth tools and services : needs of the member states. Report of the WHO Global Observatory for eHealth

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) GLOBAL OBSERVATORY FOR EHEALTH
2006

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This is a report on some of the findings of a global survey on eHealth carried out by the Global Observatory for eHealth (GOe), concerning the needs for eHealth tools and services. The survey found that WHO Member States would welcome an active involvement of WHO in the development of generic eHealth tools, while particularly non-OECD members would benefit form guidance on eHealth issues. It also found that needs vary even among OECD countries, and that existing eHealth tools and services should be better known. The report recommends that WHO should actively intervene in the provision of generic tools (eg, drug registries, patient record systems, health professional directories), facilitate access to existing tools, promote knowledge exchange, provide eHealth information and promote eLearning programmes

UNESCO guidelines on language and content in HIV- and AIDS-related materials

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)
January 2006

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This document contains guidelines on the use of language and content in HIV- and AIDS-related documents and contexts. As stigma and discrimination are often attached to the disease, the use of culturally-sensitive and appropriate terminology and ethical considerations in the production of materials are vital. Contains seven tables addressing commonly used terminology; stigmatising terms and expressions; culturally sensitive language; precision and differentiation of certain terms; cultural issues and practices; audio and visual content. Table 5 presents some specific examples. Each problematic term or approach is briefly discussed and provided with an alternative/preferred substitute. These guidelines are an essential tool for anyone working in the field of HIV and AIDS

CBR as part of community development : a poverty reduction strategy

HARTLEY, Sally
Ed
2006

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Contents: 1. Community-based Rehabilitation Africa Network (CAN) 2. CBR as part of community development and poverty reduction 3. CBR as part of social, cultural and political developement 4. CBR and economic empowerment of persons with disabilities 5. Community-based rehabilitation as part of inclusive education and development 6. CBR as part of community health development 7. HIV and AIDS, and disability 8. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and CBR 9. CBR research as part of community development 10. Information sharing and community-based rehabilitation 11. The Malawi directory of disability organisations

Inclusion of persons with disabilities in China

GUOZHONG, Eric Zhang
2006

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This article presents a situation analysis of disability in China. Over the last few years the conditions of over 60 million persons with disabilities in China have progressively improved, but they remain a vulnerable group often excluded in the transition processes currently taking place in the country. The paper analyses the legislative framework and explore how inclusion is promoted in areas such as education, employment, housing and culture

Knowledge management and organisational learning development : KM4Dev workshop background paper

PASTEUR, Kath
PETTIT, Jethro
SCHAGEN, Boudy van
2006

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This paper presents an overview of the theory and practice of knowledge management and organisational learning and their application to development. It suggests that a new generation of ideas on this theme is emerging, where values are made explicit and reflected upon, and learning processes are 'more client oriented, demand led, and requiring concerted effort to engagement on level platforms. In addition it implies mutual engagement in a systemic whole, reaching beyond organisational boundaries'

Perceptions and practice : an anthology of impact assessment experiences

SAYCE, Kay
NORRISH, Patricia
2006

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This book presents eleven case studies of impact assessment in information and communication projects such as CATIA, Reflect's ICT projects in India, Tearfund's Footsteps project, Bernard van Leer Foundation's Effectiveness Initiative and others. Each case study begins with a summary of the study, followed by first-hand accounts of the key people involved in each assessment. The central issues raised by the studies include learning and accountability, attribution, context, communication, donor issues, resources, and planning. The case studies are bracketted by sensitive and analytical introductory and concluding chapters, which synthesize the practitioners' voices from the case studies, contextualise them in wider debates in development impact assessment, evaluation and learning

Who is in...and for what? An analysis of stakeholders' influences in CBR

FINKENFLUGEL, Harry
January 2006

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"CBR builds on the active involvement of people with disabilities, volunteers, community rehabilitation workers, trainers, planners, and policy makers and can therefore best be viewed as a ‘web of interactions’ between and among these people." This paper uses a stakeholder analyses to explore CBR working processes
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 17, No 1

Natural sign language and proficiency in learning Setswana sign language and curriculum content among students with hearing impairment in Botswana

MUKHOPADHYAY, Sourav
SISON, Waldetrudes
2006

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Language as 'mother tongue' is the first language in which one can express oneself fully as a tool for communication. Children acquire the mother tongue with seeming ease. Language theorists have offered various explanations about how children acquire and learn how to use language. The common element in the explanations is the innate force or power within the child and the opportunities for communication within the environment. Children with hearing impairment do not learn oral language the way it is acquired by hearing children. Because of the impairment, gestural communication which is the forerunner of language acquisition in normal children, are elaborated and end up as homesign or self-styled communication systems. This paper explores the relationship between homesign language as mother tongue of children with hearing impairment and their performance in learning the academic subjects and the second sign language formally taught in school

