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Strengthening mental health system governance in six low- and middle-income countries in Africa and South Asia: challenges, needs and potential strategies

PETERSEN, Inge
et al
February 2017

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The aim of this study was to identify key governance issues that need to be addressed to facilitate the integration of mental health services into general health care in the six participating "Emerald" countries (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda).  The study adopted a descriptive qualitative approach, using framework analysis. Purposive sampling was used to recruit a range of key informants, to ensure views were elicited on all the governance issues within the expanded framework. Key informants across the six countries included policy makers at the national level in the Department/Ministry of Health; provincial coordinators and planners in primary health care and mental health; and district-level managers of primary and mental health care services. A total of 141 key informants were interviewed across the six countries. Data were transcribed (and where necessary, translated into English) and analysed thematically using framework analysis, first at the country level, then synthesised at a cross-country level.

Promoting good policy for leadership and governance of health related rehabilitation: a realist synthesis

MCVEIGH, Joanne
MACLACHLAN, Malcolm
GILMORE Brynne
MACLEAN Chiedza
EIDE, Arne H.
MANNAN Hasheem
GEISER Priscille
DUTTINE Anthony
MJI Gubela
MACAULIFFE Eilish
SPRUNT Beth
AMIN Mutamad
NORMAND Charles
et al
August 2016

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General principles requiring contextual adaptation regarding optimal policy related governance of health related rehabilitation in less resourced settings were developed from a literature review and realistic synthesis. A systematic review of literature published since 2003 was carried out. Multiple reviewers selected articles for inclusion in the realistic synthesis.  A Delphi survey of expert stakeholders refined and triangulated findings from the realist synthesis. Context mechanism outcome pattern configurations (CMOCs) were identified from the literature and then developed into statements for the Delphi survey, whereby 18 expert stakeholders refined these statements to achieve consensus on recommendations for policy related governance of health related rehabilitation. Several broad principles emerged throughout formulation of recommendations: participation of persons with disabilities in policy processes; collection of disaggregated disability statistics; explicit promotion in policies of access to services for all subgroups of persons with disabilities and service-users; robust inter-sectoral coordination; and ‘institutionalising’ programmes.

 

 

Governance, rule of law and peace and security

CHRISTOFFEL BLINDENMISSION (CBM)
2014

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This policy brief, prepared for the Open Working Group session on sustainable development, sets out key recommendations and key issues for inclusive governance, rule of law and peace and security for empowering persons with disabilities.  When implementing development initiatives, it advocates that countries ensure inclusive governance and growth i.e. greater inclusion of persons with disabilities in political, social and economic needs, and the systematic inclusion of disability across all aspects of peace building and conflict management

Post-2015 sustainable development goals Policy Brief

Resilient livelihoods : disaster risk reduction for food and nutrition security framework programme

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
April 2013

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Through its disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) seeks to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events. The FAO Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme (DRR for FNS) serves to support and provide strategic direction, to FAO member countries and partners, for the implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security programmes. The goal is to enhance the resilience of livelihoods against threats and emergencies to ensure the FNS of vulnerable farmers, fishers, herders, foresters and other at risk groups

Local development in West Africa : how to make it inclusive for all?

DIMBARRE KPEHOUNTON, Cathy
et al
January 2013

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“With the push towards decentralization, local governments are gradually emerging as development agents. Overarching development policies are shaped at a national level while public policies are devised and implemented at the local level by local authorities. This film showcases local stakeholders’ contribution to development. It aims to answer the question posed by many local government representatives: ‘How to make local development policies inclusive for all?’ ‘Making it INCLUSIVE’ means not only enabling the citizens to partake in consultation and decision-making processes, but also offering them equal access to services. Within this framework the most vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities, are treated on a par with others”

A global review : UNDP support to institutional and legislative systems for disaster risk management

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)
2012

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This review reflects the results of a global analysis undertaken by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) which examined the UNDP’s role in strengthening institutional and legislative systems for disaster risk management.  The report identifies important factors, both enabling and constraining factors, for disaster risk management in establishing institutional and legislative systems in 19 different countries. It also identifies lessons learned and ways to improved UNDP’s assistance and implementation strategies for the establishment of more effective and sustainable systems in the future

Realising the future we want for all : report to the secretary-general

UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM TASK TEAM
June 2012

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"The report begins by reflecting on the experience of the UN system in supporting the implementation of the MDG framework. Building on the lessons learned, the report provides an assessment of the key development challenges to which the global development agenda should respond. It proposes a vision of people-centred, inclusive and sustainable development and initial ideas for possible contours of a post-2015 UN development agenda. It concludes by laying out a possible road map for the process of defining the agenda, including ways of bringing different voices of people around the world into the consultations"

Local development in West Africa : how to make it inclusive for all? : accompanying booklet

DIMBARRE KPEHOUNTON, Cathy
et al
2012

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“With the push towards decentralization, local governments are gradually emerging as development agents. Overarching development policies are shaped at a national level while public policies are devised and implemented at the local level by local authorities. This booklet accompanies the film that showcases local stakeholders’ contribution to development. It aims to answer the question posed by many local government representatives: ‘How to make local development policies inclusive for all?’ ‘Making it INCLUSIVE’ means not only enabling the citizens to partake in consultation and decision-making processes, but also offering them equal access to services. Within this framework the most vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities, are treated on a par with others”

Beyond 2015 : where next for the millennium development goals?

