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Disability, health and human development

MITRA, Sophie

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This open access book introduces the human development model to define disability and map its links with health and wellbeing, based on Sen’s capability approach. The author uses panel survey data with internationally comparable questions on disability for Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. It presents evidence on the prevalence of disability and its strong and consistent association with multidimensional poverty, mortality, economic insecurity and deprivations in education, morbidity and employment. It shows that disability needs to be considered from multiple angles including aging, gender, health and poverty. Ultimately, this study makes a call for inclusion and prevention interventions as solutions to the deprivations associated with impairments and health conditions.


Chapters include:

  • The Human Development Model of Disability, Health and Wellbeing
  • Measurement, Data and Country Context
  • Prevalence of Functional Difficulties
  • Functional Difficulties and Inequalities Through a Static Lens
  • Dynamics of Functional Difficulties and Wellbeing
  • Main Results and Implications


The social model of disability


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Using the social model of disability which promotes inclusion and positive action for disabled people, this report explores ways in which disabled people can overcome isolation from, and discrimination by, mainstream society. It discusses appropriate use of language when talking about disability issues, and gives recommendations on how the information needs of most disabled people can be met. This resource would be of interest to those working in the disability sector
Note: this publication is available on request in the following formats: braille, large print, audio, electronic format

Towards equality : creation of the disability movement in Central Asia

KATSUI, Hisayo

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This study looks at a political approach to civic activism in the field of disability, which is an approach that the two fields of development studies and disability studies have begun to focus on as a driving force for susatinable structural change.
The findings in the study are based on interviews conducted with Central Asian disabled people. Three main findings emerged: a vulnerability creation mechanism for disabled people, the heterogeneity of disabled people and the implications for equality

People with physical impairments and mental health support needs : a critical review of the literature


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This paper presents the findings of a review of the literature on the mental health support needs of people with physical impairments. It is divided into two main parts: a review of research literature concerned with psychology, psychiatry and rehabilitation services; and a review of what is known about the mental health support needs and experiences of people with physical impairments from a social model perspective

CBR : a strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities - joint position paper 2004

International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
et al

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In 1994 the ILO, WHO and UNESCO published the first version of this joint position paper. Since then progress has been made in several fields. Nevertheless many disabled people are still not reached or included in the fields of rehabilitation, employment or education - particularly disabled women, people with mental health problems or HIV/AIDS and poor disabled people.
This paper underlines that community-based rehabilitation is a strategy promoting multi-sectoral collaboration to reach different community groups. CBR has to be based on the principles of equal opportunities, participation and human rights.

Community based rehabilitation (CBR)


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This document contains personal reflections from the IDDC coordinator, Sue Stubbs on community-based rehabilitation. They are drawn from 10 years' experience working in the field of international disability and development

Strengthening disability and development work : discussion paper February 1999

MILES, Susie

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This discussion paper is part of an ongoing consultative process among BOND's Disability and Development Working Group (DDWG) members and between DDWG and the Department of International Development (DFID). The aim of the process is to influence development assistance policy makers, including DFID, to adopt an inclusive approach to development. It will be useful to government policy-makers, as well as people working in international development, donor agencies and advocates.
The paper includes topics like disability and poverty, rights of the disabled, inclusion, equal opportunities and development, information, capacity building and partnership. Part (c) focuses on gender and looks at it in terms of discrimination, abuse and exclusion. Women and children are shown to be the most vulnerable


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