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ICTs in education for people with special needs

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL,SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO) Institute for Information Technologies in Education
2006

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"The course is intended to provide the specialists involved in education of people with special educational needs (SEN), with an overview of main ways, methods, and principles of information and communication technology (ICT) usage in their professional activities.
Materials of the course represent the best international experience, supported by comprehensive training materials and special sections with references, summaries, glossary, assignments, and bibliography for supplementary readings. The course offers the opportunities to acquire knowledge and develop practical skills on specifics of ICT application in faceto-face and distance education meeting the needs of six main groups of disabilities: physical, visual, hearing, speech and language, cognitive, learning. Particular emphasis of the course is placed upon the basic aspects of ICT policy development in special needs education (SNE), including promotion of ICT infrastructure, integration of ICTs into curriculum, training and retraining of ICT specialists in SNE
The materials presented in the course will be of interest to a wide range of specialists involved in education of people with SEN, from high-level policy- and decision-makers to researchers, teachers, programme planners, and curriculum developers"

Disability, inclusion and development : key information resources

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
December 2005

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This directory of information resources pulls together over 300 of the most practical and useful books, reports, videos, CD-ROMs and websites on disability. It is aimed at organisations working with disabled people in developing countries. Organised thematically, It covers a wide range of issues including human rights, gender, poverty and mainstreaming, as well as planning and management of disability programmes and service delivery relating to children, community-based rehabilitation, mental health and HIV and AIDS. The directory provides a quick reference listing of information resources with clear abstracts and details of distributors and websites, while the CD-ROM contains many published and un-published full-text documents, as well as links to websites for those who can access the Internet. The index of publishers and distributors will be especially useful to resource centres and information services which collect and manage information on disability and development

Education : a right for all children [whole issue]

December 2005

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This issue focuses on inclusive education, and the right of every child to access education. It emphasises that accessibility needs to be improved, with changes to the physical environment but equally to the curriculum and teaching methodologies. It stresses, however, that process of inclusion and mainstreaming are not just a matter for the professionals. There is a need to raise awareness within the local community, and change deep-seated attitudes and preconceived ideas by sharing successful stories

Children and adults with disabilities

Swedish Agency for International Development Cooperation (SIDA)
Ed
December 2005

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This position paper concerns the processes for mainstreaming disability in development cooperation. Specifically, it is concerned with the ways in which SIDA can ensure that disabled people are active participants in development work and decision-making processes. The paper includes strategic areas for including persons with disabilities in SIDA's policies and programmes (on education, HIV and AIDS, poverty reduction, etc) along with a range of useful resources on global disability rights and websites on disability issues. This paper would be useful to anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in development cooperation, and in particular, to policy-makers, NGOs, and disabled people's organisations

Participatory methods toolkit : a practitioner's manual

SLOCUM, Nikki
September 2005

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This publication provides practical information for starting up and managing participatory projects. It presents and discusses ten participatory techniques, methods or applications, including participatory assessment, monitoring and evaluation (PAME). Each method is defined, and indications of when to use it are given. There is a detailed discussion of how to implement each method, including budget considerations. These methods and techniques can be adapted or combined to suit specific projects. The manual is for use by practitioners who want to familiarise themselves with a variety of participatory methods, and can also be used as an introductory resource for less experienced development workers

Strengthening inclusive education by applying a rights-based approach to education programming

SANKULL, Olof
August 2005

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This paper clarifies the underlying concepts of a rights-based approach to education programming. The aim is to increase awareness of the importance of human rights in underpinning development cooperation and programming, and to foster a discussion on the practical aspects of implementation. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in inclusive education

Education for all : the cost of accessibility

STEINFIELD, Edward
August 2005

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This is a summary of key issues related to the costs of accessible school infrastructure. It proposes universal design as a cost-effective approach that benefits all, providing guidelines for cost control. This would be useful for people interested in accessible school infrastructure

Lessons from the Disability Knowledge and Research (KaR) Programme

ALBERT, Bill
2005

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This publication summarises the findings and broader 'lessons learned' from the Disability KaR programme (2003-2005). The programme developed a strong focus on mainstreaming disability in development, saw partnerships grow between organisations in developed and developing countries, and saw disabled people taking a lead in research

Guidelines for inclusion : ensuring access to education for all

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)
2005

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"This paper is intended to systematize how excluded children are planned for in education. It begins with a brief introduction, which provides a historical perspective on the origins of inclusion and describes the shift from integration towards inclusion. It is then divided into three main parts.
The first provides a theoretical framework. It defines inclusion, explains how it is founded in a human rights approach and how it relates to factors such as quality and cost-effectiveness.
The second part looks at more practical changes at the school level. It outlines the key elements in the shift towards inclusion with a particular focus on the key players including teachers, parents and educational policymakers as well as curricula.
The third part brings together the first two sections by providing tools for policymakers and educational planners for hands-on analysis of education plans."

