Report of a meeting of experts on breastfeeding and mother-to-child transmission (MCTC) of HIV from the UK and other Commonwealth countries, organised by the Commonwealth Association of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (CAPGAN) and the Commonwealth Association for Mental Handicap and Developmental Disabilities (CAMHADD). Includes summaries of presentations made, and 12 recommendations to Commonwealth Heads of Government and Ministers of Health
This anthology consists of seven articles on HIV vaccine research from the IAVI Report, the newsletter of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. Several focus on advocacy and the experience of AIDS activists in vaccine development in Brazil and South Africa. Others approach vaccine research from a scientific perspective, looking at trials with drug users, experience of women in vaccine trials and development in Kenya and HIV transmission by breastfeeding. The final article reports on the Global Economic Forum Discussion on global AIDS vaccine delivery
This report discusses the role of medical research in child health improvement, highlighting how new knowledge has lead to action and action, in turn, to research. Research findings have contributed to reduce child morbidity and mortality by leading to significant achievements in diarrhoea management, breastfeeding promotion, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and remedying vitamin A deficiency. However, research and information systems need now to address four crucial causes of child poor health: low birth weight, nutrition, environmental factors and poverty. Research findings about these crucial risk factors should inform public health programmes and help identify feasible goals. The report calls for more investments to broaden the research capacity of resource-constrained countries to ensure health policies are responsive to local needs
"This document reports the outcomes of a technical consultation on the full range of issues relevant to the postpartum period for the mother and the newborn. The report takes a comprehensive view of maternal and newborn needs at a time which is decisive for the life and health both of the mother and her newborn. Taking women's own perceptions of their own needs during this period as its point of departure, the text examines the major maternal and neonatal health challenges, nutrition and breastfeeding, birth spacing, immunization and HIV/AIDS before concluding with a discussion of the crucial elements of care and service provision in the postpartum. The text ends with a series of recommendations for this critical but under-researched and under-served period of the life of the woman and her newborn, together with a classification of common practices in the postpartum into four categories: those which are useful, those which are harmful, those for which insufficient evidence exists and those which are frequently used inappropriately."
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion