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The state of the world's children 2007. Women and children : the double dividend of gender equality

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2006

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"The State of the World’s Children 2007 examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children"

Conducting surveys on disability : a comprehensive toolkit

BAKHSHI, Parul
TRANI, Jean-Francois
ROLLAND, Cecile
2006

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This comprehensive toolkit gives the basis for the design and implementation of household surveys. It is designed for those interested in understanding disability within a specific social, political, cultural and religious context. The six sections of this document outline how to design, conduct and analyse a survey which focuses on similar issues. Topics in these sections include: understanding the socio-economic context in order to determine the survey objectives, training the interviewers team and conducting field operations to collect the data. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in data collection, surveys and disability and development

Social relationships and adolescents’ HIV counseling and testing decisions in Zambia

DENISON, Julie
et al
2006

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Families can play an important role in young peoples' decision-making about getting tested for HIV. To encourage youth to seek voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) and ensure that they receive follow-up care, programme managers need to implement communication strategies that promote discussion about VCT within families and strengthen referral systems to better link HIV-positive youth with care services

Zip zip my brain harts

BUCKLAND, Angela
et al
2006

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This book contains photographs by Angela Buckland interspersed with text by researchers interested in disability issues. Its aim is to..."increase public awareness of the needs and human rights of disabled people and their families"

A situational analysis of child-headed households and community foster care in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh states, India

INDIA HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
2006

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This study documents the needs and challenges of orphans in child-headed households, and explores the related legal and policy issues. The study also aims to analyse the need for community foster care and to support policy change that will enable the scaling up of community foster care in the two states. The report finds that an immediate response at all levels is needed to protect children from abuse and exploitation, and makes a number of programmatic, policy and research recommendations

Children without parental care : qualitative alternatives [whole issue]

December 2005

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A growing number of children around the world are currently orphaned or otherwise growing up without parents, due to conflicts, natural disasters and HIV and AIDS. This issue of Early Childhood Matters takes a look at the current state of international thinking on the issue of children without parental care. It highlights the need for international guidelines that guarantee the appropriateness of the environment in which children grow up

Permanency planning : the principles to be taken into account. A global policy for children and family

INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE
INTERNATIONAL REFERENCE CENTRE FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD DEPRIVED OF FAMILY (ISS/IRC)
October 2005

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Apart from preventing the separation of children from their family of origin, one of the main challenges today in many countries entails developing an individual and lifelong plan, preferably in a family, for every child housed in institutional or foster care. This document outlines basic principles of developing or elaborating on a lifelong plan. Central to this process is a multi-disciplinary approach that combines the activities of the social, psychological, medical, and legal services

The promise of a future : strengthening family and community care for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa

OLSON, Kerry
et al
August 2005

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"This report addresses the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS on children and families in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that is home to over 80% of the 15 million children under the age of 18 who have been orphaned by the pandemic worldwide. The health, education, safety, and survival of increasing numbers of children are particularly at risk in African countries that are heavily affected by HIV/AIDS, poverty and disease. The most promising solutions to this mounting crisis look beyond orphanages and institutional care to more sustainable, cost-effective, and developmentally appropriate alternatives"

A guide for including people with disabilities in disaster preparedness planning

CONNECTICUT COUNCIL ON DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
The University of Connecticut A.J. Pappanikou Center for Excellence In Developmental Disabilities Education, Research and Service
Office of Protection & Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities
2005

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This guide is primarily intended to assist people involved in preparedness planning at the municipal and regional levels. It also contains information that will be useful to individuals with disabilities and families in the appendices.  Appendix A features disaster preparedness tips & tools for people with disabilities.  Appendix D also identifies some critical issues that need further development at the systems level in Connecticut.

Note: This guide can be made available in alternative formats upon request. Address specific requests to: The University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities at 860 679 1500 (v) or 860 679 1502 (TTY)

Lessons Learned : A Forum on Disaster Preparedness for People with Disabilities

Berlin, CT

6 December 2005

Afghanistan : community based approach to parents with disabled children : reality or ambition?

