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Community based rehabilitation for people with disabilities in low and middle income countries : a systematic review

IEMMI, Valentina
et al
September 2015

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This Campbell Collaboration systematic review assesses the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) for people with physical and mental disabilities in low- and middle-income countries, and/or their family, their carers, and their community. This review identified 15 studies that assessed the impact of community-based rehabilitation on the lives of people with disabilities and their carers in low- and middle-income countries. The studies included in the review used different types of community-based rehabilitation interventions and targeted different types of physical (stroke, arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and mental disabilities (schizophrenia, dementia, intellectual impairment). The authors conclude that the evidence on the effectiveness of CBR for people with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries suggests that CBR may be effective in improving the clinical outcomes and enhancing functioning and quality of life of the person with disabilities and his/her carer and recommend future studies will need to adopt better study designs, will need to focus on broader clients group, and to include economic evaluations

Campbell Systematic Reviews 2015:15

Impact evaluation : a guide for commissioners and managers

STERN, Elliot
May 2015

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A guide on the processes involved in implementing and designing instruments to measure the impact evaluation of development projects for commissioners and managers. This guide takes a multifaceted approach, considers the perspective of all possible stakeholders, and highlights best practice

Impact of community-based rehabilitation on persons with different disabilities

DEEPAK, Sunil
et al
2013

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“There are some barriers that persons with different kinds of impairments commonly face, and there are also some impairment-specific barriers. Disaggregated data are needed to assess the impact of different CBR activities on different groups of persons with disabilities. This article assesses the impact of CBR on key variables linked to the five domains of the CBR Matrix, on 4 groups of persons with disabilities - visual, hearing and speech, physical and intellectual disabilities. A questionnaire survey was carried out involving 2,332 persons with disabilities, in a random stratified sample of villages covered by a CBR programme, in 9 sub-districts of Karnataka state (India) and in a control area”

 

Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, Vol. 24, No. 4

Evaluation of CABDICO disability programme, Cambodia

THOMAS, Maya
EANG, Bun Yeang
October 2012

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Capacity Building of People with Disability in the Community Organisation (CABDICO) is a local NGO in Cambodia, working in 3 provinces, Seam Reap, Banteay Mean Chey and Kep, and led a project “Reintegration and Capacity Building of People with Disability in the Community. The overall goal of this project was to improve the capacity and the inclusion of persons with disabilities (including landmine and UXO victims, women with disability, children with disability), their family members and other vulnerable groups (e.g. poor widow as head of household) to enjoy the quality of life and social development actions with barrier-free and basic human rights respects. This evaluation report addresses the following five fundamental evaluation criteria of the CABDICO project over the past three years: quality and relevance of design, effectiveness, and efficiency of implementation, impact and potential for sustainability

Measuring outcomes for people with disability

NATIONAL DISABILITY SERVICES (NDS)
October 2012

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“This paper aims to investigate how disability service providers can best measure outcomes for the people with disability they assist. It is intended to help identify options for developing current practice and determine NDS members’ need for tools, resources and other forms of support. The paper’s evidentiary base is partly informed by a NDS member survey conducted in April 2012 and the findings from this will be used to inform NDS’s future work in this area. Services are strongly encouraged to develop the capacity to track outcomes for people they support. Demonstrating positive outcomes will be a key attribute for organisations operating under a National Disability Insurance Scheme”

Impact of CBR : impact of community-based rehabilitation programme in Karnataka India

BIGGERI, Mario
et al
2012

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"The main goal of the research was to understand and measure the overall role and impact of CBR in improving the quality of life of persons with different types of impairments, as well as different demographic, social and economic backgrounds. We therefore investigated the effectiveness of CBR programmes in improving the control that persons with disabilities have over their daily lives, their participation in different aspects of community life (i.e. combating stigma and prejudice) and their access to various services over the five domains of the CBR matrix (health, education, livelihood, social and empowerment)"

Impact assessment of a vocational training programme for persons with disabilities in Bangladesh

NURI, Reshma Parvin
et al
2012

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“The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a vocational training programme in enabling 261 persons with disabilities to find employment in Bangladesh. A qualitative method, which employed interviews and focus group discussions, assessed the effect of the training programme on key individual, societal and physical factors set out by the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (2001)”

 

Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development, Vol 23, No 3

Access to drinking water for people with disabilities in the town of Tenkodogo (Burkina Faso)

DIMBARRE KPEHOUNTON, Cathy
SERGE, Dao Moussa
2011

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“Since 2001, local NGO Dakupa,with the support of WaterAid, began to implement a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) project in several urban municipalities in the Central East region of Burkina Faso. In line with the principles of equity and inclusion, the objective of this project was to improve access to WASH services for people with disabilities (PWD) through the construction of accessible water points and latrines. To date, about ten wheelchair accessible standpipes have been constructed in places such as the town of Tenkodogo, the subject of this study”

Case study 11

Evaluating the impact of rehabilitation in the lives of people with disabilities and their families in low and middle income countries : a review of tools

LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDECINE (LSHTM)
CHRISTOFFEL BLINDEMISSION (CBM)
August 2010

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“As there are many tools available for evaluating impact in the international literature, CBM commissioned this review in order to obtain clear guidance on how research can be carried across their programmes in order to generate high quality and reliable evidence on the impact of their programmes in the lives of people with disabilities and their families”

Disability inclusive flood action plan and WASH in a Bangladeshi community

BARI , Nazmul
GOPAL SAHA, Broja
January 2010

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“From October 2009 to July 2010, the Centre for Disability in Development (CDD), working in partnership with local non-government organisation (NGO) Gana Unnayan Kendra(GUK) and with the support of CBM Australia, implemented a pilot project titled Disability inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction Project (DiDRR). The DiDRR project broadly addressed inclusive disaster preparedness with a sub-component on improved water and sanitation access for PWD. This case study focuses on the project actions and resulting changes regarding disability inclusive water and sanitation before and during floods, and how it benefited not only PWD but also the wider community”

Case study 10

Quantitative and qualitative methods in impact evaluation and measuring results

GARBARINO, Sabine
HOLLAND, Jeremy
March 2009

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“This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on ‘more and better’ impact evaluations by highlighting experience on combining qualitative and quantitative methods for impact evaluation to ensure that we measure the different impact of donor interventions on different groups of people and measure the different dimensions of poverty, particularly those that are not readily quantified but which poor people themselves identity as important, such as dignity, respect, security and power. A third framing question was added during the discussions with UK Department for International Development staff on the use of the research process itself as a way of increasing accountability and empowerment of the poor”

Issues Paper

Mental health and development sustaining impact : annual impact report 2009

RAJA, Shoba
DOUGHERTY, Charlotte
2009

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Basicneeds is an organization which aims to reach people with mental illness and epilepsy, to improve their health, financial well-being, and social acceptance. BasicNeeds provides treatment, training and promoted capacity building. This annual report presents BasicNeeds actions in 2009, highlighting their experiences in India, Sri Lanka, Lao PDR, Ghana, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, and Nepal

The impact of HIV/AIDS on older people in Cambodia

JOHN, Kylie
SAINSBURY, Candice
2009

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This report presents the findings of a study in 15 rural villages to obtain information on the roles of older people in HIV/AIDS affected households and to identify potential interventions to meet their financial, psychosocial and other support needs. Research methods included case studies, in-depth interviews and focus groups with older carers of children in Cambodia to understand their problems and to explore their support needs. The findings demonstrated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to significant changes in the responsibilities and needs of older people and that older people in HIV/AIDS affected households are vulnerable to extreme poverty, and at times, destitution. The report concludes with recommendations for possible local response interventions to address the needs of older people impacted by HIV/AIDS

Impact assessment : drivers, dilemmas, and deliberations

CHAPMAN, Jennifer
MANCINI, Antonella
April 2008

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This paper investigates key debates and issues around impact assessment and performance measurement for UK development NGOs. Initially, it was created to stimulate internal debate at Sightsavers, however, it has been adopted for use by the NGO sector at large. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in organisational management and development

Making a difference : M&E of policy research

HOVLAND, Ingie
July 2007

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"This paper aims to advance understanding on how to monitor and evaluate policy research, i.e. research that is undertaken in order to inform and influence public policy. Policy is defined very broadly to encompass both policy decisions and processes, including implementation..."

Cluster munitions in Kosovo : analysis of use contamination and casualities

MOYES, Richard
February 2007

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This report consists of a detailed assessment of the use of cluster munitions in Kosovo. More specifically, it draws on data sets to examine the claims and counterclaims of humanitarian organisations and of user governments. It concludes with an analysis of how key governments responded to lessons learned from cluster munition use and there impact in Kosovo

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