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CIRRIE database of international rehabilitation research

CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL REHABILITATION AND RESEARCH INFORMATION AND EXCHANGE (CIRRIE)
January 2006

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Includes references to over 24,000 materials about international rehabilitation research conducted outside the USA. Most of the references include abstracts or links to the full text of the material. The database offers a detailed search facility allowing users to select broad, narrow or related search terms from a detailed thesaurus, as well as specify geographical region, language, or year of publication of materials. A very useful database, materials indexed are mainly articles from a wide range of journals including 'Disability and Rehabilitation', 'Asia and Pacific Journal on Disabilty', and 'International Journal of Rehabilitation Research'. In addition to indexing from mainstream journals and internet sites, CIRRIE also includes citations to resources not readily available to U.S. researchers

Employment leads to independent living and self-advocacy : a comparative study of employed and unemployed persons with cognitive disabilities

SHARMA, Raj Narayan
SINGH, Shobra
KUTTY, A T Thressia
2006

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[Authors' abstract] : The main purpose of this study was to measure the effect of employment on independent living and self-advocacy of persons with cognitive disabilities. The other purposes of the paper were to measure the effect of severity of disability and type of employment, on self-advocacy skills and independent living skills. A ten item-five point rating scale was developed to measure the independence level and self advocacy of persons with cognitive disabilities. A qualitative and quantitative study of fifty unemployed and fifty employed persons with cognitive disabilities was carried out. The results were statistically analysed and a significant difference was found between the groups, with the unemployed persons with cognitive disabilities scoring significantly lower in independent living and self-advocacy skills. Those in open employment showed more independent living and self-advocacy skills than those in group employment. The practical implications of the findings of this study are discussed

ILEP learning guide four : how to prevent disability in leprosy

CROSS, Hugh
MAHATO, Margaret
2006

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"This book is for all health workers who may have to help people who have nerve damage to their eyes, hands and feet. It will help them to encourage patients to develop a lifetime habit of caring for nerve-damaged parts. The content of this book complements the recommendations in the Operational Guidelines of the World Health Organization"
Note: This resource is available to download in three parts

Disablist Britain : barriers to independent living for disabled people in 2006

MILLER, Paul
GILLINSON, Sarah
HUBER, Julia
January 2006

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This report draws on qualitative and quantitative evidence to portray the extent of institutional discrimination in services for health, rehabilitation, welfare, employment, built environment, media coverage and education. It also addresses societal stigma and its impact on disabled peoples lack of access to goods and services. This report would be useful for anyone with an interest in human rights and approaches to disability issues

STEP : an intervention to address the issue of stigma related to leprosy in southern Nepal

CROSS, Hugh
CHOUDHARY, Ramesh
December 2005

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"This paper focuses primarily on the extent to which a Stigma Elimination Programme (STEP) affected the social participation of people affected by leprosy in southern Nepal. The Participation Scale (popularly known as The P Scale) was applied to compare leprosy affected people who participated in STEP groups with a control group comprising leprosy affected people who lived in villages where STEP had not been implemented"
Leprosy Review, Vol 76, Issue 4

Active life expectancy and functional limitations among older Cambodians : results from a 2004 survey

ZIMMER, Zachary
August 2005

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'This study's aims are to: (1) determine the prevalence of functional limitations among older adults in Cambodia using activities of daily living (ADLs); (2) compare limitation prevalence with other countries in the region; (3) estimate active life expectancy; (4) examine standard correlates of functional status and assess whether they are associated with limitation in expected ways. ADLs included here are bathing, dressing, eating, and getting up from lying down. Degree of difficulty is used to determine whether limitations are moderate or severe. Results are generally consistent with expectations. For example, women live longer than men but spend a greater proportion of life with limitations, and older age is related to higher rates of limitation and less active life. Elderly Cambodians appear more likely to report limitations than their counterparts in neighboring countries. A contribution of the analysis is the examination of a basic measure of health among a population that until recently has been isolated from the rest of the world.'

Children at play : a childhood beyond the Confucian shadow

BAI, Limin
2005

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This article presents a historical overview of Chinese attitudes to children's play activities. While Confucian and neo-Confucian scholars based their pedagogical teaching on an idealised image of childhood and showed a hostile attitude to play, games and toys, traditional China accepted children's right to play. Furthermore, a dualism between play activities and daily life activities was alien to Chinese traditional society, and games were rather understood as interwoven into daily life in many ways. This paper can be particularly useful to researchers and practitioners keen on exploring the cultural foundations of childhood and children's education in contemporary China

Self care : a catalyst for community development

CROSS, Hugh
CHOUDHURY, Ramesh
2005

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[Authors' abstract]: This paper presents salient findings from an evaluation of a programme designed to address the issue of leprosy related stigma in southern Nepal. The programme under the acronym STEP (Stigma Elimination Programme) adopted an approach that was dependent on the empowerment of people affected by leprosy. Empowerment was facilitated, primarily through selfcare group association. The premise was that, as people became increasingly self confident, as an effect of self-care, their focus could be shifted from the pursuit of personal goals to activities that could be undertaken for the benefit of their communities. As the self-care groups evolved, all 10 groups adopted a community development agenda. This paper outlines the projects that the groups planned and initiated and describes the method used to validate their efforts. It also gives results of surveys conducted to assess the impact of the programme on stigma, activity limitation and impairment

Resilience and success of persons with disabilities in Ethiopia

TEFERRA, Tirussew
2005

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"This is an empirical cross-disability study among successful persons with hearing, visual and motor impairments. It tries to explore the threads of resilience which may be attributed to personal as well as environmental factors within the Ethiopian context. As it is the first attempt in the country, it is presumed to bring a fresh insight in the field and serve as a basis future intervention and research endeavour"
Chapter 5 from the book "Disability in Ethiopia: Issues, Insights and Implications" by Tirussew Teferra

Disabled people and the internet : experiences, barriers and opportunities

PILLING, Doria
BARRET, Paul
FLOYD, Mike
2004

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This report explores how provision of goods and services over the Internet affects people’s lives. While the Internet might have some capability to provide goods, services and communication at a distance, improving access in doing so, some research findings in the early days of e-commerce suggested diminished access for some groups.
This research focuses on the impact of the Internet on people with disabilities. There is the possibility that provision of information and services through the Internet might actually narrow rather than widen choices, because it might lead to the phasing out of traditional ways of providing services preferred by some disabled people

Model national personal assistance policy

RATZKA, Adolf
Ed
2004

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Social policy is often characterised by legislation and administration hindering people who depend on it to benefit from it. This paper suggests we recognise the right of disabled people to have the power of decision. The concept of direct payments can help to provide better quality services which are person-centred and which help to eliminate monopolies in the field of social work

From autonomy to dependency : barriers to independent living encountered by elderly Palestinian refugees in Lebanon

LEMIRE, Xavier
DUBOIS-RONDON, Bénédicte
LEPRESLE, Claude-André
2004

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This survey explores the situation of elderly Palestinian people living in camps in Lebanon, covering both individual abilities and environmental resources, and identifies the main obstacles to their leading an independent life. The aim is to determine how to improve access to their rights and to adequate services

Direct payments schemes for people with disabilities

NOLAN, Ann
REGAN, Colm
2003

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This report outlines the possible effects of direct payment schemes for disabled people. Direct payments essentially involve relevant statutory agencies giving cash to people with disabilities to purchase their own support services directly. They are designed to offer individuals with a disability significant choice and control over the type of service wanted and/or needed and so to enhance independence and autonomy. Direct payments primarily relate to the delivery of community care services, but employment supports and housing grants are also relevant and suitable to a direct payments system. The concept of direct payments developed against a background of creative tension between the medical and the social models of disability

Stories of love, pain and courage : AIDS orphans and memory boxes

DENIS, Philippe
MAKIWANE, Nokhaya
2003

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This article reports on a project by the Sinomlando Centre for Oral History, in which memory boxes were used with young children in South Africa who had recently lost a parent due to AIDS. The act of making memory boxes and talking about the memories to be stored within it creates a space for families and communities to talk about life, death and plans for the future. This communication creates a psychosocial support network for young children with the aim of promoting resiliency so that they may be better able to cope with their loss. The article includes a short methodology of how the results of the project were gathered and three detailed case studies

Memory box programme : training manual

DENIS, Philippe
MAFU, Sibongile
MAKIWANE, Nokhaya
2003

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This manual aims to give community workers and volunteers a basic understanding of the psycho-social needs of children in need and the basic skills in memory-box methodology

The experience of self-care groups with people : ALERT, Ethiopia

BENBOW, Catherine
TAMIRU, Teferra
September 2001

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This paper describes the development of self-care groups in Ethiopia by ALERT, and the successes and failures experienced in the process. The groups were started in 1995 in response to two main problems, the increasing number of people dependent on ALERT to heal their wounds despite years of health education, and the limited financial resources of ALERT for wound healing supplies
Leprosy Review, Vol 72, Issue 3

An intensive self care training programme reduces admissions for the treatment of plantar ulcers

CROSS, Hugh
NEWCOMBE, Lesley
September 2001

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"This paper describes, in detail, an intensive 14 day Self Care Training Programme that is conducted at Lalgadh Leprosy Services Centre in Nepal. An evaluation of the programme was undertaken in which hospital admission for infected plantar ulceration was the outcome measure. This paper presents an overview of the issues related to impairment, a description of the Self Care Training Programme, an analysis of the evaluation results and a discussion of the findings"
Leprosy Review, Vol 72, Issue 3

If blindness comes

MAURER, Marc
Ed
2001

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This book focuses on activities of daily life and encourages an independent lifestyle for a visually disabled person. It is useful for parents and carers of visually disabled people

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