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Guidance for United States Government in-country staff and implementing partners for a preventive care package for adults - #1

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (PEPFAR)
April 2006

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This report suggests that focus-countries under PEPFAR's Emergency Plan should adopt a standard "preventative care package" as part of their palliative care programmes. It acknowledges that components of the care package are likely to vary within regions and even within countries. The report provides the scientific basis for the interventions that could be included in a preventive care package. Although most of the interventions included are pertinent to both adults and children, HIV-infected/exposed children require additional consideration and a separate document focusing on a preventive care package for such children has been developed

HIV/AIDS and water, sanitation and hygiene

February 2006

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This paper explores the linkages between HIV/AIDS and water, sanitation and hygiene from different perspectives. It discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS on water and sanitation organisations and service provision, and the lessons learned in preventing and mitigating the effects of HIV/AIDS both outside and inside the water and sanitation sector. Finally it proposes what the water and sanitation sector can do about the problem of HIV/AIDS at different levels

Footsteps issues 18-65


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Includes issues 18 - 65 of Footsteps, a newsletter with a Christian emphasis that is aimed at all health and development workers. It aims to share practical ideas and enthusiasm on all aspects of development that impact at community level, including health, sustainable agriculture, agro-forestry, literacy, the environment, and project management. Provides book reviews and resource guides

Screened toilet, bathing and menstruation units for the earthquake response in NWFP, Pakistan

NAWAZ, Jamila
et al

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This paper describes an initiative that put screened toilets, bathing and menstruation units into emergency camps in rural mountain areas in northern Pakistan, following an earthquake in October 2005. Design drawings are provided, and recommendations for improvements are given, based upon the feedback from users of the facilities. This information would be useful for people interested in hygiene units

Case study on addressing sanitation needs of disabled people in Nepal

January 2006

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This is an evaluation report of a pilot project in rural Nepal that developed, tested and ensured accessible latrines to disabled people. The report details and describes individualised adapatations for household latrines. It would be useful to people interested in accessible latrines for disabled people.
The project was implemented by WaterAid Nepal's partner NEWAH

Encouraging good hygiene and sanitation : a PILLARS guide

CARTER, Isabel

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This guide is an accessible tool for small group discussion. It aims at helping communities improve their lifestyle through better hygine and sanitation practices. Prevention of diseases is more effective if people can make their own informed decisions regarding sanitation, hygiene and water supplies. The guide adopts a Christian perspective and in the last section of the book the topics of hygiene, water and sanitation are linked to the Bible's teachings on holiness, baptism and purity

Child survival in sub-Saharan Africa : taking stock


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This paper presents the findings and recommendations of research, funded by USAID, to understand better the growing gap between Africa and the rest of the world in achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals that relate to child health. It aims to provide an analysis of child health trends in order to identify how USAID could improve its contribution to improving child health in Africa

Hygiene promotion in Burkina Faso and Zimbabwe : new approaches to behaviour change

August 2004

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After years of debate, most people working in water and sanitation now agree that hygiene promotion is vitally important. But even now, many programmes either ignore it or do it badly. This field note describes two African hygiene promotion programmes that have successfully used new approaches: Saniya in burkina Faso and ZimAHEAD in Zimbabwe. Both programmes concentrated on understanding how people actually hehave and hence hot to change that behaviour. Both programmes demonstrated ideas that can be applied at a larger scale. Changin human hygiene behaviour is a long process that is difficult to measure and both of these programmes still have obstacles to overcome. However, this work indicates that systematic and carefully managed hygiene promotion programmes can achieve improvement in hygiene behaviour and hence reduction in diarrhoeal diseases

The child health MDG : what water, sanitation and hygiene can do


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This briefing note presents information about water, sanitation and hygiene relating to child health - the fourth millennium development goal. Key information is presented with supporting facts, case examples and photos. This resource is useful for people interested in child health and water, sanitation and hygiene

Humanitarian charter and minimum standards of disaster response|The Sphere handbook


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This handbook is the result of an international initiative aiming at improving humanitarian and emergency assistance. The handbook describes the core principles and minimal standards of humanitarian action. This edition includes vulnerable groups such as women, children, elderly people and disabled people. The handbook is a practical tool that can be used to define overarching project goals and to monitor the success of the assistance that is provided

HIV/AIDS and water supply, sanitation and hygiene

VAN WIJK, Christine
December 2003

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This article presents the importance of accessible water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for people who are living with HIV and AIDS. The benefits of ensuring better WASH supplies and facilities are highlighted, and low-cost recommendations are provided. This factsheet would be useful for policy makers, programme planners and managers, donors and field workers interested in WASH issues for people living with HIV and AIDS in developing countries

Water supply and sanitation access and use by physically disabled people : literature review

JONES, Hazel
September 2002

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This review, of published and unpublished literature from all over the world, was undertaken in order to gain an overview of available information. The majority of disabled people in low-income countries face barriers to accessing and using water and sanitation facilities. CBR projects, policy makers and governments need to address these findings

Healthy villages : a guide for communities and community health workers

et al

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[Publisher's description]: This guide is intended to provide community leaders with information to assist them in implementing and sustaining a health villages project. It covers topics such as water and sanitation drainage, waste management, housing quality, domestic and community hygiene, and provision of health services, providing extensive source materials for adaptation to local needs and conditions.

Action monitoring for effectiveness : improving water, hygiene and environmental sanitation programmes. Part II : fact sheets

SHORDT, Kathleen

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The action monitoring for effectiveness (aMe) approach focuses on application of monitoring theories and practical methods to improve programmes and projects in the short-term in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector. This is the second volume of two, and contains 32 fact sheets. Each fact sheet provides practical examples of indicators, methods and tools for monitoring a specific topic. Topics range from the concrete to the range from concrete issues more abstract issues such as community participation, management and distribution of benefits. They include: the community and its institutions, NGO and programme management, training, gender and finance, establishment of water services, operation and maintenance for water facilities, latrines and use of facilities and hygiene behaviour

Childrearing in Hubai Village, China

December 1999

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This paper summarises the findings of research carried out by staff of the China National Institute for Educational Research, which runs the Foundation-supported Hebei preschool education project. The research looked into the childrearing practices of a small village in the province of Hebei in northern China. The project will use the research findings to tailor its future work to local conditions

Towards better programming : a manual on hygiene promotion


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This manual is part of UNICEF's guidelines series on water, the environment and sanitation. The manual is based on the experiences of the UNICEF supported Saniya project; a public health communication project in a West African town. The manual presents methodologies to assist development workers in the promotion of behavioural change for safer hygiene practices and to help make hygiene promotion programmes more effective. It is a tool that will contribute towards a reduction in diarrhoeal diseases. The manual desribes a methodology for bottom up programming for hygiene promotion; first finding out what people know about hygiene through formative research in people's knowledge and practices and then combining this state-of-the art expert knowledge and appropriate communication strategies to develop effective and sustainable programming models



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