This paper sets out DFID's Information and Communcation Directorate's understanding of the role of communication in HIV programming. It is intended primarily as a resource for DFID staff; but presents a holistic and engaging framework for HIV communication which will be useful beyond, as well as within, DFID. The paper encourages a shift away from often inappropriate programme targets of individual behaviour change, and toward community participation, access to education, information and dialogue -- processes which acknowledge and harness local community resources and capacities. It also promotes integrated communication around prevention, treatment and care
This paper draws on an extensive literature review of local NGO engagement, the direct experience of Pact's rapid response HIV/AIDS grants programme known as Community REACH and formal and informal interviews with the grantees highlighted in the paper. It considers the lessons learned from the programme and the authors hope that these will assist other organisations to successfully engage local partners and provide guidance to donors and national decision-making bodies. The paper is divided into four sections: the first outlines some successful strategies of local NGO engagement; the second examines local NGO strengths and weaknesses; the third provides advice to donors on effective and sustainable partnerships; and the fourth describes four funding models that harness the strengths of local NGOs to effectively respond to HIV/AIDS
Mother to child transmission is the most common cause of HIV infection in children. These guidelines provide updated information on WHO issued recommendations on the use of antiretroviral drugs for preventing mother to child transmission of HIV. These reassessments are within the context of rapidly expanding treatment programmes using simplified and standardised regimens. There has been experienced gained from treatment of mother to child transmission of HIV in resource poor settings as well as further evidence on the safety and effectiveness of various antiretroviral regimens. This document addresses issues of efficacy, safety, drug resistance and feasibility and intends to guide the selection of antiretroviral regimens. They may also be useful for health service providers as specific recommendations are provided for the most frequently encountered clinical situations
This is a practical guide for caregivers and teachers consisting of a collection of ideas, theories, tasks and exercises that help understand the behaviour and feelings of children affected by HIV/AIDS. The handbook provides practical advice on how to support children who have experienced loss and death in order to help them to cope
In June 2001, governments from around the world met for a special UN session on HIV/AIDS. This was the first of its kind. Participating governments agreed this declaration as a global and national response to HIV, containing ambitious indicators of achievements. The document can be used as an advocacy tool in holding governments to account
Report of a meeting of experts on breastfeeding and mother-to-child transmission (MCTC) of HIV from the UK and other Commonwealth countries, organised by the Commonwealth Association of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (CAPGAN) and the Commonwealth Association for Mental Handicap and Developmental Disabilities (CAMHADD). Includes summaries of presentations made, and 12 recommendations to Commonwealth Heads of Government and Ministers of Health
This anthology consists of seven articles on HIV vaccine research from the IAVI Report, the newsletter of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. Several focus on advocacy and the experience of AIDS activists in vaccine development in Brazil and South Africa. Others approach vaccine research from a scientific perspective, looking at trials with drug users, experience of women in vaccine trials and development in Kenya and HIV transmission by breastfeeding. The final article reports on the Global Economic Forum Discussion on global AIDS vaccine delivery
This article discusses the 'inherent flaws' in the idea of setting up a global fund to fight HIV/AIDS and other major diseases. It frames these as poverty-related, rather than health problems and describes the funding shortfall for development against G8 commitments. It gives examples of community-led responses concludes that the international community should re-focus on funding, and reforming, existing programmes and approaches rather than risk repeating mistakes in a new global fund
This thematic study was produced in preparation for the World Education Forum on education for all held in Dakar in Senegal in 2000. The final product was published in 2001 following the Forum. Millions of children are excluded from education through poverty, disability, ethnic difference and gender issues. Two thirds of the 130 million million primary school age children not in school are girls. This report discusses education at all levels from early childhood development through to primary school and secondary school with respect to the most vulnerable groups: girls, children in war, indigenous children, children with disabilities and children with HIV/AIDS. It looks at lessons from good practice and debates the way forward for a more inclusive approach. It is aimed at policy makers and programme makers
A series of briefing cards on sexual and reproductive health issues, covering the topics: rights-based approach; life cycle approach; violence against women; safe motherhood; unwanted pregnancy; unsafe abortion; adolescent sexual and reproductive health; STDs/HIV/AIDS, and fertility and population growth. Each topic includes a brief section on 'committments to action'; 'problems at a glance'; and 'areas for action'
HIV/AIDS prevention and care programmes engage the full range of human rights. International human rights instruments recognise that only non-derogable rights are absolute; other rights may be limited under certain circumstances. However the power to restrict such rights is narrwoly proscribed. To prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS, while simultaneously protecting the rights of those infected with HIV and those who are not, HIV/AIDS policymakers must review the legality of HIV/AIDS policies, evaluate their public health goals, assess whether the policies can achieve those goals, and weigh whether the benefits outweigh the financial and human rights burden
"This document reports the outcomes of a technical consultation on the full range of issues relevant to the postpartum period for the mother and the newborn. The report takes a comprehensive view of maternal and newborn needs at a time which is decisive for the life and health both of the mother and her newborn. Taking women's own perceptions of their own needs during this period as its point of departure, the text examines the major maternal and neonatal health challenges, nutrition and breastfeeding, birth spacing, immunization and HIV/AIDS before concluding with a discussion of the crucial elements of care and service provision in the postpartum. The text ends with a series of recommendations for this critical but under-researched and under-served period of the life of the woman and her newborn, together with a classification of common practices in the postpartum into four categories: those which are useful, those which are harmful, those for which insufficient evidence exists and those which are frequently used inappropriately."
Documents the experience of one of the world’s largest international HIV/AIDS prevention projects, which was implemented by FHI and its partners in 45 countries. It describes lessons learned during AIDSCAP, with examples and project profiles, in ten technical and programmatic areas: behaviour change communication, improving prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, prevention marketing, policy development, behavioral research, evaluation, gender and HIV/AIDS, management, AIDS care and support, and cross-border interventions
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion