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HIV/AIDS, stigma, denial, fear and discrimination: experiences and responses from African and Caribbean communities in Toronto

The African and Caribbean Council on HIV/AIDS in Ontario (ACCHO)
HIV Social, Behavioural and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Toronto
2006

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This is the report of a study which explores the experiences of HIV positive people from Africa and the Caribbean who are living in Toronto; and the experiences and perspectives of people from these communities at large, through interviews and focus groups. The study seeks to understand HIV-related stigma, discrimination, denial and fear, and how these impact on responses to HIV, including testing, treatment and support. Recommendations from participants include, the need for greater sensitivity and knowledge among health care providers, more ethnoculturally-appropriate services, education campaigns and community development measures. The report would be of interest to people living with HIV and AIDS, physicians, policy makers, service providers, family members, friends and the general public

Scaling up access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support: the next steps

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2006

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This is a review of country and regional consultations undertaken by UNAIDS, following the United Nations' Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS in June 2006. It explores barriers to UNAIDS' commitment to ensure universal access to comprehensive HIV prevention programmes, treatment, care and support by 2010; and it identifies the next steps that need to be taken for this to become a reality. The key messages are the need for: supportive and protective legislation and programmes to ensure the rights of people living with HIV, women and most-at-risk populations; predictable and sustainable funding for all credible AIDS plans; more trained health care professionals and improved health care systems; and affordable medication, testing and prevention programmes. The review also examines the role of civil society and of faith-based organisations in supporting people with HIV through treatment compliance, prevention, support, care and reducing stigma. It recommends that the high level of response should continue, that targets need to be set and accountability mechanisms improved

Civil society perspectives on TB policy in Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Thailand

Public Health Watch, Open Society Institute
2006

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This publication contains an overview of the common themes and funding resulting from five country reports, and the five reports themselves. The World Health Organization has designated all five as TB-high burden countries. The research findings show a low level of awareness about TB, and TB and HIV co-infection; about how TB is transmitted and how it can be cured; and about the link between poverty and TB; as well as low media coverage of TB and a lack of strong communication strategies for national TB programmes. It also contains country-specific recommendations

A handbook on mainstreaming disability

JONES, Daniel
WEBSTER, Li
2006

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This handbook offers practical guidance and support to development organisations to mainstream disability in their work. It is drawn from the experience of VSO DREAM-IT (Disability Rights, Empowerment, Awareness & Mobilisation Indonesia & Thailand), a five-year disability programme carried out jointly by VSO Indonesia and VSO Thailand. Each chapter addresses a key issue: discrimination and stigma; organisational commitment; sensitisation; workplace mainstreaming; programme mainstreaming - both to include disabled people in programme management processes and in other programme areas and sectors; and policy

The state of the world's children 2007. Women and children : the double dividend of gender equality

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2006

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"The State of the World’s Children 2007 examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children"

Gendering the draft comprehensive and integral international convention on the protection and promotion of the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities : legal background paper

ARNADE, Sigrid
HAEFNER, Sabine
January 2006

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This legal background paper asserts that the United Nations Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities should include a separate article on the equality of women with disabilities. This paper outlines the stigma, discrimination and human rights abuses that especially harm disabled women. Other issues of focus include: sexual and psychological abuse, including forced sterilisation; habilitation and rehabilitation; participation in public life; and employment. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in gender equality, women's rights and international law

HIV/AIDS stigma : finding solutions to strengthen HIV/AIDS programs

INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON WOMEN (ICRW)
2006

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This paper gives an overview of the research findings of ICRW and its partners in Ethiopia, Tanzania, Vietnam and Zambia into stigma and discrimination around HIV & AIDS, which show many common causes and similar outcomes, and looks at ways to combat stigma

HIV & AIDS - stigma and violence reduction intervention manual

DUVVURY, Nata
PRASAD, Nandini
KISHORE, Nanda
2006

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This manual is a guide for community-based organisations to facilitate a community-led and -owned process that addresses stigma and gender-based violence in HIV & AIDS prevention efforts. It is based on findings from the Stigma and Violence Reduction Intervention (SVRI) project, conducted in Andhra Pradesh, India from 2003 to 2005. It is divided into sections: a discussion of three tools that can be used in participatory development projects (participatory learning and action, community-led action research (CLAR) and transformatory workshops); a general guide for implementing community-led action research; a description of the CLAR process among the key populations of the SVRI project and the plans of action that they developed based on this process; the challenges and lessons learned in implementing a community-owned process to address stigma and gender-based violence, and some conclusions. Appendices provide a sample toolkit with a series of workshops designed for the populations who participated in the SVRI project. Although designed specifically for this project, the activities and format could be adapted for use by similar projects working with other populations or in other countries

