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Growing pains : how poverty and AIDS are challenging childhood

SWIFT, Anthony
MAHER, Stan
2008

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This report looks at projects and programmes that aim to respond to the needs of very young children in southern and eastern Africa whose lives have been affected by both poverty and HIV. What is highlighted in the interventions that are examined is the effort of human beings in caring and supporting people and sharing resources

Sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities : a challenge for parents and professionals

GARBUTT, Ruth
2008

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"This paper considers some of the issues around sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It is essentially a discussion paper, highlighting previous research, and information about the rights of people with learning disabilities to have sex and relationships. It particularly focuses on concerns for parents and some implications for professional practice that have arisen from a research project that is trying to find out more about the issues. The main messages coming from parents within the research project is that there is a need for clear, concise information about sex and relationships for young people with learning disabilities and there is also a need for professionals to give parents more support"
Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Research and Practice Journal, 5

What works? interventions for maternal and child under nutrition and survival

BHUTTA, Zulfigar
et al
January 2008

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This article "reviews interventions that affect maternal and child undernutrition and nutrition-related outcomes. These interventions included promotion of breastfeeding; strategies to promote complementary feeding, with or without provision of food supplements; micronutrient interventions; general supportive strategies to improve family and community nutrition; and reduction of disease burden (promotion of handwashing and strategies to reduce the burden of malaria in pregnancy). (The authors) showed that although strategies for breastfeeding promotion have a large effect on survival, their effect on stunting is small"
The Lancet, Vol 371, Issue 9610

How does HIV/AIDS affect the elderly in developing countries?

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU (PRB)
August 2007

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This edition highlights recent research studies that explore the impact of HIV/AIDS on the elderly in developing countries. It considers various issues including; caring for families, the economic impact, the health consequences, attitudes, and support for the elderly

Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : toolkit for action. Modules D & E : the family and stigma; home-based care and stigma

KIDD, Ross
CLAY, Sue
CHIIYA, Chipo
June 2007

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This is the third booklet in this revised toolkit to raise awareness and promote practical action to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. Module D focuses on the family and stigma and module E on home-based care and stigma. The toolkit was written by and for HIV trainers in Africa and changes and additions were made with the help of a regional trainers network workshop in Zambia in August 2005

Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : toolkit for action. Module H : MSM and stigma

KIDD, Ross
CLAY, Sue
CHIIYA, Chipo
June 2007

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This is the fifth booklet in this revised toolkit to raise awareness and promote practical action to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. Module H focuses on men who have sex with men (MSM) and stigma. The toolkit was written by and for HIV trainers in Africa and changes and additions were made with the help of a regional trainers network workshop in Zambia in August 2005

Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : toolkit for action Module J : young people and stigma

CLAY, Sue
CHIIYA, Chipo
CHONTA, Mutale
June 2007

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This is the seventh booklet in this revised toolkit to raise awareness and promote practical action to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. The module focuses on young people and stigma. Stigma towards young people is similar to that faced by adults, but it is often exacerbated because of vulnerability and judgements about age, morality, education and experience. The impact of stigma on young people has many consequences, including exclusion, isolation, dropping out of school, delaying starting ARV treatment, and suicide or thinking about suicide. The toolkit was written by and for HIV trainers in Africa and changes and additions were made with the help of a regional trainers network workshop in Zambia in August 2005

Understanding and challenging of HIV stigma : toolkit. Picture booklet

KIDD, Ross
Clay, Sue
CHIIYA, Chipo
June 2007

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This is the ninth booklet in this revised toolkit to raise awareness and promote practical action to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. It contains general stigma pictures and rights pictures that are intended to be photocopied by the facilitator and used alongside the exercises in the rest of the toolkit. The toolkit was written by and for HIV trainers in Africa and changes and additions were made with the help of a regional trainers network workshop in Zambia in August 2005

Inclusion in action

LEWIS, Ingrid
March 2007

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This report aims to share learning from different experiences of inclusive education within a developing country context and review participatory, active learning approaches. It includes contributions from governmental officers in southern Africa as well as civil society members, project managers and disabled people. This well organised work, which is also available in Braille, concludes by addressing potential solutions and recommendations for further research. This resource would be useful to anyone with an interest in inclusive education and disability and development

The quality of life, mental health, and perceived stigma of leprosy patients in Bangladesh

TSUTSUMI, Atsuro
et al
March 2007

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"The present study aims to determine the quality of life (QOL) and general mental health of leprosy patients compared with the general population, and evaluate contributing factors such as socio-economic characteristics and perceived stigma. A total of 189 patients (160 outpatients, 29 inpatients) and 200 controls without leprosy or other chronic diseases were selected from Dhaka district, Bangladesh, using stratified random sampling"
Social Science Medicine Journal, Vol 64, Issue 12

Support by migrants to their elderly parents in rural Cambodia and Thailand : a comparative study

ZIMMER, Zachary
et al
2007

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Internal migration in South East Asia raises questions about strains upon traditional systems of support for older adults. While remittances to parents’ households play a role in rural household economies, uncertainty remains regarding whether and under what circumstances children interact with their elderly parents. This paper focuses on the adult children of older persons living in rural Cambodia and Thailand and examines the determinants of personal visits, monetary remittances and more general forms of household support. Analyses considers ways in which geographically distant children support parents, the extent to which characteristics of parents, children and households enhance or detract from these inter-generational interactions, and how determinants of inter-generational interaction vary between the two countries. Comparisons between countries of conditions and characteristics of families provide insights into how social, economic, and cultural forces motivate provision of support to aging parents

Changing children's lives : experiences from memory work in Africa

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2007

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This publication aims to share learning from the memory work that Healthlink Worldwide and six other NGOs across sub-Saharan Africa have developed in response to the HIV epidemic. The focus is on learning and analysis in the theory and practice of memory work as well as demonstrating its effectiveness as an HIV response. It is aimed at international and national level policy makers who design and support HIV initiatives, as well as practitioners, who implement responses to the HIV epidemic directly at a local and national level

Parenting young children|Parenting

CENTRE FOR COMMUNITY CHILD HEALTH
2007

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This brief explores the factors that influence parenting practices and child development, and examines the features of effective parental support

Vaccine anxieties : global science, child health and society

LEACH, Melissa
2007

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"This book explores how parents understand and engage with childhood vaccination in contrasting global contexts. This rapidly advancing and universal technology has sparked dramatic controversy, whether over MMR in the UK or oral polio vaccines in Nigeria. Combining a fresh anthropological perspective with detailed field research, the book examines anxieties emerging as highly globalized vaccine technologies and technocracies encounter the deeply intimate personal and social worlds of parenting and childcare, and how these are part of transforming science-society relations"

Integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth : WHO recommended interventions for improving maternal and newborn health

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), DEPARTMENT OF MAKING PREGNANCY SAFER
2007

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This paper contains five tables listing recommendations to improve maternal and newborn health and survival, through health services, family and community. Table 1. Care in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period for mother and newborn infant; Table 2. Place of care, providers, interventions and commodities; Table 3. Home care, family, community and workplace support for the woman during pregnancy and childbirth and for the newborn infant; Table 4. Care for the woman before and between pregancies; Table 5. Pregnant women not wanting child

A review of community based rehabilitation evaluations : quality of life as an outcome measure for future evaluations

MANNAN, Hasheem
TURNBULL, Ann P
2007

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"This review examines key articles in evaluation of community-based rehabilitation carried out in developing countries and proposes family quality of life as an outcome measure of community-based rehabilitation. The concept of community-based rehabilitation is reviewed, quality of life and family quality of life measurement scale is presented. It presents a practical approach to future evaluations of community-based rehabilitation programmes. This review presents the features of community-based rehabilitation evaluation (i.e., service delivery system, technology transfer, community involvement, and organisation and management), methodology, and findings. Implications are defined for the enhancement of community based rehabilitation through practical suggestions for programme coordinators involved in community development for rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities, and social inclusion of people with disabilities"

 

Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 18, No 1

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