TURMUSANI, Majid
May 2005

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The article discusses the exclusion of people with disabilities from mainstream services and activities in Afghanistan, the CBR initiatives to support families with disabled children and their limitations. A number of recommendations are made on how CBR as a comprehensive strategy can be enhanced by increasing the involvement of service users and their families in all stages of the rehabilitation process
Republished from ‘Disability World’ web-zine

HIV and young children : an annotated bibliography on psychosocial perspectives

SHERR, Lorraine
February 2005

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This annotated bibliography offers a practical guide to the content of the references which informed the literature review presented in BVLF Working Paper 33 (Young Children and HIV/AIDS: Mapping the Field). It is intended to help readers who want to go deeper into the issues and explore the original source material. The bibliography presents the references - mostly to peer-reviewed medical or psychology journals - under subject headings such as "disclosure", "interventions", "parentless children", "social development", and more

Getting ready : findings from the National School Readiness Indicators Initiative. A 17 State partnership

RHODE ISLAND KIDS COUNT
Ed
February 2005

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This is a comprehensive report on school readiness indicators. The report explores why school readiness is important, and identifies core indicators in relation to children's development, families, communities and services. It also looks at indicators in relation to policy making and provides a sampling of policy options. The focus is on the US experience but findings and indicators can be adapted and applied to other contexts

USAID project profiles : children affected by HIV/AIDS

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
January 2005

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This document presents profiles of 114 projects (90 country-specific, 12 regional, and 12 global) funded by USAID. It includes a section on USAID projects that support access to education in Africa. The project profiles include the names of implementing organisations, funding periods and amounts, objectives, strategies, key accomplishments, priority activities for the year ahead, and materials and tools available to other projects that can help meet the needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. The diversity of these projects demonstrates the US government's efforts to meet the wide variety of needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. Approaches vary in both strategy and scale. The vast majority of projects work with communities to identify opportunities that strengthen existing resources without undermining local ownership. In many places, communities are already mobilised and have systems in place to identify, protect, and provide basic necessities to the most vulnerable children. USAID supports the strengthening and monitoring of these existing activities

The spillover impacts of Africa's orphan crisis

EVANS, David
2005

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This is a study using a collection of 41 demographic and health surveys from 26 African countries. The households that provide care for orphans are characterised, and the impact of taking in orphans on outcomes for other household residents, including children's health and education, is estimated. A key finding is that orphan care is concentrated in households with fewer other childcare responsibilities, especially elderly households. The researcher found no evidence that having an orphan join the household significantly affected the household, contrary to popular views that orphans generate negative spillovers

Orphans and schooling in Africa : a longitudinal analysis

EVANS, David
MIGUEL, Edward
2005

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This paper looks at the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 children in rural Kenya. There was a focus on children who began the study period as non-orphans and compare children who subsequently lost a parent to those who did not. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death as well as evidence of a drop before the death. Effects are largest for children whose mothers died, for young girls (under age 12) and for children with low base line academic performance. The authors then discuss implications for the design of programmes to assist orphans and vulnerable children

The evolving capacities of the child

LANSDOWN, Gerison
2005

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child introduces for the first time in an international human rights treaty, the concept of the 'evolving capacities' of the child. This principle has been described as a new principle of interpretation in international law, recognising that, as children acquire enhanced competencies, there is a diminishing need for protection and a greater capacity to take responsibility for decisions affecting their lives. The Convention allows for the recognition that children in different environments and cultures, and faced with diverse life experiences, will acquire competencies at different ages. Action is needed in law, policy and practice so that the contributions children make and the capacities they hold are acknowledged. The purpose of the study is to open the discussion and promote debate to achieve a better understanding of how children can be protected, in accordance with their evolving capacities, and also provided with opportunities to participate in the fulfillment of their rights. Although the paper discusses children of all ages, section 2 (p.12) focuses on early childhood development and the cultural environment

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