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Effective prevention strategies in low HIV prevalence settings

et al

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Countries with low HIV prevalence share a set of concerns and challenges regarding their responses to a potential HIV epidemic. This publication identifies those challenges and proposes a prevention strategy that can maintain low HIV prevalence in the general population, while reducing existing or preventing potential HIV sub-epidemics in population subgroups with high levels of risk behaviour

HIV/AIDS counselling for children

September 2000

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This is one of the good practice series produced by the Uganda Network of AIDS Service Organisations (UNASO), and provides a useful summary of the issues around counselling children affected by HIV/AIDS, such as the need to develop a rapport with children, issues around disclosure of HIV status to children and indicators that children may be suffering distress or are in difficult circumstances. The content draws on the practical experience of a number of organisations in Uganda which are working in this area. The issue also provides practical suggestions for working with children, such as the use of drawing, play and drama, as well as a summary of the Memory Book Project, pioneered by National Community of Women living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (NACWOLA)

Access to treatment [whole issue]

June 2000

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This edition looks at access to treatment, considering the practical and attitudinal barriers to treatment that exist for people living with HIV. As part of a process to develop a toolkit to help NGOs and others understand and find ways to overcome these obstacles, the Alliance has carried out assessments of the issues around access to treatment in Ivory Coast, India and Zambia. There is also an article about a home care project in Cambodia which looks at the ways in which home care can significantly contribute to improving access to treatment. There are also findings from the access to treatment needs assessments in the different countries

Sexual and reproductive health briefing cards


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A series of briefing cards on sexual and reproductive health issues, covering the topics: rights-based approach; life cycle approach; violence against women; safe motherhood; unwanted pregnancy; unsafe abortion; adolescent sexual and reproductive health; STDs/HIV/AIDS, and fertility and population growth. Each topic includes a brief section on 'committments to action'; 'problems at a glance'; and 'areas for action'

Anthropological perspectives on injections : a review


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There is evidence that injections and injection equipment are now often used by lay people in developing countries. Epidemiological evidence links the large number of unsafe injections to serious bloodborne infections such as viral hepatitis b and c, and HIV. This article examines the reasons behind the demand for injections by consumers and the administration of unnecessary or unsafe injections by different types of provider. Interventions aimed at reducing the risk of unsafe injections are discussed in relation to cultural and social factors as well as those factors associated with health systems. Suggestions are made for approaches to the design of such interventions

Management of the child with a serious infection or severe malnutrition : guidelines for care at the first-referral level in developing countries

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development

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A manual for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. It presents up-to-date clinical guidelines, prepared by experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. The manual focuses on the inpatient management of the major causes of childhood mortality, such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria, meningitis, measles, and related conditions. It is part of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)



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