The aim of this study was to identify key governance issues that need to be addressed to facilitate the integration of mental health services into general health care in the six participating "Emerald" countries (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda). The study adopted a descriptive qualitative approach, using framework analysis. Purposive sampling was used to recruit a range of key informants, to ensure views were elicited on all the governance issues within the expanded framework. Key informants across the six countries included policy makers at the national level in the Department/Ministry of Health; provincial coordinators and planners in primary health care and mental health; and district-level managers of primary and mental health care services. A total of 141 key informants were interviewed across the six countries. Data were transcribed (and where necessary, translated into English) and analysed thematically using framework analysis, first at the country level, then synthesised at a cross-country level.
General principles requiring contextual adaptation regarding optimal policy related governance of health related rehabilitation in less resourced settings were developed from a literature review and realistic synthesis. A systematic review of literature published since 2003 was carried out. Multiple reviewers selected articles for inclusion in the realistic synthesis. A Delphi survey of expert stakeholders refined and triangulated findings from the realist synthesis. Context mechanism outcome pattern configurations (CMOCs) were identified from the literature and then developed into statements for the Delphi survey, whereby 18 expert stakeholders refined these statements to achieve consensus on recommendations for policy related governance of health related rehabilitation. Several broad principles emerged throughout formulation of recommendations: participation of persons with disabilities in policy processes; collection of disaggregated disability statistics; explicit promotion in policies of access to services for all subgroups of persons with disabilities and service-users; robust inter-sectoral coordination; and ‘institutionalising’ programmes.
This policy brief, prepared for the Open Working Group session on sustainable development, sets out key recommendations and key issues for inclusive governance, rule of law and peace and security for empowering persons with disabilities. When implementing development initiatives, it advocates that countries ensure inclusive governance and growth i.e. greater inclusion of persons with disabilities in political, social and economic needs, and the systematic inclusion of disability across all aspects of peace building and conflict management
Post-2015 sustainable development goals Policy Brief
Through its disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) seeks to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events. The FAO Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme (DRR for FNS) serves to support and provide strategic direction, to FAO member countries and partners, for the implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security programmes. The goal is to enhance the resilience of livelihoods against threats and emergencies to ensure the FNS of vulnerable farmers, fishers, herders, foresters and other at risk groups
“With the push towards decentralization, local governments are gradually emerging as development agents. Overarching development policies are shaped at a national level while public policies are devised and implemented at the local level by local authorities. This film showcases local stakeholders’ contribution to development. It aims to answer the question posed by many local government representatives: ‘How to make local development policies inclusive for all?’ ‘Making it INCLUSIVE’ means not only enabling the citizens to partake in consultation and decision-making processes, but also offering them equal access to services. Within this framework the most vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities, are treated on a par with others”
This review reflects the results of a global analysis undertaken by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) which examined the UNDP’s role in strengthening institutional and legislative systems for disaster risk management. The report identifies important factors, both enabling and constraining factors, for disaster risk management in establishing institutional and legislative systems in 19 different countries. It also identifies lessons learned and ways to improved UNDP’s assistance and implementation strategies for the establishment of more effective and sustainable systems in the future
"The report begins by reflecting on the experience of the UN system in supporting the implementation of the MDG framework. Building on the lessons learned, the report provides an assessment of the key development challenges to which the global development agenda should respond. It proposes a vision of people-centred, inclusive and sustainable development and initial ideas for possible contours of a post-2015 UN development agenda. It concludes by laying out a possible road map for the process of defining the agenda, including ways of bringing different voices of people around the world into the consultations"
"This document has been designed to provide some key principles of good governance that can aid decision making at board level in healthcare providers. The guide builds on previous best practice guidance whilst recognising the major impact of the current changes to the NHS architecture. It is intended to be of interest to existing NHS boards, emerging Clinical Commissioning Groups and Health and Wellbeing Boards and those responsible for managing governance systems and processes within healthcare"
"This report was written in the run-up to Rio+20, the UN conference that will revisit the outcomes of its 1992 precursor. Rio+20 aims to set the agenda for sustainable development policies in the coming decade, with its focus on a next generation of sustainable development goals, a green economy and the reform of the institutional framework for sustainable development. This report analyses possible pathways to achieve a set of internationally agreed sustainable development goals for food, land and biodiversity, as well as for energy and climate. It explores how environmental and development objectives could be reconciled, in actual practice"
“With the push towards decentralization, local governments are gradually emerging as development agents. Overarching development policies are shaped at a national level while public policies are devised and implemented at the local level by local authorities. This booklet accompanies the film that showcases local stakeholders’ contribution to development. It aims to answer the question posed by many local government representatives: ‘How to make local development policies inclusive for all?’ ‘Making it INCLUSIVE’ means not only enabling the citizens to partake in consultation and decision-making processes, but also offering them equal access to services. Within this framework the most vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities, are treated on a par with others”
"This toolkit aims to help civil society organisations organise and facilitate such national deliberations. It should be used for the following purposes: to understand the international, intergovernmental processes (led by the UN) for the creation of a post-2015 framework, to understand how CSOs can work together to influence the national, regional and global process towards the post-2015 framework, to develop a civil society position on a post-2015 framework built around national and local deliberations, to understand the current on-going discussions about the potential content of a post-2015 framework"
This is a presentation on the report of the Rights in Action initiative. The primary objective of this Making It Work initiative is to promote practical, evidence-based recommendations on how to achieve inclusive local governance in West Africa, based on collected examples of good practice in line with Article 29 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, so that people with disabilities have an active role in shaping the local policies and services that impact directly on their lives. The presentation outlines the objectives of the initiative, the approach used and advocacy activities
"Rights in Action" is a multi-stakeholder initiative using the Making it Work methodology to promote practical, evidence based recommendations on how to achieve inclusive local governance in seven West African countries. This summary report presents the key findings and recommendations from the initiative. This report would be of interest to people working with disability rights and local inclusive governance in West Africa
This report focuses on how to produce better-governed societies, through political and economic reform and better public-service delivery. The paper provides a brief overview of how DFID’s research programmes have informed views of governance, fragility and conflict in the developing world, over the last ten years
"This guide promotes quality improvement in behavioral health services and supports. These best practices and the resulting quality improvement initiatives can be applied across the range of supports and services for people with mental illness...This manual has eight main sections and each section contains a key factor with its success indicators. We use the term ‘factor’ to refer to the main area: for example, Person-centered Planning. Likewise, each factor has a number of ‘success indicators’ that describe critical aspects of the factor. For each success indicator there are three parts: a statement of the indicator; a brief explanation of the meaning behind this indicator; a description of how organizations apply this indicator in practice"
Daniel Kaufmann and Mushtaq Khan debate the role and importance of tackling corruption as part of a development strategy. Daniel Kaufmann led the work on governance at the World Bank Institute until November 2008, and is currently a Senior Scholar at the Brookings Institution. Mushtaq Khan is Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. The session is facilitated by Owen Barder, a former UK Department for International Development (DFID) official, now working for Development Initiatives
This is an advisory from law firm Arnold & Porter on the growth of transparency and disclosure efforts affecting the pharmaceutical industry
This article looks at the ideas that Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA) is testing, in order to achieve its long term goal to make high-quality essential medicines available and affordable to poor people who are currently unable to access them; and at how these ideas are being put into practice in Ghana. Ghana is one of the seven countries involved in the pilot phase of MeTA, the other countries are Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Peru, the Philippines, Uganda and Zambia
"This report presents the findings of the first phase of the [World Health Organization's] national Good Governance for Medicines programme in Jordan. The assessment aims to obtain a picture of the level of transparency and potential vulnerability to corruption in the public pharmaceutical sector using WHO’s assessment instrument. In Jordan, the assessment looked at six functions: medicines registration, inspection of pharmaceutical establishments, promotion, selection, procurement and distribution"
"This report presents the findings of the first phase of the [World Health Organization's] national Good Governance for Medicines programme in Lebanon. The assessment aims to obtain a picture of the level of transparency and potential vulnerability to corruption in the public pharmaceutical sector using WHO’s assessment instrument. In Lebanon, the assessment looked at six functions: medicines registration, inspection of pharmaceutical establishments, promotion, selection, procurement and distribution"
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion