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United States strategy to prevent and respond to gender-based violence globally

US AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
August 2012

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This report outlines a strategy "to prevent and respond more effectively to gender-based violence globally. The purpose of the strategy is to establish a government-wide approach that identifies, coordinates, integrates, and leverages current efforts and resources. The strategy provides Federal agencies with a set of concrete goals and actions to be implemented and monitored over the course of the next three years with an evaluation of progress midway through this period. At the end of the three-year timeframe, the agencies will evaluate the progress made and chart a course forward"

Understanding and addressing violence against women

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2012

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This resource contains links to seven information sheets to address and understand violence against women. The information sheets include the following: Overview; Intimate partner violence; Sexual violence; Femicide; Female genital mutilation; Human trafficking; Health consequences

Women and health : today's evidence tomorrow's agenda

ABOUZAHR, Carla
DE ZOYSA Isabelle
GARCIA MORENO Claudia
Eds
2009

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This is a report on women and health - both women’s health needs and their contribution to the health of societies. Women’s health has long been a concern for the World Health Organization but today it has become an urgent priority. This report explains why. Using current data, it takes stock of what is known about the health of women throughout their lives and across the different regions of the world

Mental health aspects of women’s reproductive health : a global review of the literature

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
UNITED NATIONS POPULATIONS FUND (UNFPA)
2009

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This report presents information outlining "the ways in which mental health concerns intersect with women’s reproductive health. It includes a discussion of the bio-psycho-social factors that increase vulnerability to poor mental health, those that might be protective and the types of programmes that could mitigate adverse effects and promote mental health." This review is useful for public health professionals, planners, policy makers and programme managers to raise awareness of mental health aspects of women’s reproductive health

The reproductive rights of adolescents : a tool for health and empowerment

CENTER FOR REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS
September 2008

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This briefing paper outlines the general framework of adolescents’ reproductive and sexual rights. It addresses core concerns for adolescents rights and discusses governments’ legal duties to address those concerns. The areas of focus are sexuality education; access to confidential health care; child marriage and lack of educational opportunity; sexual violence; and female genital mutilation. The promotion of adolescent health and autonomy are considered primary goals for advocates and lawmakers

A report card on maternal mortality

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2008

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‘Progress for Children’ is a series that monitors progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. This edition focuses on maternal health and, in particular, maternal mortality. It considers general progress and then examines particular regions. The report card acknowledges progress in improving maternal health, but argues that it is not sufficient to meet the MDG target of reducing maternal mortality by three quarters between 1990 and 2015

The questions adolescents ask most frequently about reproductive rights and their answers

2007

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In Tanzania there are laws to protect adolescents and give them access to their rights, including reproductive rights and protection from sexual violence, forced marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). This booklet provides adolescents with information on their reproductive rights to guide them towards making informed decisions about their own lives. The questions were all asked by Tanzanian adolescents and the answers include information on family planning and abortion, sexual violence in a society's culture, child sexual abuse, rape and its consequences, forced marriages and advice on what to do, and causes and effects of FGM, with guidance on how to get help. A summary of international and national legal documents referred to appears at the back

Gender-based violence [thematic section]

OSAKUE, Grace
Ed
2006

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The thematic section of this issue focuses on violence and gender. It presents an overview of the many types of gender-based violence (GBV), including domestic violence, rape, prostitution and female genital mutilation. Grace Osakue argues that the main reason for widespread GBV is the prevalence of patriarchal values and deeply embedded cultural attitudes in many societies. The debilitating effects for women are felt at many levels: psychological, social economic. A number of initiatives and programmes have been effective in helping to break the silence, and these include awareness raising; counselling; legal reform; social mobilisation; improving women's economic conditions and involving survivors in programming. In another article, Zubeda Dangor, reporting on Nisaa's experience of providing accommodation and counselling to abused children and women in South Africa, explores the link between violence and HIV. Finally Ehita Ikoghode-Aikpitanyi investigates girls trafficking in Nigeria, and reports on the lessons learned from the Girls' Power Initiative

Reproductive health

USAID AFRICA BUREAU. Office for Sustainable Development
2003

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A collection of briefings from USAID's Africa Bureau on their activities in various areas of reproductive health

Female genital mutilation programmes to date : what works and what doesn't, a review

MOHAMUD, Asha A
ALI, Nancy A
YINGER, Nancy V
et al
1999

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This review looks at the status of female genital mutilation programming, the types of behaviour change strategies being implemented, their successes and failures, what lessons have been learned, and what support and strategies are required if the goal of eliminating female genital mutilation is to be achieved. The review focuses on the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions

Women's reproductive rights in Nigeria : a shadow report

CENTER FOR REPRODUCTIVE LAW AND POLICY (CRLP)
WOMEN'S CENTRE FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT (WOPED)
June 1998

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This report is intended to supplement the report of the government of Nigeria to the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). This report focuses particularly on reproductive rights, laws and policies related to reproductive rights, and the realities affecting women's reproductive rights in Nigeria. The report seeks to bring the human rights dimensions of health issues to the attention of bodies monitoring the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (Women's Convention). The report links various fundamental reproductive rights issues to the relevant provisions of the Women's Convention

Where women have no doctor : a health guide for women

BURNS, A. August
et al
1997

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Using simple language and hundreds of pictures, this book provides information on how a woman's body changes, and on monthly bleeding, and has chapters among others on health concerns of girls, mental health and violence against women

Culture and health : orientation texts on the 1996 theme

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
THE JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
Eds
1996

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This edited volume includes chapters by different authors on cultural issues as they impact on a wide range of health concerns in developing countries. The papers are based on research and experience in many countries, and offer examples of where cultural factors have impacted on project design and outcomes, as well as the theoretical basis for 'endogenous development'. Useful as a general "reader" or background text on this topic as well as a source of examples and illustrations of how to harness culture for health interventions

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