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Prevalence of HIV infection among people with disabilities : a population-based observational study in Yaounde, Cameroon (HandiVIH)

DE BEAUDROP, Pierre
et al
January 2017

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In the HandiVIH study, an estimation and a comparison of HIV prevalence and associated risk factors between people with and without disabilities. In this cross-sectional, population-based, observational study, two-phase random sampling was used to recruit adults with disabilities and a control group matched for age, sex, and residential location from households of the general population. The Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability was used to identify people with disabilities. An HIV test was administrated and a life-course history interview carried out with participants. The primary outcome was the prevalence of HIV among participants with and without disabilities. The study took place in Yaoundé, Cameroon, between Oct 2, 2014, and Nov 30, 2015. 

The Lancet HIV · January 2017 

DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30209-0

Chap. 2: Intervention Cost-Effectiveness: Overview of Main Messages

DT, Jamison
JG, Breman
AR, Measham
et al
September 2016

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"Although efficient spending on health has always been a desirable goal, it is particularly critical in the face of recent threats, such as HIV/AIDS and drug-resistant bacteria, as well as the problems presented by increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), that threaten to roll back the significant health gains achieved in the past two decades. This book is an opportunity to assess anew the costs associated with and the health gains attainable from specific interventions and thereby better inform the allocation of new health funding." 

Access to HIV and AIDS care: persons with disabilities still left behind

MAC-SEING, Muriel
October 2015

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This article presents disability-inclusive good practices, policy and program related opportunities. It highlights a series of facts and figures related to people with disabilities and HIV infection and the interaction between HIV and disability.  The article goes on to outline Handicap International’s proposal to “remove HIV-related barriers for persons with disabilities” in a two-track approach that includes decision makers, service providers, and service users. Finally, the article shares discussions of successful inclusive practices involving HIV and persons with disabilities in various communities around the world and the key challenges and opportunities to include disability into HIV and AIDS

Predictors of voluntary HIV counselling and testing services utilization among people with disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ADEREMI, Toyin Janet
et al
June 2014

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“The study investigated HIV testing prevalence and factors associated with the utilization of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) services among individuals with disabilities in Addis Ababa. The analysis was based on a survey of 209 men and 203 women with disabilities, aged 15–49, who had ever heard about HIV and AIDS in four sub-cities in Addis Ababa. HIV testing prevalence was 53.2%, with no significant difference between males and females. Comprehensive HIV knowledge, living with spouse, and religious affiliations positively predicted utilization of VCT services among participants. Living with both parents and having physical or mental/intellectual disabilities were negative predictors of VCT services utilization. More research on the predictors of utilization of VCT services by gender and urban/rural divides are needed among people with disabilities”

AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol 26, Issue 10

Situation analysis of programs to meet the HIV prevention, care, and treatment needs of persons with disabilities in Ghana, Uganda, and Zambia

TUN, Waimar
et al
December 2013

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With growing recognition that persons with sensory (blindness and deafness), physical, and intellectual disabilities are at risk for HIV, it is crucial to understand the HIV programming needs of persons with disabilities and challenges to accessing HIV-related services. The HIVCore project, funded by the U. S. Agency for International Development, conducted a situation analysis in Ghana, Uganda, and Zambia with persons with disabilities and service providers to describe existing HIV services for persons with disabilities, identify factors affecting access to and use of HIV services, and identify opportunities and gaps for addressing HIV service needs of persons with disabilities. By identifying the needs and challenges in HIV programming for persons with disabilities and by identifying existing programs, the findings from this assessment can be used to guide the implementation of disability-inclusive programming.

Differences in HIV knowledge and sexual practices of learners with intellectual disabilities and non-disabled learners in Nigeria

ADEEMI, Toyin
PILLAY, Basil
ESTERRHUIZEN, Tonya
February 2013

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"This study sought to compare the HIV knowledge and sexual practices of learners with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities and non-disabled learners (NDL) in Nigeria. Findings could help in the development of HIV interventions that are accessible to Nigerian learners with intellectual impairments"
Journal of the International AIDS Society, Vol 16

'The forgotten' HIV and disability in Tanzania

TANZANIA COMMISSION FOR AIDS (TACAIDS)
2009

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This is the report of a study into HIV and disability in Tanzania. it assesses the impact of HIV and AIDS on people with disabilities; evaluates disabled people's access to information, testing and services; and makes recommendations for overcoming barriers and obstacles to improve access to HIV services. Qualitative and quantitative information was collected from people with disabilities, disabled people's organisations and HIV organisations in four districts close to Dar es Salaam. This report would be particularly relevant to those with an interest in HIV and disability in Tanzania

Improving the education response to HIV and AIDS : Lessons of partner efforts in coordination, harmonisation, alignment, information sharing and monitoring in Jamaica, Kenya, Thailand and Zambia

VISSER-VALFREY, Muriel
March 2008

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This report presents the overall findings from case study exercises carried out in Jamaica, Kenya, Thailand and Zambia to examine the quality, effectiveness and coordination of the education sector's response to the HIV epidemic. The report also makes recommendations for improving coordination across agencies in support of country-level and global actions. The case studies were carried out by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Education

Positive prevention : HIV prevention with people living with HIV. A guide for NGOs and service providers

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
September 2007

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This guide is intended as a resource to help nongovernmental organisation (NGO) staff and HIV service providers working across the spectrum of HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services to take steps towards integrating HIV prevention for, by and with people living with HIV. It is hoped it will also be of use both to individual people living with HIV and to their partners. The guide does not intend to discuss or review all HIV prevention strategies. Rather, it is a starting point from which to consider different strategies to assist NGO staff and HIV service provider organisations to support HIV positive people to live well with HIV and have safer sexual relationships within a full and healthy life. This guide focuses largely on the sexual transmission of HIV

Mainstreaming blindness issues into HIV & AIDS training programs : organisational guide

AFRICAN UNION OF THE BLIND (AFUB)
2007

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This comprehensive resource provides a set of criteria for mainstreaming the training of blind and visually impaired people on HIV & AIDS education. It is based on the meetings and workshops conducted at the Institutional Development Program (IDP) 4th Africa forum, with the aim of ensuring the inclusion and participation of blind and visually impaired individuals in HIV & AIDS education programmes. This ends with a set of tips for facilitators working in disabled peoples organisations and HIV & AIDS services and organisations

Let's talk about HIV counselling and testing : facilitators' guide

International HIV/AIDS Alliance
December 2006

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This is a toolkit to help NGOs and community-based organisations working to mobilise communities to improve their awareness of HIV counselling and testing and to improve the up-take of HIV counselling and testing; advocating for increased access to quality HIV counselling, testing, care, treatment and prevention; or interested in providing HIV counselling and testing services. It is divided into eight sections: What is HIV and what is AIDS?; what is involved in HIV counselling and testing; who is providing these services in the community and who they are for; the advantages and barriers of counselling and testing; stigma, discrimination and confidentiality; the needs of people after being tested and ideas for community activities. Each section has an accompanying information sheet

Reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV and AIDS : training for health care workers. Trainer's manual

ENGENDERHEALTH
Ed
2004

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This manual is aimed at reducing stigma and discrimination in health care settings. Health workers' fears are based on real risks of medical transmission, due to lack of information and training and poor precaution practices. This manual uses participatory training methodologies to change health care workers' attitudes and provide practical information around patient rights and safe work environment. It covers a broad range of topics, including: stigma and discrimination, right to privacy and confidentiality, HIV transmission, standard precaution practices, post-exposure prophylaxis, and HIV testing

Working positively : a guide for NGOs managing HIV/AIDS in the workplace

UK CONSORTIUM ON AIDS AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
December 2003