An analysis of reading errors of dyslexic readers in Hindi and English

GUPTA, Ashum
JAMAL, Gulgoona
2006

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[Authors' abstract] : The present study examined the nature of reading errors made by dyslexic readers in Hindi and English. A detailed analysis of error type showed 60% and 57% of phonological errors; 15% and 35% of orthographic errors; 25% and 7% of mixed errors; and 0.38% and 0.94% of unrelated errors in Hindi and English, respectively. Further, in both Hindi and English, the majority (65% & 69%, respectively) were the scaffolding errors, followed by the errors preserving the initial phoneme (22% & 23%, respectively), errors preserving the final phoneme (9% & 6%, respectively) and errors with orthographic overlap (4% & 2%, respectively). In Hindi, a far greater percentage of nonword (89%) than word (11%) errors was found, whereas in English, 54% of nonword and 46% of word errors was found. A significant correlation was found between reading accuracy in Hindi and in English. The findings are discussed in terms of linguistic interdependence hypothesis and orthographic transparency

Libraries, literacy and poverty reduction : a key to African development

MCHOMBU, Kingo
2006

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This research paper explores the potential for libraries to empower communities and fight poverty in Africa, through promoting literacy and providing access to relevant information. The author outlines the challenges that libraries and information centres in Africa face; and the potential that linkages with local and international partners could bring. Case studies illustrate how library networks in three countries address the challenges and serve their communities. Recommendations for library networks highlight the need for skilled personnel, partnerships, a remit to create and share local content, appropriate use of technology, and better and more responsive monitoring and evaluation. Recommendations for governments and donor agencies include creating national information policies, filling a 'coordinating' role in the information environment, investing in literacy, and expanding public library networks

Multimedia training kit : AIDS reporting | Multimedia training kit

CLAYTON, Julie
2006

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This section of iTrainOnline's 'Multimedia training kit' (MMTK) is dedicated to reporting on HIV and AIDS. It consists of two units: the first, 'HIV/AIDS journalism and communication skills', aims to give participants the confidence and skills to communicate more effectively about HIV/AIDS research and other HIV/AIDS issues. The second, 'Finding and evaluating HIV/AIDS information on the internet', provides guidance on finding and evaluating the wide variety of HIV/AIDS information and resources available on the internet. Supplementary materials include a list of HIV-related email discussion forums, a glossary and a list of other HIV information sources

Right to information for people with disability

Sakshi Trust
ActionAid India
2006

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This is a guide for people wanting to access information under India's Right to Information Act (2005) in the context of disability. It has been designed for use by NGOs, parents of disabled children, care givers, students or anyone concerned with disability. It contains a detailed background on the different benefits that a disabled person is entitled to from the government. The main topics covered are disability certification, education, employment, public access, poverty alleviation schemes, assistive devices and complaint process and as such will be useful to any one seeking general information as well. A list of pre-formatted draft applications for people seeking information from any State or central office is included

Civil society perspectives on TB policy in Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Thailand

Public Health Watch, Open Society Institute
2006

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This publication contains an overview of the common themes and funding resulting from five country reports, and the five reports themselves. The World Health Organization has designated all five as TB-high burden countries. The research findings show a low level of awareness about TB, and TB and HIV co-infection; about how TB is transmitted and how it can be cured; and about the link between poverty and TB; as well as low media coverage of TB and a lack of strong communication strategies for national TB programmes. It also contains country-specific recommendations

We are one, but we are many : new thinking on how communication can support HIV social movements to achieve inclusive social change

STACKPOOL-MOORE, Lucy
2006

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"Social movements have been identified as powerful forces for inclusive social change in local, national and international responses to HIV and AIDS. They have generated spaces where people can come together for mutual support and to raise awareness about an issue affecting their lives." This paper explores recent research about social movements, public debate and communication and makes the case for analysing social movements within communications and social change frameworks

Maximising the impact of development research : how can funders encourage more effective research communication?

BARNARD, Geoff
CARLILE, Liz
RAY, Deepayan Basu
2006

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This Report is the main output of a workshop that was held in October 2006 to ask the question How can funders encourage more effective research communication? The workshop brought together invited participants drawn from three groups: research funders (international agencies, foundations, and research councils involved in funding development research); research organisations and networks from around the world involved in carrying out research, and with an interest in effective research communication; and knowledge intermediaries involved in communicating research

Inside voices : CBR workers stories

OKUNE, Joan
Ed
2006

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This book is an output from three CBR writing workshops held in Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi with the aim to facilitate the capacity of CBR workers to communicate their experiences thus increasing documentation of CBR practices in Africa. The book contains articles based on participants’ experience of CBR and is useful to anyone interested in CBR experiences in Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi

Disaster preparedness for vulnerable populations : determining effective strategies for communicating risk, warning, and response

SULLIVAN, Helen T
HAKKINEN, Markku T
January 2006

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"Vulnerable populations, including those with disabilities, the elderly, the situationally disabled, and those with special needs are at particular risk in a disaster. Communicating preparedness and warning information is critical for these groups...This paper explores the challenges faced by vulnerable populations and discusses strategies that may prove effective in providing preparedness information to these groups. An ongoing project to develop accessible Tsunami preparedness information in Japan is described and the applicability of the results globally is discussed"

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