TROCAIRE
2012

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"This report presents a meeting of the Irish development sector that discussed the major issues that need to be addressed in a successor framework to the current MDGs...This report summaries the panel inputs and the results of the proceeding discussion. Part I, welcome and introductions, consists of excerpts from the speeches made by Mr. Justin Kilcullen and Minister Joe Costello. Part II summarises the key points presented by the four guest panel speakers. Finally, part III consists of a synopsis of the main issues arising from the roundtable discussion"
"Beyond 2015 : where next for the millennium development goals?"
Dublin, Ireland
1 February 2012

Roads from Rio+20: pathways to achieve global sustainability goals by 2050

PBL NETHERLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AGENCY
et al
2012

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"This report was written in the run-up to Rio+20, the UN conference that will revisit the outcomes of its 1992 precursor. Rio+20 aims to set the agenda for sustainable development policies in the coming decade, with its focus on a next generation of sustainable development goals, a green economy and the reform of the institutional framework for sustainable development. This report analyses possible pathways to achieve a set of internationally agreed sustainable development goals for food, land and biodiversity, as well as for energy and climate. It explores how environmental and development objectives could be reconciled, in actual practice"

The world we want : beyond 2015|A toolkit for national deliberations

THE GLOBAL CALL TO ACTION AGAINST POVERTY
BEYOND 2015
UN MILLENIUM CAMPAIGN
December 2011

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"This toolkit aims to help civil society organisations organise and facilitate such national deliberations. It should be used for the following purposes: to understand the international, intergovernmental processes (led by the UN) for the creation of a post-2015 framework, to understand how CSOs can work together to influence the national, regional and global process towards the post-2015 framework, to develop a civil society position on a post-2015 framework built around national and local deliberations, to understand the current on-going discussions about the potential content of a post-2015 framework"

Rights in action : good practices for inclusive local governance in West Africa

PIATTA, Francesca
September 2010

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This is a presentation on the report of the Rights in Action initiative. The primary objective of this Making It Work initiative is to promote practical, evidence-based recommendations on how to achieve inclusive local governance in West Africa, based on collected examples of good practice in line with Article 29 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, so that people with disabilities have an active role in shaping the local policies and services that impact directly on their lives. The presentation outlines the objectives of the initiative, the approach used and advocacy activities

Rights in action : good practices for inclusive local governance in West Africa

PIATTA, Francesca
GUY, Michael
2010

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"Rights in Action" is a multi-stakeholder initiative using the Making it Work methodology in seven West African countries. This report analyses examples of people with disabilities actively participating in local governance and influencing decision making in West Africa. It provides a series of practical recommendations for key stakeholders on how to replicate this good practice which links with article 29 of the UNCRPD. This report would be of interest to people working with disability rights and local inclusive governance in West Africa

Rights in action : good practices for local inclusive governance in West Africa|Summary report

PIATTA, Francesca
GUY, Michael
2010

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"Rights in Action" is a multi-stakeholder initiative using the Making it Work methodology to promote practical, evidence based recommendations on how to achieve inclusive local governance in seven West African countries. This summary report presents the key findings and recommendations from the initiative. This report would be of interest to people working with disability rights and local inclusive governance in West Africa

The politics of poverty : elites, citizens and states|Findings from ten years of DFID-funded research on governance and fragile states 2001- 2010 : a synthesis report

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2010

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This report focuses on how to produce better-governed societies, through political and economic reform and better public-service delivery. The paper provides a brief overview of how DFID’s research programmes have informed views of governance, fragility and conflict in the developing world, over the last ten years

What really matters : a guide to person-centered excellence|Application for services for people with mental illness

THE COUNCIL ON QUALITY AND LEADERSHIP (CQL)
2010

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"This guide promotes quality improvement in behavioral health services and supports. These best practices and the resulting quality improvement initiatives can be applied across the range of supports and services for people with mental illness...This manual has eight main sections and each section contains a key factor with its success indicators. We use the term ‘factor’ to refer to the main area: for example, Person-centered Planning. Likewise, each factor has a number of ‘success indicators’ that describe critical aspects of the factor. For each success indicator there are three parts: a statement of the indicator; a brief explanation of the meaning behind this indicator; a description of how organizations apply this indicator in practice"

Medicines : corruption and pharmaceuticals

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
December 2009

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This fact sheet gives a brief overview of the key facts regarding corruption in the pharmaceutical supply chain. It focuses on unethical practices in the medicines supply chain, factors contributing to pharmaceutical corruption, the impact of corruption, and the response of the WHO

Corruption

KAUFMANN, Daniel
KHAN, Mushtaq
BARDER, Owen
November 2009

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Daniel Kaufmann and Mushtaq Khan debate the role and importance of tackling corruption as part of a development strategy. Daniel Kaufmann led the work on governance at the World Bank Institute until November 2008, and is currently a Senior Scholar at the Brookings Institution. Mushtaq Khan is Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. The session is facilitated by Owen Barder, a former UK Department for International Development (DFID) official, now working for Development Initiatives

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