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With HIV prevalence rates of over 20% in many sub-Saharan African countries, and with infection rates rising rapidly in other parts of the world, NGOs are funding that HIV/AIDS is affecting not only programme work but also staff. If NGOs are to be credible in these communities, they need to be seen to be addressing HIV/AIDS internally in a way that is consistent with their external messages. However, developing a workable comprehensive solution that covers policy, education and prevention, and treatment and care is not easy. This guide looks at the key issues involved in developing a workplace strategy and how different NGOs and commercial organisations are approaching these issues through a series of case studies. It also provides a guide to the key components of a successful strategy and a list of useful reference documents

Working positively : a guide for NGOs managing HIV/AIDS in the workplace

UK CONSORTIUM ON AIDS AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
December 2003

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With HIV prevalence rates of over 20% in many sub-Saharan African countries, and with infection rates rising rapidly in other parts of the world, NGOs are funding that HIV/AIDS is affecting not only programme work but also staff. If NGOs are to be credible in these communities, they need to be seen to be addressing HIV/AIDS internally in a way that is consistent with their external messages. However, developing a workable comprehensive solution that covers policy, education and prevention, and treatment and care is not easy. In a series of documents in both PDF and MSWord formats, this guide looks at the key issues involved in developing a workplace strategy and how different NGOs and commercial organisations are approaching these issues through a series of case studies. It also provides a guide to the key components of a successful strategy

AIDS action

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2003

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Aimed at health workers, educators and community workers, these resources provide practical information on a wide range of care, support and prevention issues concerning HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a fully searchable format. The resources include training manuals, briefing papers and discussion guides (eg Men's sexual health matters, Steps to making sex safer, HIV and safe motherhood). Also included are the international editions of AIDS Action, a newsletter that was produced by Healthlink Worldwide between 1987 and 2001, and Dialogue on Diarrhoea, 1980-1995

Quality assurance resource pack for voluntary counselling and testing service providers

LIVERPOOL VCT (LVCT)
CARE KENYA
2003

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This resource pack is a helpful tool aimed at services, organisations and health professionals involved in the voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) centres in Kenya. VCT services offer HIV testing to asymptomatic individuals, and pre- and post-testing counselling. Compliance with quality requirements in the provision of the service is crucial to the achievement of the objectives. The National Guidelines for VCT set minimum standards for the registration and accreditation of sites and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has devised a comprehensive quality assurance system to accompany the upscaling of the VCT programme, with an emphasis on individual and community involvement. This resource outlines the lessons learned in the implementation of quality assurance in VCT, and includes useful training materials and tools such as self-assessment and service supervision survey forms for the monitoring and evaluation of service delivery quality

AIDS action : Asia-Pacific edition

HEALTH ACTION INFORMATION NETWORK (HAIN)
2002

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This CD-ROM contains issues 24-53 of AIDS Action Asia Pacific (AA-AP). AA-AP was a quarterly newsletter on HIV prevention and care, aimed at health workers, educators and community workers. Each issue of the newsletter has a thematic focus (eg, HIV drugs and diet, Traditional and alternative medicine, HIV and its impact on health workers). The newsletter was produced by Health Action Information Network (HAIN) in the Philippines between 1994 and 2001. It had a print run of 29,000 copies and reached 66 countries in south and south-east Asia and the Pacific region.

Establishing and sustaining HIV post-test clubs (PTCs) : lessons learnt from Kenya

WILDEMAN, Renske
TAEGTMEYER, Miriam
DOYLE, Vicki
October 2001

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This briefing outlines the objectives and activities of HIV Post-Test Clubs (PTCs), and, using a case-study from Kenya, looks at the lessons learned and at the challenges ahead. Post-Test Clubs are designed to raise community awareness about HIV/AIDS, and to advocate for community-based counselling and testing centres. The document calls for more openness about HIV status between members, a greater emphasis in HIV/AIDS self awareness, training for PTC members and regular monitoring and evaluation of club activities

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