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HIV and AIDS treatment and care policy

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2004

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This UK government policy was launched in 2004. It outlines UK support for efforts to provide increased access to treatment and care for people living with HIV, including those who are most vulnerable and marginalised. As well as looking at strategies to increase supply and funding of drugs, the policy outlines the need to strengthen health services, link prevention and care, and increase donor coordination

Mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS work

SOUTHERN AFRICAN AIDS TRAINING PROGRAMME (SAT)
2004

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This manual aims to build knowledge and practical skills among facilitators who train representatives of southern African AIDS Service Organisations, NGOs and CBOs that want to mainstream gender in their HIV and AIDS organisations, policies and programmes. It is divided into five parts: key gender concepts; introduction to gender mainstreaming and gender analysis; mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS organisations; mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS programmes; and mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS policies. Each part contains training activities together with notes for facilitators, handouts and helpful information on conducting the training. The five parts can be used flexibly, either all together in sequence, or seperately, to fit different training needs

Safe love, safe life : youth-for-youth HIV/AIDS prevention in the Balkans

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION (IPPF)
2004

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This document outlines aims and progress of an IPPF project, 'Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health Services and Human Rights for Youth and Adolescents in the Balkans'. The project took a holistic approach to prevention, accommodating for and responding to a plurality of youth needs, addressing issues such as discrimination, prejudice, rights and gender and integrating HIV and AIDS into the discussion of overall sexual health. Lessons learnt include the need to create a network among NGOs; to reach socially excluded young people; to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS as everyone's problem; to make a greater use of the media and to be prepared to work with other NGOs. This report will be useful reading for anyone working in HIV prevention projects, especially for NGOs operating in the Balkans

Jordan's MDG in brief

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
2004

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This is a brief assessment of Jordan's progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. For each goal, key indicators are identified and measured, comparing data collected in 1990 and 2002. Includes projections for 2015

Upscaling Community Conversations in Ethiopia 2004 : unleashing capacities of communities for the HIV/AIDS response

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
2004

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This document focuses on the Community Conversations (CC) process - a component of UNDP's Leadership for Results Programme - in Ethiopia, and outlines both key aspects of the methodology and key results from its implementation in Alaba, SNNPR and Yabelo, Oromiya. The approach, using the expertise of skilled facilitators, aims to encourage people to talk openly to each other about the implications of HIV and AIDS in their communities, and to rethink cultural norms, community values and health behaviours in their relations to the disease. Some early results from Community Conversations include: communities taking responsibility for their own prevention; communities discontinuing traditional practices found to be harmful in the context of HIV and AIDS; communities able to influence local governments; communities using their own social resources to support children affected by AIDS, and orphans in particular; communities sharing their learning with other communities. The document outlines a strategy for upscaling community conversations, and looks in particular at issues around implementation and coordination, funding and mechanisms to address needs that may be identified during the CC process

HIV/AIDS care and treatment : a clinical course for people caring for people living with HIV/AIDS [participant manual]

IMPLEMENTING AIDS PREVENTION AND CARE PROJECT (IMPACT)
2004

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The "HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment Participant Guide" presents new knowledge and skills for delivering and organising clinical care and treatment services for people living with HIV/AIDS. The course is divided into 7 modules covering HIV prevention and care issues; managing patients with HIV related diseases; managing women and children with HIV; antiretroviral therapy; supporting people with HIV/AIDS; managing patients on antiretroviral treatment; and TB, women, children and post-exposure prophylaxis. A facilitator's guide accompanies this manual

HIV/AIDS care and treatment : a clinical course for people caring for people living with HIV/AIDS [facilitator's guide]

IMPLEMENTING AIDS PREVENTION AND CARE PROJECT (IMPACT)
2004

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The "HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment Participant Guide" presents new knowledge and skills for delivering and organising clinical care and treatment services for people living with HIV/AIDS. The course is divided into 7 modules covering HIV prevention and care issues; managing poatients with HIV related diseases; managing women and children with HIV; antiretroviral therapy; supporting people with HIV/AIDS; managing patients on antiretroviral treatment; and TB, women, children and post-exposure prophylaxis. A participant manual accompanies this manual

VCT toolkit : HIV voluntary counselling and testing. A reference guide for counsellors and trainers

SANGIWA, Gloria
et al
January 2004

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This reference guide was developed for trainers, counselors in training, and working counselors, to highlight the links between VCT and HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and support. It provides teaching methodologies, including demonstrations, role-playing, supervised practice, desensitization, and negotiating skills. It also contains worksheets and checklists for practical sessions, and texts for demonstrations and exercises to be conducted during the training courses. Chapters focus on counselling strategies, physical and psychological care, counselling for specific groups, grief and bereavement, counsellor stress and burnout, monitoring and quality assurance, and ethics. The guide outlines key activities related to training in (and provision of) VCT services

Involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS in treatment preparedness in Thailand : case study

KUMPHITAK, Aree
KASI-SEDAPAN, Siriras
WILSON, David
et al
2004

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People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in Thailand are increasingly encouraged to work in partnership with NGOs to improve access to disease prevention and treatment provision. This case study outlines the impact of this collaboration over a period of four years. PLHA have been directly involved in lobbying and advocacy, helping make ART more widely available, but also promoting prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections, focusing on the use of co-trimoxazole. Their involvement as co-providers in care has positively changed the attitude of health care staff towards HIV/AIDS patients. The study concludes that a coordinated collaboration between the public health system, NGOs and PLHA would have important spin-offs for both health care providers and PLHA themselves

2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic

WOODS, Sandra
Ed
2004

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This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. It considers the impact of HIV and AIDS on people and societies and includes a particular focus on the orphans and vulnerable children. It takes a further look at scaling up HIV prevention initiatives, with considerations about the threat of HIV to young people. There is a look at treatment, care and support for people living with HIV. It also takes into account the notion of human rights and protection. There are finally some considerations of the financing of responses to the crisis, and the need to coordinate national responses to HIV and AIDS. There is a table fo useful information on country specific estimates and data relating to HIV and AIDS

2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic

WOODS, Sandra
Ed
2004

Expand view

This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. It considers the impact of HIV and AIDS on people and societies and includes a particular focus on the orphans and vulnerable children. It takes a further look at scaling up HIV prevention initiatives, with considerations about the threat of HIV to young people. There is a look at treatment, care and support for people living with HIV. It also takes into account the notion of human rights and protection. There are finally some considerations of the financing of responses to the crisis, and the need to coordinate national responses to HIV and AIDS. There is a table fo useful information on country specific estimates and data relating to HIV and AIDS

Participation in sexual and reproductive well-being and rights

GORDON, Gill
CORNWALL, Andrea
2004

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This article looks at lessons learned and current practices around participatory work in the context of reproductive and sexual rights. It focuses, in particular, on participatory HIV prevention and care in a time of crisis; sexuality, poverty and development; participation, sexuality and gender; and on participatory planning agenda. The article warns about the risk of using participatory strategies to reinforce power structures and the status quo, but also highlights the benefits and the difference these approaches can make when used sensitively

Evaluation of UNDP's Community Capacity Enhancement Intervention

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
2004

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This is a brief summary of the findings of an evaluation exercise of the UNDP's Community Capacity Enhancement Intervention in Ethiopia. It gives a clear indication that the Community Conversations methodology has been instrumental in bringing into existence HIV/AIDS-related behavioral change processes and outcomes that had not existed in the target communities prior to its introduction

Programme experiences : youth AIDS network - Latin America and the Caribbean

COMMUNICATION INITIATIVE
2004

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In an effort to build networks for youth HIV/AIDS prevention, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has collaborated with international organisations and YouthNet to create an email network of adolescent health specialists. PAHO's Child and Adolescent Health and HIV/AIDS/Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) units are leading the effort, which focuses on youth AIDS prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean. This article examines the experiences of organisers of the programme, in which members receive the Youth HIV Action newsletter and Breaking the Silence advocacy sheet, among other publications

National monitoring and evaluation framework for the multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL OFFICE (HAPCO)
December 2003

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In 1998 the Ethiopian government scaled up the response to HIV/AIDS by forging a multi-sectoral and multi-level partnership with various stakeholders. A national policy on HIV/AIDS was enacted in August 1998. This resulted in a Strategic Framework for the National Response to HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia for 2001-2005. This monitoring and evaluation framework was developed to strengthen the multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS, to systematically track progress and evaluate the effects of the national response, and to meet the international reporting requirements for funds secured to fight HIV/AIDS in the country. It covers basic monitoring and evaluation concepts, an implementation strategy, national level indicators and resource requirements

Working positively : a guide for NGOs managing HIV/AIDS in the workplace

UK CONSORTIUM ON AIDS AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
December 2003

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With HIV prevalence rates of over 20% in many sub-Saharan African countries, and with infection rates rising rapidly in other parts of the world, NGOs are funding that HIV/AIDS is affecting not only programme work but also staff. If NGOs are to be credible in these communities, they need to be seen to be addressing HIV/AIDS internally in a way that is consistent with their external messages. However, developing a workable comprehensive solution that covers policy, education and prevention, and treatment and care is not easy. This guide looks at the key issues involved in developing a workplace strategy and how different NGOs and commercial organisations are approaching these issues through a series of case studies. It also provides a guide to the key components of a successful strategy and a list of useful reference documents

Working positively : a guide for NGOs managing HIV/AIDS in the workplace

UK CONSORTIUM ON AIDS AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
December 2003

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With HIV prevalence rates of over 20% in many sub-Saharan African countries, and with infection rates rising rapidly in other parts of the world, NGOs are funding that HIV/AIDS is affecting not only programme work but also staff. If NGOs are to be credible in these communities, they need to be seen to be addressing HIV/AIDS internally in a way that is consistent with their external messages. However, developing a workable comprehensive solution that covers policy, education and prevention, and treatment and care is not easy. In a series of documents in both PDF and MSWord formats, this guide looks at the key issues involved in developing a workplace strategy and how different NGOs and commercial organisations are approaching these issues through a series of case studies. It also provides a guide to the key components of a successful strategy

Working with men, reponding to AIDS : gender sexuality and HIV. A case study collection

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
November 2003

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This case study collection aims to help projects working with men in order to have an impact on the HIV epidemic. It presents experiences and lessons from a range of different projects that involve men, gender identity, sexuality or related issues, offering inspiration, ideas and models for working with different kinds of men in a deliberately broad range of contexts

Girls' education in Kenya

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
October 2003

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In January 2003 the Government of Kenya announced the introduction of free primary education. There are still wide gender disparities in some regions but overall children aged 5-8 now have greater access to primary education with girls enrolment at 69% and boys at 68%. Pre-school education age 3-5 years is also occurring within Kenya and pre-school enrolment rate is at 40%. UNICEF is working, among other things, to strengthen education on HIV/AIDS prevention and the care of orphans, and to promote an integrated approach to the implementation of ECD, HIV/AIDS and formal primary and non-formal education sub-projects

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