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A guide for ensuring equity and inclusion in education

UNESCO
July 2017

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This guide is intended to support countries in embedding inclusion and equity in educational policy. It supports Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 on education calls for inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030. The guide is intended for use primarily by key government education policy-makers working with key stakeholders. The guide provides an assessment framework that can serve to: review how well equity and inclusion currently figure in existing policies; decide which actions are needed to improve policies and their implementation towards equitable and inclusive education systems; and monitor progress. The guide includes evidence that informs the assessment framework, examples of initiatives that are contributing to more inclusive and equitable education systems in different parts of the world, and recommendations for further reading. 

Still left behind: Pathways to inclusive education for girls with disabilities

ABU AL-GHAIB, Ola
ANDRAE, Karen
GONDWE, Rachel
LEONARD CHESHIRE DISABILITY
June 2017

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This progress review aims to: provide a synthesis of the understanding of the additional barriers that girls with disabilities face in education; highlight effective or promising approaches and programmes addressing these barriers, including policies and legislation; point to gaps in evidence; and provide recommendations on a way forward. An internet search of relevant grey and academic literature on gender-responsive inclusive education was carried out. A search of websites of (inter) national non-governmental organisations, donors, and research institutions on the subject of gender-responsive inclusive education was conducted. In addition, requests for information on gender-responsive inclusive education interventions were submitted to platforms such as the Pelican Initiative and the Gender and Development Network UK. Subsequent referral to contact persons was followed up via email and phone with requests for sharing of studies, evaluations, progress reports, and other relevant documents of interventions.

Support and guidance for the report provided by UN Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI)

Being disabled in Britain: a journey less equal

EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
April 2017

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"Being disabled in Britain is a review into disability inequality in Great Britain. It builds on the Equality and Human Rights Commission’s statutory five-yearly report on equality and human rights progress in England, Scotland and Wales, Is Britain Fairer?.

We want this report to be used by UK and devolved governments to make improvements to law and policies, by local government to ensure services meet the needs of disabled people, and by disability groups to strengthen their case for change.

The report includes chapters on six areas of life, including education, work, health, justice and participation in politics, looking at where there has been progress and where there are still serious issues to be tackled. It also looks the experiences of those with different impairments and how these impact on people’s life chances"

Progress Report on the implementation of the European Disability Strategy (2010-2020)

EUROPEAN COMMISSION
February 2017

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The Strategy is the main instrument to support the EU's implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). Progress in all eight areas of the strategy is reported: accessibility, participation, equality, employment, education and training, social protection, health and external action. Initiatives such as the Directive on Web Accessibility, the proposal for a European Accessibility Act, the EU Disability Card project (being piloted in 8 Member States) and provisions in the Erasmus+ programme (allowing better mobility for students with disabilities) are highlighted. 

 

This report presents progress achieved in the first five years of the Strategy and assesses implementation. Many stakeholders have contributed to this work. The United Nations reviewed how the EU has been implementing its obligations under the UNCRPD3, and issued Concluding Observations with concrete recommendations for follow-up. These contain guidance on priority issues while also highlighting the steps already taken (see Annex 3). The European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee subsequently prepared their own reports on the implementation of the UNCRPD, while civil society organisations provided analysis and proposals (see Annex 4). The Commission also launched a public consultation to collect views from a broad range of stakeholders on the current situation of persons with disabilities and the impact of the Strategy so far, gathering more than 1,500 contributions (see Annex 1). This report also looks at the role of the supporting instruments and at the implementation of the UNCRPD within the EU institutions. Finally, it looks ahead at how the Strategy will continue to deliver on its objectives. In addition, the report includes a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of EU legal acts with an impact on disability matters (Annex 5)

 

SWD(2017) 29 final

European Semester : Developing more inclusive labour markets for all?

EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF SERVICE PROVIDERS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES (EASPD)
November 2016

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This report examines why the European Semester should look further into the employment rates of persons with disabilities and which measures should be taken at national level to improve the current situation. An overview is given on employment and the UN CRPD and its meaning for the European Union (EU). What the EU is currently doing when it comes to developing more inclusive labour markets through its Employment policy and the European Semester process is examined. The assessment of the legal, political and economic arguments why the European Commission should do more in regard to the employment of persons with disabilities are presented. The economic arguments are also presented through a Study developed specifically for this report by Professor Stephen Beyer. Several ideas as to how the European Commission could focus more on this issue, with feasible and pragmatic recommendations are presented. Specific national messages from EASPD members are included on what changes are needed to tackle the significant unemployment rate of persons with disabilities throughout Europe; including in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Spain.  

The Equality Act 2010: the impact on disabled people. House of Lords Select Committee on the Equality Act 2010 and disability report of session 2015–16

HOUSE OF LORDS, Select Committee on the Equality Act 2010 and Disability
March 2016

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The committee considered whether the UK Equality Act 2010, a legislative framework, adequately supports the fight against disability discrimination and how it can be made to work better for disabled people. Aspects covered include: the Red Tape Challenge; the Public Sector Equality Duty; leisure facilities and housing; access to justice; the restoration of the Equality and Human Rights helpline and conciliation service; and communication. Major issues identified were the need to include disabled people in the planning of services and buildings and communication concerning this, the need to be proactive rather than reactive or process driven and the importance of enforceable rights. Statistics concerning disabled people living in the UK are presented. The development of the Equality Act, and it's relationship with the UNCRPD and with EU law are outlined.

