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Prevention of mental handicaps in children in primary health care

Shah, P M

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Some 5-15 percent of children aged 3 to 15 years in both developing and developed countries suffer from mental handicaps... the primary health care approach involving families and communities and instilling the spirit of self-care and self-help is indispensable. Mothers and other family members, traditional births attendents, community health workers, as well as nurse midwives and physicians should be involved in prevention and intervention acitivites, for which they should be trained and given knowledge and skills about appropriate technologies such as the risk approach, home-based maternal record, partograph, mobilogram (kick count), home-risk card, icterometer, and mouth-to- mask or bag and mask resuscitation of the newborn...

Health and Development Initiative - India


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This website looks at issues relating to health programmes in India, in particular the popularisation of the Directly Observed Treatment Shortcourse (DOTS) strategy amongst health care providers and Indian public. The site contains a variety of online resources, including training courses for health workers, conference reports, World TB Day toolkits, surveys looking at the implementation of public health policies in India, an HIV/AIDS guide, and the newsletter "TB News from India"

Aidsmap : information on HIV and AIDS

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This comprehensive website includes reviewed information on a wide range of HIV and AIDS issues, including treatment and care, living with HIV, preventing HIV, basic information on the disease and the epidemic, and a database of organisations. Although there is a slight bias towards information relevant to people in developed countries, particularly around treatment options, many of the information resources will be useful in and are tailored to resource-poor settings. NAM exists to support the fight against AIDS with independent, accurate, accessible and comprehensive information. Includes directories of contacts and organisations working in the HIV field, as well as international resources database which is searchable in 6 languages

China HIV/AIDS information network (CHAIN)


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China HIV/AIDS Information Network (CHAIN) hosts an extensive website which provides an online gateway to CHAIN's resources. The web-based search engine allows users to search for materials in either electronic form or access a summary of materials unavailable electronically. CHAIN is currently expanding its online, searchable Chinese database which will allow individuals from all sectors of Chinese society to search and access CHAIN's extensive online database and download materials, or order them from the CHAIN resource centre online

Treatment Action Campaign (TAC)

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The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) has since 1998 been campaigning for greater access to HIV treatment for all South Africans, by raising public awareness and understanding about issues surrounding the availability, affordability and use of HIV treatments. It campaigns for equitable access to affordable treatment for all people with HIV/AIDS and supports the prevention and elimination of all new HIV infections. It promotes and sponsors legislation to ensure equal access to social services for and equal treatment of all people with HIV/AIDS. It challenges by means of litigation, lobbying, advocacy and all forms of legitimate social mobilisation, against any barrier or obstacle, including unfair discrimination that limits access to treatment for HIV/AIDS in the private and public sector. It educates, promotes and develops an understanding and commitment within all communities of developments in HIV/AIDS treatment. It campaigns for access to affordable and quality health care for all people in South Africa. It trains and develops a representative and effective leadership of people living with HIV/AIDS on the basis of equality and non-discrimination irrespective of race, gender, sexual orientation, disability, religion, sex, socio-economic status, nationality, marital status or any other ground. It campaigns for an effective regional and global network comprising of organisations with similar aims and objectives

The Alaskan AIDS Assistance Association

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The Alaskan AIDS Assistance Association, located in Anchorage and Juneau, Alaska, offers both client services for those affected by HIV and AIDS, as well as education, awareness and prevention programmes. This website includes links to many useful websites on general basic HIV and AIDS information, as well as information targetted to women, young people, and different ethnic and spiritual communities

CATIE : Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange

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CATIE is a significant HIV/AIDS information resource organisation. Its website offers a range of online resources including: e-library of treatment publications, factsheets and practical guides for people living with HIV or AIDS. Resources and publications are tailored to meet the information needs of PLWHA, health care providers and service providers. Others CATIE websites include:, for youth living with HIV/AIDS;, which provides treatment information in many languages;, for nurses;, an online health and wellness magazine for people living with HIV/AIDS;, for Volunteers and AIDS Service Organizations wanting to connect