Community capacity enhancement handbook : the answer lies within

GUEYE, Moustapha
et al
2005

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This manual draws on the experience and practice of the UNDP Community Capacity Enhancement programme, known as CCE. The programme addresses the underlying causes of HIV/AIDS, including power relations, gender issues, stigma or discrimination. The programme makes extensive use of the Community Conversations methodology - an interactive and systematic dialogue with the community - as a means to policy making participation and action. This manual is designed for CCE trainers who will train others in the Community Conversations methodology, in addition to practising it themselves. Community Conversations provide a platform for people to think through all the repercussions of a situation, and the way their individual values and behaviours, and those of their family and neighbors, affect people's lives. Community Conversations create a space for mutual learning and result in new perspectives. They help reshape relationships in line with transformed values. They are inclusive processes for enhancing the capacity of all. If successfully facilitated, Community Conversations result in a series of decisions and agreements on ways to move a community forward. The development of skilled facilitators is therefore critical to successful implementation. This is a comprehensive resource, written in a very accessible language. The methodology can be easily adapted and applied to a variety of contexts

Community capacity enhancement strategy note : the answer lies within

GUEYE, Moustapha
et al
2005

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Th is publication outlines the rationale and strategy behind the UNPD Community Capacity Enhancement (CCE) programme and provides a guide for its implementation. The programme is an integral part of UNDP's Leadership for Results programme and is based on a methodology known as Community Conversations. The CCE programme is aimed at dealing with the underlying causes of HIV/AIDS, be they power relations, gender issues, stigma or discrimination. Most community methodologies rightly focus on awareness-raising and discussion; CCE focuses heavily on interactive dialogue on the epidemic's deeper causes and, through a facilitated process, community decision-making and action. The note also contains implementation guidelines and describes key steps in facilitating Community Conversations

Educating children with disabilities in developing countries : the role of data sets

ROBSON, Colin
EVANS, Peter
2005

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This report contributes towards the availability of data for education reform of children with disabilities. The report focuses first on data sets which identify children with disabilities, and then highlights preschool and school data sets which better identify whether these children have access to education. The analysis also assesses the achievement of policy goals. This study would be useful to those who have an interest in the education of children with disabilities

Changing teaching practices : using curriculum differentiation to respond to students’ diversity

PERNER, Darlene
2005

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This guide was developed to facilitate and support inclusive education. It presents strategies and learning activities to facilitate curriculum differentiation, and offers suggestions, strategies, and learning activities to teachers to use in classrooms. This guide is useful to anyone interested in using curriculum differentiation to respond to students’ diversity

Inclusive education : an EFA strategy for all children

PETERS, Susan J
November 2004

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This paper studies inclusive education from within the context of the Education For All strategy. It examines experience of inclusive education and lessons learned from both northern and southern countries, and discusses economic issues (such as cost-effectiveness) and legal issues

Young children's participation : rhetoric or growing reality?

November 2004

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This special issue of Early Childhood Matters explores the topic of participation of young children. Some key articles present the analytical framework, exploring the relationship between child development and child participation. It is suggested that participation is not only a right but also an essential component of the development process, enabling children to learn to make informed decisions. Practical examples and field experiences from Mexico, Zimbabwe, The Netherlands, South Africa and Scotland are also included

Learning from difference : understanding community initiatives to improve access to education

EENET
August 2004

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This CD-ROM holds guidelines for an action research project carried out by teachers in Zambia and Tanzania and external facilitators. The guidelines are aimed at people who want to adapt the process for their own communities, and are supplemented with videoclips and links to further information and useful examples. The aim of the research was to encourage teachers to articulate their experience in inclusive education by developing written accounts that could be shared with other countries of the South. The accounts, guides and examples are useful training materials and serve as a stimulus for further reflection

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