Rethinking the work capability assessment : executive summary

BAUMBERG, Ben
et al
March 2015

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This executive summary report outlines the key research findings about the Work Capability Assessment criteria of the Employment Support Allowance, a means tested benefit for those who are unable to find work in Britain. It presents five lessons learned for the UK based upon analyses undertaken in seven countries and recommendations for best way forward

Rethinking the work capability assessment

BAUMBERG, Ben
et al
March 2015

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This report outlines the key research findings about the Work Capability Assessment (WCA) criteria of the Employment Support Allowance (ESA), a means tested benefit for those who are unable to find work in Britain. It presents the state of the UK’s existing assessment and then describes how seven key countries systematically assess incapacity, and the lessons these countries provide for reforming the WCA in the UK

Communiqué : breaking barriers, carving the world ahead

SYMPOSIUM ON CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN AFRICA
December 2014

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In this short communiqué written on the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, the symposium participants renew their commitment to improving the wellbeing and inclusion of children with disabilities in Africa. The symposium acknowledges the steps taken by many African governments e.g. ratification of CRPD, but highlights the shortfalls and challenges that remain, calling on governments to take certain concrete measures to protect the rights of children with disabilities

Symposium on Children with Disabilities in Africa

2-3 December 2014

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Alternative report to the UN Committee on the rights of persons with disabilities

EUROPEAN DISABILITY FORUM (EDF)
November 2014

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An alternative report by the European Disability Forum on the implementation of the CRPD in the EU. The report highlights where possible, areas for improvement or potential gaps in the implementation of the CRPD in the European context and emphasises that the CRPD in its current state was inadequate for its purpose of eradicating the boundaries to equality for all

Working methods of the committee on the rights of persons with disabilities adopted at its fifth session : 11-15 April 2011

OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONERS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (OHCHR)
September 2011

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"These working methods, which are subject to periodic review, were developed to guide the work of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and to complement the Committee’s rules of procedure. The present working methods reflect the eight general principles that underpin the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities"

Policy paper : making inclusive education a reality

MYERS, Juliette
BAGREE, Sunit
July 2011

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This paper describes the role of inclusive education and the differences with integrated and special educations, emphasising that inclusive education being the system that should be preferred. It provides information about international rights and policies documents that support an international commitment to the education of children and highlights the key challenges and solutions of inclusive education, as well as the duties of national governments and international donors

Appeal on victim assistance to States participating in the Cartagena summit on a mine free world

INTERNATIONAL COMMITEE OF THE RED CROSS
December 2009

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This is an appeal made during the Cartagena Summit for the world to support and act towards a Mine-Free world. About a hundred States participants at the meeting signed the Cartagena declaration for an end of anti-personnel mines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war and assistance to be provided to victims. The appeal calls for an universal adherence to the Convention for a mine-free world. This summit was organized by the ICRC together with the Norwegian Red Cross in Oslo
"Second review conference of the States parties to the convention on the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and on their destruction"
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
30 November - 4 December 2009

Recommendations for national action plans on victim assistance 2010 - 2014|Building on international standards, lessons learned and field expertise for an effective and sustainable impact

MUNOZ, Wanda
BERNARD, Hervé
October 2009

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This report provides recommendations to support stakeholders involved in creating and updating national action plans on victim assistance throughout the period 2010-2014. The recommendations are in accordance with the Cartagena Action Plan and other international humanitarian and human rights standards. The report provides a background on victim assistance and highlights recommendations using six key elements. This report is useful for countries affected by mines/explosive remnants of war (ERW), survivors, disabled persons’ organisations (DPO) and other civil society representatives, international organisations and countries committed to international cooperation

Banning of cluster munitions : government policy and practice

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
LANDMINE ACTION
May 2009

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This report details information about the international treaty banning cluster munitions. It contains entries on 150 countries, including signatories to the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions, stockpiler countries, and affected states. It highlights governments’ policies and efforts to clear contaminated areas and meet the needs of cluster munition victims. It also mentions government practices with respect to the use, production, stockpiling, and transfer of cluster munitions. The report is useful for people interested in a comprehensive overview of the banning of cluster munitions

Disability review 2009

GREENHALGH, Caroline
GORE, Eleanor
2009

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This is the third annual survey highlighting disabled people’s views and experiences of everyday issues around the UK, including education, employment, health and social service, housing, transport and citizenship. The report provides an indicator of the impact of government policies on the lives and experiences of disabled people in the UK

Achieving economic and social rights : the challenge of assessing compliance

ANDERSON, Edward
FORESTI, Marta
December 2008

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This paper considers the challenges governments face when implementing economic and social rights obligations into policy and practice. Assessing government compliance with its obligations is necessary for accountability but is a complex issue for which new approaches are needed. The cost of delivering these rights also needs to be taken into account when developing approaches to assess compliance

The reproductive rights of adolescents : a tool for health and empowerment

CENTER FOR REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS
September 2008

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This briefing paper outlines the general framework of adolescents’ reproductive and sexual rights. It addresses core concerns for adolescents rights and discusses governments’ legal duties to address those concerns. The areas of focus are sexuality education; access to confidential health care; child marriage and lack of educational opportunity; sexual violence; and female genital mutilation. The promotion of adolescent health and autonomy are considered primary goals for advocates and lawmakers

CMC briefing paper on the convention on cluster munitions

CLUSTER MUNITION COALITION
2008

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This paper gives a summary of the key obligations for states, and provides details regarding the signing and ratifying of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. This resource is useful for people interested in learning about the convention

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