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2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic : executive summary

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
June 2004

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This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. It considers the impact of HIV and AIDS on people and societies and includes a particular focus on the orphans and vulnerable children. It takes a further look at scaling up HIV prevention initiatives, with considerations about the threat of HIV to young people. There is a look at treatment, care and support for people living with HIV. It also takes into account the notion of human rights and protection. There are finally some considerations of the financing of responses to the crisis, and the need to coordinate national responses to HIV and AIDS. There is a table fo useful information on country specific estimates and data relating to HIV and AIDS

Assessing the costs of a rural PMTCT pilot site in the Eastern Cape

DESMOND, Chris
BOYCE, Gerard
Eds
2004

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Mother to child transmission is by far the largest source of HIV infection in children below the age of 15. Prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programmes have been implemented nationally in South Africa since 2000. This report presents the results of research conducted at a pilot site in the Eastern Cape into the use of resources associated with the implementation of a PMTCT programme. It is part of a larger research project that seeks to examine and compare the costs of providing nevirapine and AZT in both urban and rural contexts. It is hoped that this study will contribute to the national programme of monitoring and evaluating the costs and effectiveness of PMTCT interventions in South Africa

The cost-effectiveness of technology transfer using telemedicine

JOHNSON, K
KENNEDY, C
MURDOCH, I
2004

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This article describes the use of teleophthalmology, a form of telemedicine, as a mode of technology transfer between the United Kingdom and South Africa. Researchers found the technology transfer project to be cost-effective in reducing the burden of eye disease, and that practitioners in South Africa also learned novel procedures that could help future patients and improve cost-effectiveness

2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic

WOODS, Sandra
Ed
2004

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This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. It considers the impact of HIV and AIDS on people and societies and includes a particular focus on the orphans and vulnerable children. It takes a further look at scaling up HIV prevention initiatives, with considerations about the threat of HIV to young people. There is a look at treatment, care and support for people living with HIV. It also takes into account the notion of human rights and protection. There are finally some considerations of the financing of responses to the crisis, and the need to coordinate national responses to HIV and AIDS. There is a table fo useful information on country specific estimates and data relating to HIV and AIDS

2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic

WOODS, Sandra
Ed
2004

Expand view

This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. It considers the impact of HIV and AIDS on people and societies and includes a particular focus on the orphans and vulnerable children. It takes a further look at scaling up HIV prevention initiatives, with considerations about the threat of HIV to young people. There is a look at treatment, care and support for people living with HIV. It also takes into account the notion of human rights and protection. There are finally some considerations of the financing of responses to the crisis, and the need to coordinate national responses to HIV and AIDS. There is a table fo useful information on country specific estimates and data relating to HIV and AIDS

Monitoring and evaluation : some tools, methods and approaches

WORLD BANK
2004

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An introductory guide to methods and approaches for monitoring and evaluation. Provides an overview of key tools, with essential information about their use, advantages and disadvantages, costs, skills and time required. Types of evaluation discussed include: performance indicators, logical framework approach, theory-based evaluation, formal surveys, rapid appraisal methods, participatory methods, public expenditure tracking surveys, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis and impact evaluation

Fundraising

BLACKMAN, Rachel
2004

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This book is a practical, easy to read guide for development organisations looking to diversify their funding base. It offers a step by step approach to creating a funding strategy; an overview of the different types of funding sources available; and considers ethical fundraising principles specifically from a Christian viewpoint. There are also suggestion as to how the material might be adapted to a workshop setting. Case studies from local NGOs in developing countries provide real life examples of fundraising and the lessons learned. This resource is also available online in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese

Human resources for health : overcoming the crisis

JOINT LEARNING INITIATIVE
2004

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This report identifies strategies to strengthen the workforce of health systems. The Joint Learning Initiative was launched because many people believed that the most critical factor driving health system performance, the health worker, was neglected and overlooked

Synergies through linkages : who benefits from linking finance and business development services?

SIEVERS, Merten
VANDENBERG, Paul
2004

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This paper examines how finance and business development services (BDS) can be linked. It demonstrates how synergies can be created for the three main groups: micro and small enterprises, financial institutions, and BDS providers. It highlights that the linkage must be context dependent with case studies provided. This would be useful for practitioners, development agencies and governments interested in linking finance and BDS

Guarantee funds for small enterprises : a manual for guarantee fund managers

DEELEN, Linda
MOLENAAR, Klaas
2004

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This manual presents practical information about guarantee funds aimed at small entrepreneurs, highlighting that guarantee funds play a vital part in the recovery of a weak economy. It provides an introduction and useful information such as types of guarantee fund models and monitoring information. This resource is useful for guarantee fund managers in developing countries

Road safety and health

WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY
2004

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This report from the World Health Assembly recognises that road traffic injuries are a public health problem and advocates for prevention initiatives on road safety and health. It highlights 13 recommendations for member states and eight requests to the Director-General. This paper is useful to those interested in road traffic injuries and road safety
World Health Assembly
Geneva, Switzerland
17-22 May 2004
WHA57.10

Open Source in Africa : towards informed decision-making

BRUGGINK, Martin
August 2003

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Open Source solutions became a real alternative in western and northern countries as well as in Asian countries. In Africa, Open Source initiatives have not yet been discussed thoroughly. This brief summarizes research carried out in Tanzania, Uganda and Burkina Faso, asking how and if Open Source is used

Resource centre manual : how to set up and manage a resource centre

O'SULLIVAN, Sheila
et al
2003

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Contains practical information on all aspects of setting up and managing a resource centre, from planning, fundraising and finding a suitable location, to collecting and organising materials, developing information services, and monitoring and evaluating the work of the resource centre. It assumes that most readers will use manual systems for organising information, but also explains how computers can be used in resource centres, including e-mail, Internet and databases. It describes how to select database software, and contains a detailed review of three leading database programs. It includes a list of organisations and publications that can provide further information

Drug and therapeutics committees : a practical guide

HOLLOWAY, Kathleen
GREEN, Terry
2003

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This guide provides guidance to doctors, pharmacists, hospital managers and other professionals who may be serving on Drug and Therapeutics Committees (DTCs) and/or who are concerned with how to improve the quality and cost efficiency of therapeutic care. It is relevant for all kinds of DTCs - whether in public or private hospitals and whether at district or tertiary referral level. This manual covers a committee's functions and structure, the medicines formulary process, and how to assess new medicines. The chapters on tools to investigate drug use and strategies to promote rational use are followed by a discussion of antimicrobial resistance and infection control. The publication concludes by explaining in detail how to start a committee or improve the effectiveness of an existing one

Changing minds, policies and lives : improving protection of children in eastern Europe and central Asia. Redirecting resources to community-based services

FOX, Louise
POSARAC
REICHENBERG, Judita
2003

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After more than a decade of coping with transition challenges in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the need for the reform of family and child welfare systems has been widely acknowledged. Through Changing minds, policies and lives, UNICEF and the World Bank have teamed up in an effort to developing knowledge and tools for the reform of three essential family welfare system regulators (decision making, standards and financing). This publication provides guidelines for redirecting monetary resources by changing financing flows primarily towards support for families at risk and family-based alternatives. This toolkit is part of a three set collection, the other two focus on standards to ensure family-centered outcomes, and decision making processes to reshape the gate-keeping system

KNOPPIX : live Linux filesystem on CD

KNOPPER, Klaus
2003

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Knoppix is a CD-bootable Linux operating system with the ability to run efficiently on many computers. Knoppix requires no installation and often no effort for hardware configuration, it provides the opportunity to try Linux operating system with Graphical User Interface (GUI) to anyone interested. It is also ideal for trouble-shooting, especially when a computer does not boot from the operating system installed in the hard disk. The website provides links to the download sites, forums and information sites

Human resources toolbox : building an inclusive development community

MOBILITY INTERNATIONAL USA (MIUSA)
2003

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This toolbox provides information, strategies and resources for development organisations to become more inclusive in their hiring practices, administration and policies. It focuses on practical tips and resources for organisations seeking to become more inclusive at headquarter offices and though organisational policies. Although it was designed for US-based agencies and refers to the Americans with Disabilities Act, it includes practical and useful guidance which will be adaptable to many contexts. It deals with workplace accessibility, communication, Internet accessibility, recruitment of disabled people, budgeting for inclusion, and more. The "budgeting for inclusion" section provides an innovative strategy for ensuring that your organisation has the funds it needs to accommodate people with disabilities in both offices and the projects the organisation supports

Planning and budgeting to deliver services for mental health : mental health policy and service guidance package

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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The purpose of this module is to set out a clear and rational model for assessing the needs of local populations for mental health care and for planning services accordingly. The module aims to provide countries with a set of planning and budgeting tools that can assist with the delivery of mental health services in local areas. It presents a pragmatic approach to service planning, making use of the best available information and taking account of the views of all relevant stakeholders

Achieving universal primary education by 2015 : a chance for every child

BRUNS, Barbara
MINGAT, Alain
RAKOTOMALALA, Ramahatra
2003

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This study assesses whether universal primary completion can be achieved by 2015, the target date set by the Millennium Development Goals. This study focuses on the following two data gaps in many developing countries: the education policies that in many countries are needed for faster progress and the incremental financing required to support this progress. This study is useful for anyone interested in universal primary completion

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