From the front line : the impact of social, legal and judicial impediments to sexual health promotion, and HIV and AIDS related care and support for males who have sex with males in Bangladesh and India

MULJI, Kim
Ed
2006

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This is the report of a study to explore social justice issues concerning men who have sex with men, in Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow, Pune and Dhaka, and the human rights violations faced by them, and analyse how this impacts upon their vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. It is part of a larger project to develop strategies to reduce the impact of stigma, discrimination and harassment men who have sex with men face on HIV risk reduction programmes directed at them

Welfare reform policy paper

DISABILITY RIGHTS COMMISSION
January 2006

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This paper explains the terms and legislative process associated with welfare policy reform for disabled people. It also puts forward a set of principles that are designed to facilitate the inclusion and participation of disabled people in the work force. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability, welfare reform and labour rights

Zip zip my brain harts

BUCKLAND, Angela
et al
2006

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This book contains photographs by Angela Buckland interspersed with text by researchers interested in disability issues. Its aim is to..."increase public awareness of the needs and human rights of disabled people and their families"

Tough choices : disability and social security in South Africa | Disability and social change : a South African agenda

SWARTZ, Leslie
SCHNEIDER, Marguerite
2006

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This resource investigates disability and social change in South Africa. Specifically, it asserts that the biggest barrier to the full participation of disabled people in South African society is discrimination. In line with the social model of disability, this work further claims that societal attitudes hinder access to safe, accessible and affordable transport, employment and HIV and AIDS programmes

People with disabilities | Social injustice and public health

GROCE, Nora Ellen
2006

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The primary issues faced by people with disabilities are not only specific impairments but also the social stigma, reduced access to resources and poverty that limit their full potential. Social justice cannot be achieved unless people with disabilities - among the poorest and most marginalised - are fully included

Working towards inclusive practice training : a resource to support the delivery of training in Gypsy/Roma and traveler culture for early years settings

MCGEE, Fiona
Ed
2006

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"This resource is intended as a practical toolkit for those involved in delivering training in Gypsy/Roma and Traveller culture for early years settings...This pack provides both training exercises and play and learning activities. By offering both, practitioners not only have the opportunity to participate in training to increase their understanding of the Gypsy/Roma and Traveller community; but also have access to a range of culturally reflective and inclusive activities, which they can then use in their settings"

Disablist Britain : barriers to independent living for disabled people in 2006

MILLER, Paul
GILLINSON, Sarah
HUBER, Julia
January 2006

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This report draws on qualitative and quantitative evidence to portray the extent of institutional discrimination in services for health, rehabilitation, welfare, employment, built environment, media coverage and education. It also addresses societal stigma and its impact on disabled peoples lack of access to goods and services. This report would be useful for anyone with an interest in human rights and approaches to disability issues

Positive voices : religious leaders living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS

BYAMUGISHA, Gideon
WILLIAMS, Glen
October 2005

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Churches and other faiths have often reacted with uneasiness to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and at times even reinforced stigma, denial and discrimination. This booklet, through the voices and experiences of 12 religious leaders, Christian and Muslim, attempts to 'break the silence' and to show that the acceptance of the experience of the disease can enhance communities' religious and spiritual life. This document is aimed primarily at church leaders, faith-based NGOs, national and international religious networks, but can also be useful to those who want to explore the issue of HIV/AIDS and its impact on faith communities

Working report measuring HIV stigma : results of a field test in Tanzania

TANZANIA STIGMA-INDICATORS FIELD TEST GROUP
June 2005

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This is the working report of a project that builds expressly on the findings of the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and its partners in a multi-country study on stigma and on the Horizons and POLICY Project work on stigma and HIV. The specific aim of this project is to examine, test and validate selected stigma indicators in Tanzania as a first step to coming up with a set indicators that can reliably assess stigma in a given setting and measure progress in reducing it

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